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系統識別號 U0026-2308202010011300
論文名稱(中文) 由標準化觀點探討時間資訊之互操作性設計-以土地管理模型資料為例
論文名稱(英文) A Standardization Perspective towards the In-teroperability of Temporal Information – An Ex-ample of Land Administration Domain Model
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 測量及空間資訊學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Geomatics
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 何昕宜
研究生(英文) Sin-Yi Ho
學號 P66084031
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 253頁
口試委員 指導教授-洪榮宏
口試委員-江渾欽
口試委員-蔡博文
中文關鍵字 土地管理  ISO 19152  三維地籍  時間觀點  LADM 
英文關鍵字 Land management  ISO 19152  3D cadastre  time perspective  LADM 
學科別分類
中文摘要 地籍為庶政之母,舉凡國家建設、民生經濟、財產保障等均係於此,因此地籍資料為國家必要之基本資料,正確之地籍資料確保民眾權益及國家經濟之發展。除經界範圍等空間資料外,地籍資料尚包括地權、地用、地價等屬性資料,地籍圖形與屬性資料之結合雖提供土地相關之描述,但缺少時間概念將會造成許多不必要之糾紛。有鑑於政府及民間單位對於地籍資料具有大量需求,依我國法規,地籍資料僅可由政府機關進行供應,透過地政機關建立良好之流通管道,確保地籍資料之內容、時效與品質獲得保障。
土地管理領域模型(LADM,Land Administration Domain Model)為國際標準組織ISO (International Organization for Standardization)在2012年所頒布之標準。LADM為抽象之概念參考模型(conceptual reference model),目的為建立國家與國家或國家與地區之間處理土地登記及交易之標準,此標準規定土地管理領域相關之標準化描述套件、類別內容及類別間之關係,並利用標準化字彙予以描述。具體之規劃範疇為描述「人」、「權利」及「宗地」等三個套件,並進一步關聯到紀錄空間資訊之子套件。LADM具有擴充及修改之彈性,各國可依照該國家之需求開發基於LADM之子標準套件或類別。不幸的是,該標準之時間紀錄僅包含開始時間及結束時間之屬性,而現今地籍愈來愈複雜,且我國政策之推動朝多目標地籍邁進,因此本研究之重點為發展標準時間記錄模式,以正確紀錄及判斷各領域資料描述狀態之時間範圍,自動使其具有時間品質之描述。
本研究由時間觀點切入,著重於探討地理資料之時間模式及服務流通架構,考量地理現象之時間特性及資料蒐集技術之限制後,設計地理資料標準化時間屬性描述之基本架構,並依此架構因應各類現象變化。透過本研究歸納之時間模式選擇決策樹,可引導使用者找出適合其地理資料特性所選用最佳之描述架構。為改善異質資料共享之互操作問題,本論文進一步分析決策樹中十種現象描述,規劃服務流通之整體架構,探討時間資料之位相關係及有效運作模式,最終透過結合跨域資料之整合及應用,以驗證本架構之可行性。
英文摘要 GIS is used for modeling the dynamics of earth phenomena. Geographic data is therefore the recordings of chosen applications at a specific time, regardless of whether the time information is recorded. As time changes, their positions, shapes, or attributes may change. Due to the lack of agreement on how temporal information is presented and recorded, how to deal with the heterogeneous design of time aspects from data collected by different domain stakeholders becomes a critical issue. Users processing the data without knowing the correct time may cause the analysis results to be meaningless and even totally wrong decisions. If there is no standard of time record, a large amount of data will not be able to exert its application value.
The focus of this study is to develop a standard temporal-based model, so as to correctly record and determine the valid time range of the data description status in each domain, automatically make it have a time quality description. The main method is to propose a decision tree which decided by four-phase design workflow with semantic considerations, summarize ten phenomenon descriptions. All scenarios are designed with specific time attributes and develop the overall structure of service sharing, explore the topology and effective operation mode of temporal data, and finally through the integration and application of cross-domain data to verify the feasibility of this framework.
According to the standardized temporal record framework proposed in this paper, the LADM profile can be more flexibly applied to Taiwan cadastral management, effectively controlling the description of historical states and the relationship between different versions.
論文目次 目錄
摘要 I
Abstract III
誌謝 XIII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 研究動機與目的 4
1-3 研究流程與方法 8
1-4 論文架構 10
第二章 文獻回顧 11
2-1 地理資訊之時間模式 11
2-1-1 時間模式之探討 12
2-1-2 資料庫之時間紀錄種類 15
2-1-3 時空模型之相關研究 17
2-2 地籍資料概念模型之演進 18
2-2-1 LADM發展歷史 19
2-2-2 時間概念描述 23
2-3 各國LADM國家子標準探討 25
2-3-1 荷蘭 26
2-3-2 澳洲 29
2-3-3 南韓 31
2-3-4 馬來西亞 35
2-3-5 克羅埃西亞 38
2-3-6 波蘭 42
2-3-7 印尼 45
2-4 各國LADM之比較探討 49
2-5 臺灣LADM子標準發展現況 54
第三章 標準化觀點之時間模式發展 57
3-1 標準化之時間描述方式 59
3-1-1 時間內容展示及參考系統 59
3-1-2 時間概念模式 61
3-1-3 時間解析度 62
3-1-4 時間表示方式 64
3-1-5 時間位相 66
3-2 標準化之時間對象設計 72
3-2-1 時間紀錄種類 72
3-2-2 時間語意 73
3-3 具語意考量之屬性設計程序 78
第四章 我國地籍測量應用LADM子標準之架構設計 95
4-1 VersionedObject之紀錄模式評估及各類別時間概念 95
4-1-1 LADM各類別之時間特性 95
4-1-2 VersionedObject之紀錄模式限制 107
4-1-3 LADM各類別之時間情形分析 110
4-2 我國土地及建物複丈程序 119
4-2-1 土地複丈 119
4-2-2 建物複丈 126
4-3 我國土地及建物複丈之時間概念 133
4-3-1 土地複丈之時間概念 133
4-3-2 建物複丈之時間概念 144
4-3-3 當前問題與挑戰 154
4-4 臺灣地籍子標準之時間概念 155
4-4-1 臺灣地籍子標準之時間屬性設計 155
4-4-2 臺灣地籍子標準時間概念之運作 160
第五章 測試分析 166
5-1 實作系統測試 166
5-1-1 運作環境 166
5-1-2 測試資料 167
5-2 單一事件案例分析 173
5-2-1 案例資料時間特性說明 174
5-2-2 單一事件案例情境測試實際操作 178
5-3 多事件單一主題分析 184
5-3-1 案例資料時間特性說明 185
5-3-2 多事件單一主題案例情境測試實際操作 199
5-4 服務流通規劃與分析 206
5-5 跨域應用服務流通案例分析 218
5-5-1 測試資料時間特性說明 218
5-5-2 跨域應用資料實際測試 226
第六章 結論與建議 232
參考文獻 235
附錄A、各國LADM Profile 243
附錄B、屬性設計代碼表 (Code lists) 253

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