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系統識別號 U0026-2307201800282800
論文名稱(中文) 都市開放空間系統與高齡者身心健康關聯性初探─以高雄市鹽埕區為例
論文名稱(英文) The Preliminary Study of the Possible Relationship Between Urban Open Space System and Residents' Health Outcome: A Case Study of Yancheng District, Kaohsiung
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 何佳瑾
研究生(英文) Jia-Jin He
學號 P26051022
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 96頁
口試委員 口試委員-孔憲法
口試委員-石豐宇
口試委員-陳香綾
口試委員-周學雯
指導教授-趙子元
中文關鍵字 都市開放空間  高齡者  歐洲五維度健康量表(EQ-5D)  身體質量指數(BMI)  身體活動 
英文關鍵字 Urban planning systems  Elderly  EQ-5D  BMI  Physical activity 
學科別分類
中文摘要 都市計畫工具應該隨著時代的潮流改變,以回應居民不斷變化的需求,過去在建成環境與健康方面的相關研究,又多以開放空間為主軸進行討論,然人口快速老化是臺灣近年極為嚴峻的議題,在2015年臺灣老化指數已正式突破100,顯現未來對高齡者社會福利的負擔將越發沉重,然以高齡者為主要研究對象的討論仍主要為國外相關文獻。
本研究首先透過文獻回顧與分析,針對開放空間、高齡者之身體活動與身心健康三大主題進行交叉討論,選取高雄市鹽埕區內都市計畫法定開放空間面積比例最多的光明里與最少的藍橋里進行問卷調查,問卷內容包含受訪者活動習慣、運動場所選擇偏好與個人背景資料,其身心健康狀態則透過身體質量指數(BMI)與歐洲五維度健康量表(EQ-5D)判定,並建立六大研究假設,透過實證研究之248份有效問卷進行敘述統計、關聯性分析與迴歸分析,進一步探討開放空間、高齡者身體活動與健康之關聯。
實證研究結果顯示,都市計畫法定開放空間面積確實與高齡者之活動行為及其健康結果有顯著關聯,但是其相關性均分別呈現負相關,與過去相關研究有不同的結果,回應本研究之核心議題,都市計畫開放空間的設置對於民眾之身體活動行為與健康結果並無正面效益,而現行都市計畫法制與土管相關規定中,卻是以量作為檢視空間品質唯一標準,在本研究結果中發現,研究地區中擁有較少法定開放空間的里,高齡者可能會進而尋求其他可以進行身體活動的空間,相較於都市計畫開放空間的設施配置,這些空間似乎更可以達到高齡者健康促進之效益,因此過去對於開放空間之設置或檢討標準,應考量其他具有類似空間特性的場所,以提升相關建設成本的經濟效率與效益。
英文摘要 In recent decades, many studies had claimed that green spaces have positive effects on human health, and thus more and more cities around the world began their pursuit of the greatest possible amount of green space within urban areas through urban planning approach. To this end, we would like to find out other important factors for urban dwellers’ usage behaviors of green spaces. Through our preliminary research, we collected and analyzed the official data of planned open space coverages, average life expectancy, exercise frequency and obesity ratio in all cities of Taiwan. Through our preliminary research, we collected and analyzed the official data of planned open space coverages, average life expectancy, exercise frequency and obesity ratio in all cities of Taiwan. The study result indicates an interesting finding that Kaohsiung city, the second largest city in Taiwan, tells a completely different story. Citizens in Kaohsiung city have more open spaces than any other city through urban planning, yet have the relatively unhealthy condition in contrary. Furthermore, we take Kaohsiung city, Yangchen District as a case study area to conduct statistical analysis first followed by a questionnaire survey to gain a better understanding. The results show that the amount of the open spaces in urban planning system does have the potential to promote people to do physical activities, but shows the negative correlation between health outcomes. Finally, we aim to feedback our findings to the current planning system in Taiwan for better health promotion in urbanized areas.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節、研究動機 1
第二節、研究目的 3
第三節、研究流程 4
第四節、名詞定義 5
壹、開放空間 5
貳、高齡者 5
參、健康 6
第二章 文獻回顧 9
第一節、都市開放空間系統 9
壹、都市開放空間分類 9
貳、國內開放空間劃設標準 11
參、國外開放空間劃設標準 13
第二節、開放空間與都市居民之身心健康 16
壹、開放空間與身體健康 16
貳、開放空間與心理健康 17
参、身體活動與身心健康之量測方法 20
第三節、開放空間對高齡者身體活動之影響因素 26
第四節、小結 28
第三章 研究設計 29
第一節、先期研究 29
第二節、研究範圍界定 36
第三節、研究對象 43
第四節、研究方法 44
壹、文獻分析法 44
貳、資料庫分析法 44
參、問卷調查與分析 45
第五節、研究假設 51
壹、組間差異之研究假設 51
貳、關聯分析之研究假設 52
第六節、研究限制 53
第四章 實證分析 54
第一節、問卷調查 54
壹、敘述性統計分析 54
貳、迴歸分析 67
參、關聯分析 69
第二節、研究假設驗證與綜合討論 80
壹、研究假設驗證 80
貳、綜合討論 83
第五章 結論與建議 86
第一節、結論 86
壹、研究發現 86
貳、研究成果 87
第二節、開放空間規劃工具與制度之相關修正建議 89
第三節、後續研究建議 90
參考文獻 91
附錄一、2015年高雄市都市計畫法定開放空間面積 I
附錄二、問卷內容 III
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相關資料來源網站
高雄市都市發展重要統計指標查詢http://kcgdg.kcg.gov.tw/pxweb2007p/dialog/treelist/folder.htm
中華民國統計資訊網http://www.stat.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=15408&CtNode=3623&mp=4
中華民國內政部營建署,營建統計年報,2015。http://www.cpami.gov.tw/chinese/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=27509&Itemid=102
教育部體育署,104年運動城市調查,(2015)http://www.sa.gov.tw/wSite/ct?xItem=23278&ctNode=1139&mp=11
教育部體育署,106年運動現況調查,(2017) https://goo.gl/j5mqL2
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