進階搜尋


下載電子全文  
系統識別號 U0026-2308201716142400
論文名稱(中文) 探究社區賦權之社區設計過程-以康家百年聚落為例
論文名稱(英文) Exploring a Community Design Process for Community Empowerment - Experience from Kang’s Historical Village
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 創意產業設計研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Creative Industries Design
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 高晨皓
研究生(英文) Chen-Hao Kao
學號 PA6031088
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 124頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊佳翰
口試委員-劉世南
口試委員-陳世明
中文關鍵字 社區賦權  行動研究  社區設計 
英文關鍵字 community empowerment  action research  community design 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究目的在於了解社區達到社區賦權所需具備之元素,以及其相互運作之關係,並歸納出各因素在社區設計歷程中所扮演的角色以及功能。本研究以康家百年聚落為研究對象,因其位於台南市政府規劃之大目降文化園區內,不僅擁有珍貴的自然資源,更同時擁有其他聚落少見的珍貴文化資源。藉由參與康家百年聚落的社區設計歷程,將可由更多元的面向切入並加以探討,藉此獲取更客觀之研究結果。

本研究將聚焦於康家百年聚落再利用之過程,以社區設計之觀點對拾荒流針對康家百年聚落所舉辦之一系列活動進行行動研究,並藉由參與者研究以及深度訪談等方法收集質化資料。

研究發現,康家百年聚落內之社區設計歷程可分為四階段,其中包含十二項影響社區賦權之因素。在進一步與其成效進行交互分析後,我們將可了解各影響因素在活動中所扮演之角色與功能,以提供新化區一套可參考之活動方針。

由於社區設計主要採取由下而上之設計方式,該方針將能夠更適切地融合當地資源並凝聚當地居民之共識,進而達到社區永續發展。此外,該活動方針亦可提供給其他對於社區設計具有熱忱之組織或機構。
英文摘要 The purpose of this study is to knowledge required elements when a community wants to achieve community empowerment. This study takes Kang’s historical village in Tainan as example. Kang’s historical village is located in Sinhua district in southern Tainan. Kang’s historical village used to be a prosperous transportation hub in Japanese-occupied period. Nowadays, Kang’s historical village is planned by Tainan City Government as Tavocan Cultural Park, containing rich cultural resources and treasurable natural resources. By participating in the process of community design in Kang’s historical village, will help us to investigate and observe from various perspectives, and acquire more objective research results.

This study will focus on how they revive Kang’s historical village through a series of activity from community design perspective. This research will observe and generalize required elements by using action research with participant observation and in-depth interview method in order to collect qualitative data. The research finding reveals that there are four phases of community design process in Kang’s historical village and twelve influencing factors existing in the process. After analyzing the relationship between factors and effect of activities, we will provide Kang’s historical village a referable guideline. Because community design is manipulated from bottom to top, this guideline will more suitable to connect local resources and consensus of local residents. Therefore, this guideline can also be provided to other organizations who are interested in community design.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
Contents III
Table Contents V
Figure Contents VI
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Research Background 1
1.2 Research Motivation 2
1.3 Research Objectives 3
1.4 Research Questions 3
Chapter 2 Literature Review 4
2.1 Concept of Community Development 4
2.2 Community Empowerment 5
2.2.1 Model of Community Empowerment 6
2.2.2 Factors Influencing Community Empowerment 9
2.3 Emergence of Community Design 12
2.3.1 Participatory Design 12
2.3.2 Recent Development of Community Design 13
2.4 Citizen Participation 14
2.4.1 Ladder of Citizen Participation 14
2.4.2 Advantage and Disadvantage of Citizen Participation 17
2.4.3 Indicators of Citizen Participation 18
Chapter 3 Methodology 19
3.1 Research Design 19
3.1.1 Research Framework 19
3.1.2 Action Research 20
3.2 Research Target 21
3.3 Research Method 22
3.3.1 In-depth Interview 22
3.3.2 Focus Group 23
3.3.3 Participant Observation 23
Ch4 Case Study of Kang’s Historical Village 25
4.1 Historical development of Kang’s historical village 25
4.2 Stakeholders in Kang’s historical village development 28
4.3 Challenge of Kang’s historical village 31
4.4 Current community design in Kang’s historical village 33
Ch5 Research Result 38
5.1 Data Collection in Field Study 38
5.2 Factors influencing community empowerment 41
5.3 Influencing factors in different phases of community design 43
5.4 Community design process for reaching community empowerment 62
5.5 External role in community design process 66
Ch6 Discussion and Conclusion 69
6.1 Discussion 69
6.1.1 Community design process……………………………………………………………….…….…69
6.1.2 Influencing factors in community design process 72
6.1.3 External role in community design process 74
6.2 Research suggestions and implications 75
6.3 Research limitation and future study 76
6.4 Conclusion 77
References 79
Appendixes 82
參考文獻 Evan D.G. Fraser, Andrew J. Dougill, Warren E. Mabee, Mark Reed, Patrick McAlpine.
(2006). Bottom up and top down: Analysis of participatory processes for sustainability indicator identification as a pathway to community empowerment and sustainable environmental management. Journal of Environmental Management, Vol 78, 114–127.
Eduardo E. Lozano. (1990). Community Design and the Culture of Cities: The Crossroad
and the Wall. Cambridge University Press.
Danhui You, (1998). Long-term results of user participation in housing rehabilitation : the
Community Design Workshop in Pointe St. Charles.
Cliff Hague. (2003). Participatory Planning for Sustainable Communities. Online at:
http://www.odpm.gov.uk/stellent/groups/odpm_planning/documents/page/odpm_plan_023784.hcsp#P50_6187 (Accessed 2 May 2016).
David W. (1986). Sense of Community: A Definition and Theory. Journal of Community
Psychology, Vol 14.
Andrew L. (2003). The Impact of Community Design and Land-Use Choices on Public
Health: A Scientific Research Agenda. American Journal of Public Health, Vol 93, No 9.
Richard C. (1995). Citizen participation and empowerment the case of local environmental
hazards. American Journal of Community Psychology, Vol 23, No 5.

Stephen B. (1995). Using Empowerment Theory in Collaborative Partnerships for
Community Health and Development. American Journal of Community Psychology. Vol 23, No 5.
Community Development Exchange (CDX). (2008). What is Community Empowerment?
Edward Bernstein. (1994). Introduction to Community Empowerment, Participatory Education, and Health. Health Education Quarterly.

King, C. S. & Stivers, C.(1998). Citizens and Administrators: Roles and Relationships. In
King, C. S., & C. Stivers, Government Is Us: Public Administration in anAnti-Government Era(pp.49-67).
Glenn Laverack. (2001). Measuring community empowerment: A fresh look at
organizational domains.
Kathleen E. (2003). Assessing the Effects of Public Participation. Public Administration
Review, Vol 63, No 5.
Renee A. (2004). Citizen Participation in Decision Making: Is It Worth the Effort? Public
Administration Review, Vol 64, No 1.
Lucius Botes . (2000). Community participation in development: nine plagues and twelve
commandments. COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT JOURNAL Vol 35, No 1, 41–58.
Thomas Webler. (2000). FAIRNESS AND COMPETENCE IN CITIZEN
PARTICIPATION Theoretical ReflectionsFrom a Case Study. ADMINISTRATION & SOCIETY, Vol 32, No 5, 566-595.
Arnstein R. (1969). A Ladder of Citizen Participation. JAIP, Vol 35, No 4, 216-224.
Moote, Margaret A., and Mitchel P. McClaran. (1997). Viewpoint: Implications of
Participatory Democracy for Public Land Planning. Journal of Range Management 50(5), 473–81.
King, Cheryl S., Kathryn M. Feltey, and Bridget O. Susel. (1998). The Question of
Participation: Toward Authentic Public Par- ticipation in Public Administration. Public Administration Review 58(4), 317–27.
Cortner, Hanna. (1996). Public Involvement and Interaction. In Natural Resource Management:
The Human Dimension, ed- ited by Alan W. Ewert, 167–80.
柯于璋(2009)。〈從公民治理的觀點論台灣參與式社區規劃之課題與展望〉。《台灣土地
研究》,12(1),125-151。
Randolph T. Hester , Jr.著,張聖琳譯,(1999)。「造坊有理」- 社區設計的夢想與實驗,台
北市,遠流出版。
Frederick D. Jarvis 著,胡太山、李少甫譯,(2000)。基地規劃與社區設計,新竹市,建
都文化事業。
Chaskin, R. J., P. Brown, S. Venkateshand & A. Vidal. (2001). Building Community Capacity.
Foth, M. Network Action Research. Action Research, 4 (2). 205-226. 

Kay, A.(2006). Social Capital: The Social Economy and Community Development.
Community Development Journal, 41(2), 160-173.

Kelly, Eric D., Barbara Becker, and Eric Damian Kelly(2000), Community Planning: An
Introduction to the Comprehensive Plan. Island Press.
Sanoff, Henry(2000), Community Participation Methods in Design and Planning, NY:
John Wiley & Sons.
Abbott, J. (1995). Community participation and its relationship to community development,
Community Development Journal, vol. 30, no. 2, 158-168.
McMillan, D.W. and D.M. Chavis. (1986). Sense of Community:A definition and theory,
Journal of Community Psychology, vol. 14, no. 1, 6-23.
Axup, J. and Viller, S. (2005). Formative Research Methods For The Extremely Mobile:
Supporting Community Interaction Amongst Backpackers. Appropriate Methods for Design in Complex and Sensitive Settings. 

Fawcett SB, Paine-Andrews A, Francisco VT, Schultz JA, Richter KP, Lewis RK, Williams
EL, Harris KJ, Berkley JY, Fisher JL, Lopez. (1995). Using empowerment theory in collaborative partnerships for community health. American Journal of Community Psychology 23, 677-697
Perkins DD, Zimmerman MA. (1995). Empowerment theory research and application.
American Journal of Community Psychology 23(5), 569-579.
Haglund B, Weisbrod RR, Bracht N. (1990). Assessing the community: Its services needs
leadership and readiness, in Bracht N, Health Promotion at the Community Level.
Butterfoss F, Goodman RM, Wandersman A, Valois R, Chinman M. (1996). The plan quality
index: An empowerment evaluation tool for measuring and improving the quality of plans, in Fetterman D, Kaftarian S, Wandersman A. (eds.): Empowerment Evaluation Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage, 304-331.
Bracht N, Kingsbury L. (1990) Community organization principles in health promotion: A five-
stage model, in Bracht N, Health Promotion at the Community Level.
陳其南,(1995)。社區總體營造的意義,台北,行政院文化建設委員會。
文化環境基金會,(1999)。臺灣社區總體營造的軌跡,台北市,行政院文化建設委員會。
夏鑄九,(1999)。市民參與和地方自主性:1990年代臺灣的社區營造,城市與設計學報,
9-10,175-185
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2017-08-30起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2017-08-30起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw