系統識別號 U0026-2407201111150700
論文名稱(中文) 觸控手機之操作手勢設計與評估
論文名稱(英文) The Design and Evaluation of Gesture Input for Touch Mobile Phone
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業設計學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Design
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 張正昂
研究生(英文) Cheng-Ang Chang
學號 p3797104
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 115頁
口試委員 指導教授-吳豐光
中文關鍵字 手機  觸控面板  操作手勢  手勢符號 
英文關鍵字 mobile phone  touch panel  gesture  sign 
中文摘要 觸控面板的應用已越來越普及,但操作方式仍停留在取代按鍵的操作模式,未將觸控面板效能發揮到最佳,所以本研究主要研究在觸控手機視窗進行手勢符號的操控方式,也就是將觸控手機點選式的操作方式,轉換成書寫式的操作方式,以提供一套更人性化、更直覺的操作模式。
第一階段使用訪談法與觀察法找出手機常用功能指令,並利用KJ法將指令收斂成58個,然後從這58個指令中使用問卷調查,調查出最常用之15個功能指令,再將這些指令依文字與圖形等相關聯想,使每一個指令至少發展出6個平面操作的手勢符號,總共篩選出90個手勢進行下一階段實驗。第二階段再將這90個操作手勢進行實測調查,紀錄受測者實際操作後最喜愛之15個操作手勢,運用ANOVA檢定分析,檢定結果得知所有操作手勢p-value皆小於0.05,達到0.05 顯著水準,所以每個指令間的操作手勢皆有顯著差異性。
事後檢定使用Duncan Test分析,找出15個指令每個指令間,具同群組別之操作手勢,檢定完後增加15個具有同群組別之操作手勢(總共30個操作手勢)進行混淆度實驗。第一次混淆度實驗之15個指令共30個操作手勢,準確度最低的操作手勢準確率達85%,總體準確率為95.6%;第一次混淆度實驗另一個主要目的為,將每個指令間同組別之最佳操作手勢篩選出來進行第二次混淆度實驗測試。所以第二次混淆度實驗之15個指令已篩選為15個操作手勢,準確率最低的操作手勢已提高為95%,總體準確率更達到99%。進行卡方檢定後得知二次的混淆度測試p-value皆大於0.05,未達到0.05 顯著水準,表示這二次混淆度測試,每個操作手勢與前後次的操作手勢,在使用上會導致錯誤的情形,並沒有顯著的差異。
英文摘要 Although touch panel are being increasingly used, the design of the operational model is still based on the intention of replacing keypads. The potential of touch panels has not been put into full play. This study aims to explore the use of finger gestures/symbols on touch-screen mobile phones to activate certain functions, in other words, by handwriting instead of tapping, in order to develop a more user-friendly, instinctive design.
In the first stage, interview and observation methods were employed to determine the common function commands of mobile phones. The results were organized and grouped with the KJ method (totaling 58). Among which, 15 of the most commonly-used ones were selected via a questionnaire survey. From the vocabulary, symbols and images with which users can associate, 15 commands were adapted into six corresponding finger gestures to create 90 gestures. In the second stage, the 90 gestures were examined by research subjects; the 15 gesture types they deemed optimal were recorded and analyzed through analysis of variance (ANOVA). The p-value of each gesture is lower than 0.05, the level of significance, so the results indicate that there are significant differences between the gestures of the commands herein explored.
A post-hoc analysis was conducted with Duncan’s Test. One gesture was selected from each of the 15 commands. Then, another 15 gestures for each command (totaling 30) were added for an analysis of confusion these gestures may cause. In the first confusion analysis of the 30 gestures (15 commands each), the gestures correctly identified the least reached 85% of being successfully identified. The overall percentage of the gestures were identified was 95.6. Another objective of the first confusion analysis was to select the optimal gestures for each command in the second confusion analysis. Therefore, in the second confusion analysis, 15 gestures out of 15 commands each were obtained. The gesture correctly identified the least had reached 95% of being successfully identified and the overall percentage of the gestures were identified at a high of 99%. A Chi-square test was conducted and found that the p-value among the gestures in the two confusion analyses all exceeded 0.05, the level of significance, showing no significant difference in failing to identify the gestures.
論文目次 摘要 3
Abstract 4
致謝 6
目錄 7
表目錄 10
圖目錄 11
第一章 緒論 13
1-1 研究背景 13
1-2 研究動機 14
1-3 研究目的 15
1-4 研究範圍與限制 15
1-5 研究架構 16
第二章 文獻探討 17
2-1 人體感覺與資訊處理探討 17
2-1-1 人體感覺系統 17
2-1-2 資訊處理系統 18
2-2 人機系統介面探討 20
2-2-1 機具系統 20
2-2-2 人體系統 21
2-2-3 介面系統 21
2-3 手部結構探討 22
2-3-1 手部構造 22
2-3-2 手部動作 22
2-4 圖形符號探討 25
2-4-1 符號學 25
2-4-2 造字原理 26
2-5 觸控技術理論 29
2-5-1 電阻式 31
2-5-2 電容式 31
2-5-3 光學式 32
2-5-4 紅外線式 33
2-5-5 音波式 34
2-5-6 電磁式 34
2-5-7 In Cell 35
2-5-8 On Cell 36
2-6 觸控產品應用 37
2-6-1觸控產品作業系統 37
2-6-2現有觸控手勢研究 37
第三章 研究規劃與方法 41
3-1 實驗流程與步驟 41
3-2 研究方法簡介 43
3-3 受測產品調查 46
3-4 問卷設計 47
3-5 手勢設計 49
3-6 手勢分析 56
3-7 小結 61
第四章 結果與實驗分析討論 62
4-1 初步結果 62
4-2 實驗設計 62
4-3 實驗分析 66
4-3 討論 71
第五章 結論與建議 72
5-1 結論 72
5-2 後續建議 74
參考文獻 75
附錄一: 產品功能調查問卷 78
附錄二: 產品功能調查統計數據 80
附錄三: 操作手勢調查問卷 82
附錄四: 操作手勢調查統計數據 91
附錄五: ANOVA檢定分析數據(含Duncan Test) 94
附錄五: Chi-square檢定分析數據 106
附錄六: 行動電話銷售表 113
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