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系統識別號 U0026-2401201615565700
論文名稱(中文) 運用仿生設計方法發展為金字塔底層族群之產品創新設計方法
論文名稱(英文) Using Biomimetic Design Method to Develop Innovative Product Design Method for the Bottom of the Pyramid
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 機械工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Mechanical Engineering
學年度 104
學期 1
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 李昌霖
研究生(英文) Chang-Lin Lee
學號 N16024543
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 174頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳家豪
口試委員-施勵行
口試委員-劉至行
中文關鍵字 金字塔底層  仿生設計  TRIZ  金字塔底層創新 
英文關鍵字 Bottom of the Pyramid (BoP)  Biomimics design  TRIZ  BoP Innovations 
學科別分類
中文摘要 隨著科技不斷進步、企業對於未開發市場的渴望以及人道精神的發揚,越來越多人將目光聚焦到資源較貧乏的地區。其中Prahalad教授將生活在該地區的民眾歸類在金字塔底層族群,對此區人民定義許多創新準則幫助他們脫離貧困。本研究整合仿生設計方法、TRIZ創新設計方法以及金字塔底層創新準則,並著眼於仿生設計的優點能適切對應在金字塔底層設計需求的特性,將仿生學的概念結合TRIZ,進而應用於金字塔底層族群。此外本研究亦將相關案例整理成金字塔底層創新資料庫,透過索引標籤與相似度計算,可以提供設計者產品創新設計案例與TRIZ創新準則之生物關鍵字,進而利用生物關鍵字的搜尋方法導引設計者設計符合金字塔底層需求的仿生創新設計。並發展適用於金字塔底層的產品檢核標準來評估該設計是否可運用於金字塔底層區域
本研究提出一套創新設計流程,透過物質場的概念替設計者釐清問題,結合TRIZ創新法則與金字塔底層創新資料庫產生生物關鍵字,並以關鍵字搜尋適合的生物案例作應用,再利用生物資源檢核法檢視此生物案例與設計問題的相關性,並檢視其具有的資源導引設計者產生仿生創新設計。最後則使用金字塔底層產品檢核標準評估該設計是否具有可行性。
英文摘要 With the progress of technology, eagerness for untapped markets from enterprises, promotion of the humanitarian spirit, the society gradually focus their attention on the regions suffering from resources deficiency. Dr.Prahalad described those who lives in these areas with a certain term "Bottom of the Pyramid (BoP)". He defined various innovative principles to aid them getting rid of the impoverished situation. This thesis will integrate Biomimetic design method, TRIZ theory and BOP innovative principles, make the characteristics of outstanding correspondence between the advantages of Biomimetic design and the needs of BoP design more specified, integrate the concepts of Biomimics into TRIZ theory, then proceed to BoP community application. This thesis collects related cases to form a BoP innovative database as well. Through the selection of index tags and the calculation of similarity with the existed cases, biomimetic keywords from TRIZ innovative principles are available for designers.
Designers are capable of using Biomimetic searching method with the keywords to guide themselves to have an innovative Biomimetic design which matches the needs of BoP. This thesis develops inspecting standard for BoP products to evaluate the design is applicable for BoP regions or not.
This thesis presents a progress of innovative design, which includes analyzing the difficulty through the ideas of Substance-Field Analysis, combining TRIZ innovative principles with BoP database to produce biomimetic keywords and leads to searching appropriate biological cases, inspecting the correlation between the biological cases and design problems with biological resources inspecting method to guild designers to generate innovative Biomimetic designations, and assessing the designation with standard for BoP products.
論文目次 摘要 I
Extended Abstract II
誌謝 VII
目錄 VIII
表目錄 XII
圖目錄 XIII
第一章 緒論 15
1.1 前言 15
1.2 文獻回顧 16
1.2.1金字塔底層相關文獻 16
1.2.2仿生設計應用與案例蒐集 17
1.2.3仿生設計方法 18
1.2.4 TRIZ方法 18
1.2.5 TRIZ結合仿生方法 19
1.2.6綠色創新設計方法 20
1.3 研究目的 21
1.4 本文架構 22
第二章 仿生設計案例之分類與資源分析 23
2.1 仿生學 23
2.2 仿生學分類 24
2.2.1材料仿生 25
2.2.2結構仿生 26
2.2.3能量仿生 27
2.2.4資訊仿生 28
2.2.5運動仿生 29
2.2.6分子仿生 30
第三章 創新方法介紹 32
3.1 詞彙關鍵字 32
3.1.1 動詞關鍵字 32
3.1.2形容詞關鍵字 34
3.1.3 Bridge Word 34
3.2 TRIZ方法 35
3.2.1物質場分析 36
3.2.2矛盾矩陣法 37
第四章 金字塔底層創新設計準則與方法 39
4.1金字塔底層創新設計準則 39
4.2 金字塔底層創新設計方法 43
4.2.1 金字塔底層創新流程 43
4.2.2 金字塔底層經濟改善計畫 45
4.2.3 金字塔底層工程解 45
4.3結合仿生設計於金字塔底層創新設計 47
第五章 運用仿生設計方法發展為金字塔底層族群之產品創新設計方法 49
5.1 產生關鍵字方法 49
5.1.1 根據問題敘述產生生物詞彙 49
5.1.2利用金字塔底層案例資料庫產生生物詞彙 50
5.1.3整合金字塔底層設計準則與TRIZ創新法則產生生物詞彙 77
5.2 搜尋生物案例 118
5.3 檢視生物資源 118
5.4 以金字塔底層創新標準檢視 119
第六章 案例演練 123
6.1案例演練一 123
6.1.1設計流程(I)-產生生物關鍵字 123
6.1.2設計流程(II)-搜尋生物案例與資源分析 124
6.1.3設計流程(III)-新設計 126
6.1.4設計流程(IV)-以金字塔底層創新評估標準分析 127
6.2案例演練二 129
6.2.1設計流程(I)-產生生物關鍵字 129
6.2.2設計流程(II)-搜尋生物案例與資源分析 130
6.2.3設計流程(III)-新設計 133
6.2.4設計流程(IV)-以金字塔底層創新評估標準分析 136
6.3案例演練三 137
6.3.1設計流程(I)-產生生物關鍵字 137
6.3.2設計流程(II)-搜尋生物案例與資源分析 139
6.3.3設計流程(III)-新設計 141
6.3.4設計流程(IV)-以金字塔底層創新評估標準分析 150
6.4小結 152
第七章 結論與建議 153
7.1 結論 153
7.2 未來建議 154
參考文獻 155
附錄A 39個TRIZ工程參數與中文釋義 163
附錄B TRIZ 矛盾矩陣 165
附錄C 40個TRIZ 發明法則 171
自述 174
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