||The Effect of Kinesiology Tape on The Badminton Lunge Performance After Calf Fatigue
||Department of BioMedical Engineering
||Vo Hoang Thuc Minh
Maximum voluntary isometric contraction
Kinesiology tape (KT) has been widely used in sports for performance improvements and injury prevention. Nevertheless, its effects are still controversial. Whether the underlying muscle architecture will change while applying kinesiology tape on fatigued muscle is unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in fascia thickness while applying KT with comparison to sham tape (ST) and no tape (NT) during maximum isometric ankle plantar flexion (MVIC) and badminton lunge performance before and after calf fatigue.
Fifteen healthy collegiate badminton players were recruited in this study which were excluded history of heart diseases, asthma, neurological impairment, musculoskeletal injuries nor allergic reactions to kinesiology tape, adhesive tape and ultrasound gel. This study was repeated measures design. During MVIC and lunge, an ultrasound scan of medial gastrocnemius was used to record the changes of muscle architecture included fascia thickness (FA), pennation angle (PA) and fascicle length (FL). All the tests were conducted in two conditions of muscle, fatigue and without fatigue. We hypothesized that kinesiology tape can thicken the fascia layer which leaded to a specific correlation among fascia thickness, pennation angle and fascicle length. This may lead to the benefits of KT after fatigue.
During maximum plantar flexion isometric contraction (MVIC), the results show there were no significant differences in FA, PA and FL among three taping methods either before or after fatigue. The correlations between fascia thickness and pennation angle occurring at rest without fatigue was negatively correlated (r(30) = -0.553, p = 0.032) and moderately negatively correlated (r(45) = -0.397, p = 0.030) in both fatigue and no fatigue conditions. However, there were strong positive correlation between fascia thickness and fascicle length in no fatigue, fatigue condition and the combined one at rest (r(30) = 0.653, p = 0.008; r(30) = 0.622, p = 0.013; and r(45) = 0.616, p = 0.000, respectively). The same positive correlation was found in fatigue condition and the combined condition at maximum force position (r(30) = 0.614, p = 0.015; and r(45) = 0.517, p = 0.003, respectively).
As for sport movement such as badminton lunge, fascia thickness was rated differently, χ2(2) = 6.533, p = 0.038 at beginning of eccentric phase; χ2(2) = 10.133, p = 0.006 at the transition between eccentric phase and concentric phase and χ2(2) = 6.533, p = 0.038 at the end of concentric phase. Also, fascicle length was observed to have a significant change at the transition between eccentric phase and concentric phase after fatigue (χ2(2) = 8.4, p = 0.015). The same as MVIC, it was the fatigue condition that there were positive correlations between fascia thickness and fascicle length at all three time point (r(15) = 0.569, p = 0.027; r(15) = 0.603, p = 0.017 and r(15) = 0.543, p = 0.036, respectively). And when combining two conditions, only at the beginning of eccentric phase and at the transition point that there were positive correlation happening in between fascia thickness and fascicle length (r(30) = 0.419, p = 0.021 and r(30) = 0.436, p = 0.016 respectively).
These are novel findings about the effects of KT on the underlying muscle architecture which provide valuable information for prevention sports injury and rehabilitation.
TABLE OF CONTENTS IV
LIST OF TABLES VII
LIST OF FIGURES VIII
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background. 1
1.1.1 The history and development of Badminton. 1
1.1.2 The attributions of badminton lunge performance 4
1.2 Calf muscle anatomy 6
1.3 Fascia continuum 7
1.4 Therapeutic Taping Methods 9
1.4.1 Elastic tape 9
1.4.2 Rigid tape 12
1.5 Research questions and Hypotheses 13
CHAPTER TWO MATERIALS AND METHODS 14
2.1 Participants 14
2.2 Apparatus 15
2.2.1 Dynamometer 15
2.2.2 Ultrasound system 15
2.2.3 Motion analysis system 16
2.2.4 Surface electromyography (sEMG) 18
2.2.5 Force platform 18
2.3 Experimental Design 19
2.3.1 Procedure 19
2.3.2 Fatigue protocol 21
2.3.3 Taping application 22
2.3 Data analysis 23
2.3.1 Muscle architecture measurement 23
2.3.2 Muscle activity measurement 25
2.3.3 Maximum voluntary isometric contraction 27
2.3.4 Badminton lunge movement 28
2.4 Statistical Analysis 30
CHAPTER THREE RESULTS 31
3.1 Fascia thickness 31
3.1.1 Maximum voluntary isometric contraction 31
3.1.2 Badminton lunge 32
3.2 Correlation with pennation angle and fascicle length 36
3.2.1 Maximum voluntary isometric contraction 36
3.2.2 Badminton lunge 39
3.3 The effect of taping methods on maximum voluntary isometric contraction 40
3.3.1 Isometric plantar flexion force 40
3.3.2 EMG 40
3.4 The effect of taping methods on badminton lunge 41
3.4.1 Eccentric phase 41
3.4.2 Concentric phase 42
3.4.3 EMG 43
3.4.4 Impulse force 44
CHAPTER FOUR DISCUSSiON 45
4.1 Muscle Architecture 45
4.1.1 Fascia thickness 45
4.1.2 Pennation angle and fascicle length 46
4.1.3 Interaction between fascia thickness and pennation angle and fascicle length 47
4.2 Kinesiology taping effect 48
4.2.1 Maximum voluntary isometric contraction 48
4.2.2 Lunge 48
4.3 Limitations 49
4.4 Future works 50
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSION 51
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