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系統識別號 U0026-2408201119564200
論文名稱(中文) 臺灣南部恆春半島超基性外來岩塊之換質作用及構造岩石學隱示
論文名稱(英文) Metasomatism and tectono-petrologic implications of ultramafic exotics from Hengchun Peninsula, southern Taiwan
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 地球科學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Earth Sciences
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 黃克峻
研究生(英文) Ko-Chun Huang
學號 l4697111
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 119頁
口試委員 指導教授-江威德
口試委員-楊懷仁
口試委員-朱傚祖
中文關鍵字 恆春半島  墾丁混同岩體  超基性岩  鉻尖晶石  岩漿包裹體 
英文關鍵字 Hengchun Peninsula  Kenting Melange  ultramafic rock  Chromian spinel  melt inclusions. 
學科別分類
中文摘要 岩象觀察顯示墾丁混同岩體中之換質超基性岩曾經歷強烈剪切作用及不同程度蛇紋石化、碳酸鹽化與矽化作用。這些超基性岩先後與富含二氧化碳及富矽流體反應,呈現序列明顯之微組構及礦物化學轉變,近似隱沒雜岩及逆衝蛇綠岩體所見之里斯文岩化作用(listvenitization)。
墾丁換質超基性岩部份仍保有蛇紋石之橄欖石假晶,並含有浸染狀鉻尖晶石,局部構成鉻鐵尖晶岩。彼等鉻尖晶石之Cr#(即100Cr/(Cr+Al))為43-59,具有洋脊源深洋橄欖岩特性。部份鉻尖晶石(Cr# = 43-45)並裹有負晶狀岩漿包裹體,這些包裹體大多具有複相、富鈉之特色,包含富鈦高鈉韭閃石、鈉金雲母、硬玉、頑火輝石與含鉻透輝石,另有以鎂橄欖石及含鉻透輝石構成之單相包裹體。晶體形態及晶相生長關係顯示他形鎂橄欖石、頑火輝石及透輝石為岩漿受捕捉前之晶相,半自形富鈦高鈉韭閃石、鈉金雲母和硬玉則於岩漿包裹體中結晶。硬玉及韭閃石於洋脊玄武岩模擬地函(MORB pyrolite)岩漿中的溫壓穩定範圍可約制其結晶條件為2.2-3.0 GPa及950-1200°C。對比於隱沒帶熔體包裹體,墾丁岩漿包裹體顯具高鈦之洋脊特徵,且其所含透輝石成份具大陸地殼型相對富鈉斜輝石之特性。
以上這些新發現顯示墾丁超基性外來岩塊曾經歷以下地體構造條件或作用:(1)地函低度部份熔融發生於70-100公里深度;(2)洋脊或張裂環境;(3)典型增積過程發生之里斯文岩化作用。
英文摘要 Petrographic analysis revealed that highly sheared ultramafic rocks from the Kenting mélange in Hengchun Peninsula, southern Taiwan experienced various degrees of serpentinization, carbonatization, and silicification, and formed progressive mineralogical and microstructural changes involving sequential reactions with high ƒCO2 and silica fluids, typical of listvenitization reported in subduction complexes and obducted ophiolites elsewhere. In addition to characterization of the listvenitization process of the rocks, an attempt to determine the origin of the protolith was made with evidence derived from petrography and mineral chemistry. Fresh chromian spinel crystals found in the rocks and associated chromitite pods had low Cr# (100Cr/(Cr+Al) = 43-59) comparable to those reported for MOR-type abyssal peridotites. Furthermore, some chromian spinel grains (Cr# = 43-45) were found to preserve numerous negative-crystal inclusions with a high Na and Al assemblage of Ti-rich sodic pargasite, aspidolite, jadeite, and enstatite ± diopside. Monomineralic inclusions of forsterite, diopside and enstatite with irregular shapes were identified as well. Constraints from the stability of jadeite, Ti-rich sodic-pargasite, and other liquidus phases indicated a melt trapping process at 950-1200°C and 2.2-3.0 GPa during the growth of chromian spinel. Additional confinements for further modifications of the tectonic genesis of the Kenting ultramafic exotics were suggested to include the following new findings: (1) a very low degree of partial melting of the source rocks occurred at a depth of 70-100 km; (2) the source material was derived from an MOR-type or a rifting environment; (3) large-scale tectonic emplacement and accretion processes were involved as evidenced by the provenance and listvenite-type deformation and metasomatism of the rocks.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VII
圖版目錄 IX
表目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
第二章 區域地質背景 3
2.1 恆春半島中新世地層 3
2.2 恆春半島上新世-更新世地層 3
2.3 恆春半島墾丁混同岩體 4
2.4 墾丁混同岩體的年代 5
2.5 墾丁混同岩體中之蛇綠岩系物質與其生成年代 7
2.6 墾丁混同岩體中超基性岩之野外產狀與特色 8
2.7 超基性岩中所發現的鉻鐵尖晶岩 8
第三章 研究方法 10
3.1 採樣 10
3.2 標本處理 13
3.3 實驗分析與步驟 14
第四章 分析結果 16
4.1 光學顯微鏡分析結果 16
4.1.1 蛇紋岩化超基性岩 16
4.1.2 碳酸鹽化超基性岩 20
4.1.3 矽化超基性岩 22
4.2 掃描式電子顯微鏡影像觀察結果 25
4.2.1 蛇紋岩化超基性岩 25
4.2.2 碳酸鹽化超基性岩 27
4.2.3 矽化超基性岩 30
4.2.4 鉻尖晶石包裹體 37
4.3 掃描式電子顯微鏡EDS 結果 42
4.3.1 碳酸鹽類 42
4.3.2 綠泥石族 42
4.3.3 尖晶石 43
4.3.4 尖晶石礦物包裹體化學定量結果 45
第五章 討論 48
5.1 超基性外來岩塊的換質特色與里斯文岩化(Listvenitization)作用 49
5.2 礦物生成次序 Mineral Paragenesis 52
5.3 鉻尖晶石之換質作用與富鐵鉻尖晶石(ferritchromite)之生成 56
5.4 恆春里斯文岩之模式討論 61
5.5 鉻尖晶石之大地構造暗示 62
5.6 恆春鉻鐵尖晶岩的成因 67
5.7 恆春產鉻尖晶石岩漿包裹體的特色 70
5.7.1 單相包裹體 (Monomineralic Inclusions) 70
5.7.2 多相包裹體 (Polymineralic Inclusions) 71
5.8 鉻尖晶石岩漿包裹體形成溫壓條件之評估 72
5.8.1 韭閃石(Pargasite)於地函條件的穩定範圍 72
5.8.2 硬玉在岩漿中的穩定範圍 77
5.9 包裹體礦物群給予的深部熔融暗示 79
5.10 隱沒帶源之熔體包裹體比較-呂宋島弧巴丹島(Batan Island) 80
5.11 總結 82
第六章 結論 84
英文參考文獻 85
中文參考文獻 92
附錄ㄧ、阿曼蛇綠岩系(Oman ophiolite)之里斯文岩。 93
附錄二、里斯文岩(lisvenite)之分類。 94
附錄三、超基性岩於較高二氧化碳濃度條件產生的化學反應。 95
附錄四、碳酸鹽礦物EDS定量分析。 96
附錄五、綠泥石EDS定量分析。 98
附錄六、恆春新鮮鉻鐵尖晶岩之尖晶石EDS定量分析。 99
附錄七、恆春換質鉻尖晶石EDS定量分析。 102
附錄八、鉻尖晶石包裹體礦物EDS定量分析-韭閃石。 109
附錄九、鉻尖晶石包裹體礦物EDS定量分析-鈉金雲母。 111
附錄十、鉻尖晶石包裹體礦物EDS定量分析-硬玉。 113
附錄十ㄧ、鉻尖晶石包裹體礦物EDS定量分析-橄欖石、透輝石、頑火輝石。 114
附錄十二、磁鐵礦EDS定量分析。 115
附錄十三、其他礦物之EDS光譜。 117


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