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系統識別號 U0026-2408201021353800
論文名稱(中文) 鹽水地層二氧化碳封存量估算之研究
論文名稱(英文) Estimation of CO2 Storage Capacity in Saline Aquifer
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 資源工程學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Resources Engineering
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生(中文) 劉政典
研究生(英文) Cheng-Tien Liu
學號 N4697101
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 75頁
口試委員 指導教授-林再興
共同指導教授-謝秉志
口試委員-吳榮章
口試委員-陳大麟
中文關鍵字 二氧化碳封存量  地質封存  鹽水地層 
英文關鍵字 CO2 Storage Capacity  Saline Aquifer  geological sequestration 
學科別分類
中文摘要 二氧化碳的排放是造成全球暖化的主要原因之一。為了減緩溫室效應對環境帶來的影響,必須減少二氧化碳排放至大氣中的量,有許多方法可以減少人為二氧化碳的排放,其中最有效的方法為二氧化碳地質封存,地質封存的選項中,又以鹽水地層的二氧化碳封存潛能為最大(可封存二氧化碳量最多,估計全球有0.3~10兆噸的二氧化碳封存量)(IEA, 2001)。
本研究主要目的是利用解析法及數值法,估算T氣田淺部的目標鹽水地層(U構造),所能封存的二氧化碳總量。首先,利用解析法(體積法及壓縮法)對目標鹽水地層(U構造)進行二氧化碳封存量的估算,然後,利用數值法(CMG公司的GEM成分模式)建立U構造的數值模式,完成數值模式的驗證後,利用此數值模式進行二氧化碳封存量的模擬計算,並由數值模擬找出最佳注儲策略,以供現場操作參考。
本研究由解析法所得到的二氧化碳封存量為0.11~6.5億噸,由數值法所得到的二氧化碳封存量為3.43~6.4億噸,另外,數值模擬得到有效封存因子(CC)約為0.53~0.88,此因子可以應用於目標鹽水地層計算有效封存量之用。
英文摘要 Carbon dioxide capture and storage technology (CCS) is an effective method to control the emission of CO2 from source, such as power plant. Geological sequestration of CO2 in a saline aquifer in CCS is currently the most effective way to moderate global warming.
The purpose of this study is to estimate CO2 storage capacity in a saline aquifer of Y-formatio of U-structure in T gas field. Both analytical method and numerical method are used in the estimation.
In using analytical methods, both volumetric and compressibility approaches are used separately to estimate CO2 storage capacity in Y-formation of U-structure. The storage capacity from analytical methods is ranging from 11 to 650 million tons.
In using numerical method, GEM compositional simulator is used. Grid model is set up from inputting the reservoir parameters of the saline aquifer. After checking the validation of the model, simulation studies are conducted for both constant rate injection and constant pressure injection.The storage capacity from numerical method ranging from 343 to 640 million tons. And storage capacity factor is 0.53~0.88, depending on CO2 injecting operations, and location of injecting wells.
論文目次 目錄
中文摘要---------------------------------------------------I
英文摘要--------------------------------------------------II
誌謝-----------------------------------------------------III
目錄------------------------------------------------------IV
表目錄--------------------------------------------------VIII
圖目錄----------------------------------------------------IX
符號說明-------------------------------------------------XII
第一章 前言------------------------------------------------1
1.1 全球暖化-----------------------------------------------1
1.2 『聯合國氣候變化綱要公約』及『京都議定書』-----------------1
1.3 二氧化碳減量方式及地質封存-------------------------------3
1.4 全球二氧化碳地質封存趨勢---------------------------------4
1.5 我國二氧化碳排放量與減量目標-----------------------------5
1.6 我國二氧化碳地質封存的發展-------------------------------7
第二章 研究目的---------------------------------------------9
第三章 文獻回顧--------------------------------------------10
3.1 解析法估算二氧化碳總封存量------------------------------12
3.1.1 體積法----------------------------------------------12
3.1.2 壓縮法----------------------------------------------12
3.2 數值法計算二氧化碳總封存量------------------------------13
3.3 數值法計算二氧化碳各機制封存量---------------------------15
3.3.1 鹽水層二氧化碳封存機制--------------------------------15
3.3.2 數值法計算各機制封存量--------------------------------17
第四章 理論基礎及研究方法-----------------------------------19
4.1 解析法------------------------------------------------19
4.1.1 體積法計算二氧化碳理論封存量---------------------------19
4.1.2 計算二氧化碳有效封存量--------------------------------20
4.2 數值模擬法---------------------------------------------22
4.2.1 流體流動方程式及多相流體數值模式-----------------------23
4.2.2 流體相態及平衡方程式計算------------------------------27
第五章 目標礦區地質概述-------------------------------------33
第六章 結果與討論------------------------------------------35
6.1 解析法計算二氧化碳封存量--------------------------------35
6.1.1 二氧化碳理論封存量------------------------------------35
6.1.2 二氧化碳有效封存量------------------------------------36
6.2 數值法計算U構造二氧化碳封存量----------------------------36
6.2.1 U構造網格模型建立------------------------------------37
6.2.2 U構造數值模擬模式驗證---------------------------------37
6.2.3 設定U構造模型的邊界-----------------------------------38
6.2.4 二氧化碳理論封存量------------------------------------38
6.3.5 二氧化碳有效封存量------------------------------------39
6.3解析法與數值法所估算的二氧化碳封存量之比較-----------------43
6.4各種機制封存量的估算-------------------------------------44
6.5壓縮度法估算U構造總封存量--------------------------------46
第七章 結論------------------------------------------------50
參考文獻--------------------------------------------------51
參考文獻 參考文獻
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