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系統識別號 U0026-2407201822362500
論文名稱(中文) 超級電容用之高效能二硫化鉬奈米複合材料
論文名稱(英文) MoS2-based Nanocomposite Electrode for High Performance Supercapacitors
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 材料科學及工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Materials Science and Engineering
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 蘇費翠
研究生(英文) Fitri Sari
電子信箱 fitrinurindah_26@yahoo.com
學號 N58037011
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 122頁
口試委員 指導教授-丁志明
口試委員-吕福兴
口試委員-陳伯禹
口試委員-張仍奎
口試委員-許聯崇
口試委員-張高碩
口試委員-蘇彥勳
中文關鍵字 none 
英文關鍵字 MoS2  carbon nanofiber  activated carbon clothes  MoO3  MoO2  polypyrrole  microwave-assisted hydrothermal  nanocomposite  supercapacitor 
學科別分類
中文摘要 二硫化鉬有著二維結構,它擁有獨特的性質吸引了許多如太陽能電池、鋰電池、鈉電池及光催化產氫反應等應用的研究。在此研究中,將以二硫化鉬及鉬相關的材料作為超級電容之電極。將以奈米構築與耦合vapor grown carbon nanofibers (VGCNFs)、activated carbon clothes (ACC)及聚吡咯。我們將在酸性環境下進行微波水熱以得到直接生長於VGCNF之二硫化鉬奈米牆,使用氯化氫水溶液來達到酸性環境,而氯化氫不只是可以改變酸鹼值來限制生長速率,也可以造成氯化鈉的生成,成為了二硫化鉬能夠直接且特別的生長於VGCNF表面的關鍵,我們將提出其生成機制。此二硫化鉬生長於高導電之VGCNF產生了獨特的結構不僅可以減少二硫化鉬的聚集,也可提升所得到複合物電極之導電率,因此提升了其電化學性質。同樣地,MoS2/ MoOx生長於ACC上也是使用微波水熱。可以發現MoOx氧化物為MoO3和MoO2。生長於活性VGCNF及ACCs之MoS2/MoOx產生一種利於插入離子的獨特結構,其導電ACCs、MoO3-x及單斜晶系之MoO2提供快速的電子傳導然而二硫化鉬奈米層/ MoO3-x奈米粒子之奈米結構提升了其電容。此外,將以MoO3/PPy/MoS2及PPy nanotube/N-doped graphene (NDG)作為非對稱性超級電容之正極及負極材料。PPy nanotube/NDG可以輕易地使用MoO3模板輔助聚合接著使用微波水熱法得到,由於含氮前驅物的存在,奈米管的形成與摻雜於reduced graphene oxide可以同時地發生。此外,新穎之MoO3/PPy/MoS2三元奈米複合材料可以藉由快速之方法製成,這個結合為種新穎的高效能ASC材料系統。
英文摘要 MoS2 as two dimensional with unique properties has attracted many researchers for many applications, such as solar cell, Li-ion battery, Na-ion battery, and electro catalysis for HER. In this research work, MoS2 and related Mo-based materials have been demonstrated for electrode material of supercapacitor. Nanostructuring and coupling with other materials such as vapor grown carbon nanofibers (VGCNFs), activated carbon clothes (ACC), and polypyrrole. Direct growth of MoS2 nanowalls on VGCNFs has been achieved using a microwave-assisted hydrothermal (MAH) method under an acidic condition. The acidic condition was obtained through the addition of an HCl aqueous solution. We demonstrate that the HCl not only modifies the pH value for limiting the growth rate but also leads to the formation of NaCl, which is the key for the direct and unique growth of MoS2 on the VGCNF surface. A growth mechanism is therefore proposed. The growth of MoS2 onto the high electrically conducting VGCNF creates a unique structure that not only reduces the aggregation of MoS2 but also improves the electrical conductivity of the resulting composite electrode, hence enhanced the electrochemical performance. Likewise, the growth of MoS2/MoOx on ACC was also prepared through (MAH). It was found that MoOx sub oxides are MoO3 and MoO2. The growth of MoS2/MoOx on activated VGCNF and ACCs create a unique structure that favors ions intercalation. The conductive ACCs, MoO3-x, and monoclinic MoO2 provide fast electron transport while the MoS2 nanosheets/MoO3-x nanoparticles nanostructure improves the capacitance. These materials are shown to be promising candidate electrode materials for supercapacitor. Moreover, an asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) was built with MoO3/PPy/MoS2 and PPy nanotube/N-doped graphene (NDG) as positive electrode and negative electrode, respectively. PPy nanotube/NDG was easily synthesized through MoO3 template-assisted polymerization followed by microwave-assisted hydrothermal. Nanotube formation and doping of reduced graphene oxide simultaneously occurred due to the presence of nitrogen precursor. Moreover, novel ternary nanocomposite MoO3/PPy/MoS2 was fabricated through facile method. This combination provides a novel material system for high performance of ASC.
論文目次 Contents
摘要 i
Abstract ii
Acknowledgements iv
Contents v
List of Tables vii
List of Figures viii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 General Background 1
1.2 MoS2-based nanocomposite electrode 2
1.3 Enhancement of Mo-based electrode material 9
1.4 Objectives 10
Chapter 2 Theoretical Background 12
2.1 Charge Storage Mechanism 12
2.2 Electrode Materials 14
2.2.1 MoS2 14
2.2.2 MoO3 and MoO2 20
2.2.3 Polymeric Electrode Materials 22
Chapter 3 Experimental 24
3.1 Materials 24
3.2 Synthesis MoS2/VGCNF nanocomposite 25
3.3 Synthesis of MoS2/MoOx/ACC 26
3.4 Synthesis PPy nanotube/NDG 26
3.5 Synthesis of MoO3/PPy/MoS2 27
3.6 General materials characterization 28
3.7 Electrode preparation and supercapacitor assembly 29
3.8 Electrochemical measurement 30
3.8.1 Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) 32
3.8.2 Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) 32
3.8.3 Galvanostatic Charge-Discharge (GCD) 32
Chapter 4 Direct Growth of MoS2 Nanowalls on Carbon Nanofibers 33
4.1 Structure and morphology of MoS2 nanowall/VGCNF composites 33
4.2 Direct growth mechanism of MoS2 nanowalls on VGCNFs 45
4.3 Electrochemical performance of MoS2 nanowall/VGCNFs composites 49
4.4 Summary 56
Chapter 5 MoS2/MoOx Nanostructure Decorated Activated Carbon Cloth 58
5.1 Structure and morphology of MoS2/MoOx/ACC 58
5.2 Growth mechanism of MoS2/MoOx/ACC 68
5.3 Electrochemical Performance of Nanocomposites 69
5.4 Summary 78
Chapter 6 Polypyrrole nanotube/N-doped graphene and MoO3/PPy/MoS2 for high performances of asymmetric supercapacitor 79
6.1 PPy nanotube/NDG 79
6.2 MoO3/PPy/MoS2 90
6.3 Asymmetric supercapacitor 95
6.4 Summary 97
Chapter 7 Conclusion 99
References 101
Curriculum Vitae 120
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