進階搜尋


下載電子全文  
系統識別號 U0026-2408201714002900
論文名稱(中文) 金屬擴張網應用於陽台綠化之系統開發
論文名稱(英文) Expanded Metal Mesh Combined with Trailing Plant Apply on Balcony as Greenery Systems
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 林建勳
研究生(英文) Chien-Hsun Lin
學號 N76044391
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 65頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡耀賢
口試委員-林子平
口試委員-黃瑞隆
中文關鍵字 遮陽性能  蔓性植物  建築物綠化  熱舒適 
英文關鍵字 Shading Performance  Building Greenery  Thermal Comfort 
學科別分類
中文摘要 近年來,許多建築採用了金屬擴張網作為立面設計元素,除了具備視覺穿透性的美感之外,更可提供遮陽效果,或結合植栽做為立面綠化系統。金屬擴張網屬三維開孔型式的材料,國外文獻指出作為遮陽板而言,這種開孔型式對特定角度的日射遮蔽效果差異相當大。另一方面,建築綠化在高密度的城市中,被視為能夠有效緩解都市熱島現象的手法,研究指出在陽台或通廊上設置立面綠化系統搭配自然通風可以改善熱舒適性。有文獻討論蔓性植物應用於開口部的立面綠化,其植物生長週期對應其透過率,並依此提出生物性遮陽係數模式,即同時考量植物特徵與時間影響的遮陽性能評估方式。
本研究探討金屬擴張網以開口率所決定之遮陽性能,與實際日射透過率之間的落差,並討論影響的因素,以提出評估其遮陽性能的建議計算方法。進一步的將金屬擴張網結合蔓性植物應用於建築開口部綠化,評估植物生長週期之覆蓋率對於遮陽性能的影響,討論熱舒適性之關聯,以提出植栽覆蓋對節能效益的評估方式,以及四季植栽變化對遮陽性能之影響。期望能提供設計者選用金屬擴張網或綠化系統時,有實際量測之參數可以供計算,或作為建築模擬邊界條件之輸入參考。
本研究分為兩個階段,第一階段為金屬擴張網的遮陽性能測試,藉由搭建實驗屋,實際量測各種金屬擴張網在西向開口部之遮陽性能,並討論各種網目尺寸與裝設方式對於遮陽性能的影響,以得到預測迴歸式,並再於隔年東向及西向開口進行實測驗證。第二階段則是搭建金屬擴張網結合蔓性植物的陽台綠化系統原型,選定東向陽台做為對象,實際進行性能測試與植栽培養成效的探討,討論4種蔓性植物隨著時間生長之覆蓋率對於透過率以及平均輻射溫度差之關係,並提出植物覆蓋率對應透過率的預測模式。
結果顯示,金屬擴張網若僅以開口率決定遮陽性能,實際的日射透過率將會被低估,並且提出藉由水平投影開口率及開口型式所決定之日射透過率之預測式,驗證其於東西向皆可適用,可有效預測金屬擴張網的實質透過率。陽台綠化系統部分,覆蓋率與透過率呈負相關,依此提出植物覆蓋率對於透過率的預測式;並且分別就秋冬季選定苦瓜,以及春夏季選擇蔓性黃蟬提出對應之生物性遮陽模式,即考量了四季變動對植物生長的影響,其特定日子所對應的透過率。
英文摘要 Recently, architects have praised expanded metal mesh for its visual penetration and shading performance and thus applied it as an element in the façade design of many buildings. On the other hand, building greenery had been suggested to relieve the influence of urban heat island. The objective of this study is to propose the evaluations of the shading performance when choosing expanded metal mesh as elements of façade design and furthermore, combined with trailing plants as greenery systems.
In this study, an experimental house was built with a single room and field measurements were performed to investigate the shading performance of expanded metal mesh. The results showed that the practical transmittance was lower than perforation rate, which meant that the higher shading performance could be evaluated. The correlations linking transmittance (τ) to the perforation rate (σ) and hole shape (w/l) were proposed, based on the multiple regression analysis, which could be applied on boundary conditions for building environment simulation.
Furthermore, the greenery systems combined expanded metal mesh with trailing plants were applied on balcony and investigated the shading performance by field measurements. Results showed that a negative correlation was found between coverage to transmittance and bio-shading coefficients under different seasons were proposed with different plants.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 研究目的 4
1-3 研究範圍與流程 5
1-3-1 研究範圍 5
1-3-2 研究流程 5
第二章 文獻回顧與相關理論 7
2-1台灣建築節能法規之外遮陽係數Ki 7
2-2 金屬擴張網立面遮陽效果 9
2-3 建築物綠化 10
2-4 立面綠化形式 11
2-5 植栽蒸散物理模式 13
2-5-1 植物蒸散作用 13
2-5-2 植物蒸散的相關研究 13
2-6 立面綠化研究 16
2-7 植栽遮陽與熱舒適 18
第三章 研究方法 21
3-1 植栽蒸散實驗 21
3-2 金屬擴張網基本遮陽性能 23
3-2-1金屬擴張網的水平投影開口率計算 23
3-2-2實驗屋建構與實測設置 25
3-2-3 裝設方式 29
3-2-4 各種金屬擴張網的透過率測試 29
3-3 陽台綠化系統建置 31
3-3-1金屬擴張網陽台綠化系統建置 31
3-3-2植栽搭配選定 31
3-3-3 陽台系統實測設置 33
第四章 基本性能實驗結果 37
4-1 植栽蒸散模式 37
4-1-1 環境因子與蒸散速率的關係 37
4-1-2蒸散速率模式建立與驗證 37
4-2 金屬擴張網實測結果 40
4-2-1透過率、MRT與OT的差異 40
4-2-2裝設方式的差異 42
4-3金屬擴張網透過率預測式 43
4-4透過率預測式驗證 45
第五章 陽台綠化系統實測結果 47
5-1 陽台綠化實測結果 47
5-1-1 植物覆蓋率生長曲線 47
5-1-2 綠化系統透過率 50
5-2 覆蓋率與透過率關係 52
5-3 熱舒適性改善結果 53
5-4 生物性遮陽係數 56
第六章 結論與建議 59
6-1 研究結論 59
6-2 後續研究建議 61
參考文獻 63
參考文獻 內政部營建署(2011a),住宿類建築物節約能源設計技術規範。
內政部營建署(2011b),建築物強化外殼部位熱性能節約能源設計技術規範。
內政部營建署(2011c),學校類大型空間類及其他類建築物節約能源設計技術規範。
內政部營建署(2011d),辦公廳類建築物節約能源設計技術規範。
李洋毅(2006),綠化形態對都市熱島效應影響效果,銘傳大學碩士論文。
邱葳傑(2015),陽台立面綠化對自然通風降溫之效益評估-以台南地區為例,成功大學碩士論文。
許瑞銘(2006),屋頂綠化熱效益之研究,朝陽科技大學碩士論文。
張簡宏裕(2002),屋頂覆土植栽之熱收之研究–以鵝掌藤植栽為例,台灣科技大學碩士論文。
黃世孟(2008),建築物的垂直綠化與風土外牆設計,高雄大學都市發展與建築研究所。
楊倍航(2013),臺中市都市熱島效應發展變遷及影響因子之探討,逢甲大學碩士論文。
趙惠恩、饒戎、董翔(2009),屋頂綠化技術與建築節能應用–生態建築的植被屋面,中國建築工業出版社。
謝昀昊(2016),陽台立面綠化對室內熱環境與能耗改善之評估-以台南地區為例,成功大學碩士論文。
Salisbury、Ross著,高清譯(1976),植物生理學,華岡出版有限公司。
三坂育正、鈴木弘孝、水谷敦司、村野直康、田代順孝,2006,壁面緑化植物の熱収支特性の評価に関する研究,日本建築學技術報告集,第23号,233-236。
大和田淳、加藤止宏,2012,エキスパンドメタルの日射遮蔽性能の測定,空気調和・衛生工学会人会学術講演論文集2012.9.5 − 7(札幌)。
奥島里美、海保 昭、石井雅久、森山英樹、佐瀬勘紀、高倉 直,2014,グリーンカーテンによる冷却效果の比較解析,生物と気象,14,10-17。
黄柔嫚、大岡龍三,実測に基づく街路樹の植生蒸散モデルに関する研究,日本建築学会環境系論文集,Vol.76 No. 660,pp. 177-183,2011。
Baille M., Baille A. and Laury J.C. “A simplified model for predicting evapotranspiration rate of nine ornamental species vs. climate factors and leaf area” Scientia Horticulturae, Vol.59, pp. 217-232, 1994.
Blanco, J.M., Arriaga P., Rojí, E., Cuadrado, J., 2014. Investigating the thermal behavior of double-skin perforated sheet façades: Part A: Model characterization and validation procedure. Building and Environment, 82, 50-62.
Blanco, J.M., Buruaga A., Rojí, E., Cuadrado, J., Pelaz, B., 2015. Energy assessment and optimization of perforated metal sheet double skin façades through Design Builder; A case study in Spain. Energy and Buildings, 82, 326-336.
Cameron, R.W.F., Taylor, J.E., Emmett, M.R., 2014. What's ‘cool’ in the world of green façades? How plant choice influences the cooling properties of green walls. Building and Environment, 73, 198-207.
Cameron, R.W.F., Taylor, J.E., Emmett, M.R., 2015. A Hedera green façade - Energy performance and saving under different maritime-temperate, winter weather conditions. Building and Environment, 92, 111-121.
Chang C.P. and Chang J.C. “Study on Simple Transpiration Model and Fitted Measurement Time for Dominant Plant at Mudstone Area in Taiwan”, Proceeding of the 12th ISCO Conference, 2002.
Chen, Q., Li, B., Liu, X., 2013. An experimental evaluation of the living wall system in hot and humid climate. Energy and Building, 61, 298-307.
Coma, J., Perez, G., Gracia, A., Bures, S., Urrestarazu, M., Cabeza, L.F., 2017.Vertical greenery systems for energy savings in buildings: A comparative study between green walls and green facades. Building and Environment, 111, 228-237.
Hoelscher, M.T., Nehls, T., Jänicke, B., Wessolek, G., 2016. Quantifying cooling effects of facade greening: Shading, transpiration and insulation. Energy and Building, 114, 283-290.
Ferreira, T., Rasband, W., 2012. ImageJ User Guide. National Institutes of Health from https://imagej.nih.gov/ij/docs/guide/user-guide.pdf
Ip, K., Lam, M., Miller, A., 2010. Shading performance of a vertical deciduous climbing plant canopy. Building and Environment, 45, p.81-88.
ISO 7726 (1998). Ergonomics of the thermal environment -- Instruments for measuring physical quantities. International Organization for Standardization: Geneva.
Koyama, T., Yoshinaga, M., Hayashi, H., Maeda, K., Yamauchi, A., 2013. Identification of key plant traits contributing to the cooling effects of green façades using freestanding walls. Building and Environment, 66, 96-103.
Koyama, T., Yoshinaga, M., Hayashi, H., Maeda, K., Yamauchi, A., 2014. Room temperature reductions in relation to growth traits of kudzu vine (Pueraria lobata): Experimental quantification. Ecological Engineering, 70, 217-226.
Mainini, A.G., Poli, T., Zinzi M., Speroni A., 2013. Spectral light transmission measure of metal screens for glass façades and assessment of their shading potential, International Conference on Solar Heating and Cooling for Buildings and Industry, Freiburg, Germany, 23-25 September.
Mainini, A.G., Poli, T., Zinzi M., Speroni A., 2015. Metal mesh as shading devices and thermal response of an office building: parametric analysis, 6th International Building Physics Conference, IBPC
Pan, L. Chu, L.M., 2016. Energy saving potential and life cycle environmental impacts of a vertical greenery system in Hong Kong: A case study. Building and Environment, 96, 293-300.
Perez, G., Rincon, L., Vila, A., Gonzalez, J.M., Cabeza, L.F., 2011. Behavior of green facades in Mediterranean Continental climate. Energy Conversion and Management, 52, 1861-1867.
Perini, K., Ottelé, M., Fraaij, A.L.A., Haas, E.M., Raiteri, R., 2011. Vertical greening systems and the effect on air flow and temperature on the building envelope. Building and Environment, 46, 2287-2294.
Sherif, A., El-Zafarany, A., Arafa, R., 2012.External perforated window Solar Screens: The effect of screen depth and perforation ratio on energy performance in extreme desert environments. Energy and Buildings, 52, 1-10.
Sunakorn, P., Yimprayoon, C., 2011. Thermal performance of biofacade with natural ventilation in the tropical climate. 2011 International Conference on Green Buildings and Sustainable Cities.
Susorova, I., Angulo, M., Bahrami, P., Stephens, B., 2013. A model of vegetated exterior facades for evaluation of wall thermal performance. Building and Environment, 67, 1-13.
Zhang, J.B., Yan, Z.P., Li Q.R., Ye, Y.J.. Study on the Evapotranspiration Model for Fitted Plant in Taiwan Mudstone Area. Research of Soil and Water Conservation. 8(4), 136-145, 2001.

論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2018-09-01起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2018-09-01起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw