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系統識別號 U0026-2307201510255000
論文名稱(中文) 俄文и ‘and’ 連接詞的功能及其中文和英文翻譯:基於語料庫的研究
論文名稱(英文) A Corpus-Based Study on a Russian Conjunction и ‘and’ and its Equivalent Expressions in English and Mandarin Chinese Translations
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 外國語文學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Foreign Languages & Literature
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 阿遼娜
研究生(英文) Alena Kulikova
電子信箱 alena.a.kulikova@gmail.com
學號 R66017028
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 130頁
口試委員 指導教授-李惠琦
口試委員-王本瑛
口試委員-洪媽益
中文關鍵字 並列結構  連接詞  語料分析  翻譯  俄英中對比 
英文關鍵字 coordination  conjunction  corpus analysis  translation  Russian-English-Chinese 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究主要在探討俄文連接詞i ‘and’(俄文: “и”)的功能。此外,我们也探討這些功能是否在俄中與俄英譯文得到體現。
有關俄文連接詞i的研究大多數集中在名詞之間的連接詞(Andreyewsky 1973, Chaves & Paperno 2007, Osborne 2009, Paperno 2012等)。本研究探討子句與子句之間的連接詞用法。
I連接詞基本的功能是「對等連接詞」(coordinate conjunction)。它也會帶有附加意義(Shvedova et al. 1980; Vinogradov 2001)。有些語言學家說多義性不是聯結詞本身的特徵,而是上下文隱含的或其他語言因素表示的意思(例如,Sannikov 2008)。 不能否認的是,由i連接的子句特點是它們之間邏輯關係的多樣性。
我們使用兩種語料庫檢查i在並列複合句中的用法與意義。
第一,我們綜合語言學家與詞典對i表示的語義關係做的分類,也分析「俄語國家語料庫」中i的用法。第二,我們分析 “Anna Karenina” (Leo Tolstoy)的俄英(譯者:一、Garnett, 二、Maude)與俄中(譯者:一、力岡,二、周揚)的翻譯以檢查俄語i的語義和語用上的功能是怎麼在目標文保存的。我們同意Degand (2009)的意見:翻譯可用於理解一詞多義的話語標記(p. 173)。
因為英文and聯結詞也有很多不同的功能(Caron 1999; Sweet 2005; de Vos 2007等),and是i翻譯中最常用的對等詞。相比之下,俄中翻譯會用更多對等詞。因為中文的並列複合句一般是「無連詞的」(asyndetic) (Eifring 1995), 在翻譯中普通的i會被省略。但是如果i帶有附加意義,中文翻譯會用顯性的連詞來表達語篇中隱含的邏輯關係。
我們希望這項研究成果將有助於俄語教學和俄語學生。我們分析結果也可以應用到翻譯研究中。
英文摘要 The study aimed: first, to investigate functions of a Russian connective i ‘and’ (Cyrillic: ‘и’) when used in an inter-clausal and inter-sentential position; second, to analyze how these functions are represented in corresponding English and Mandarin Chinese translations.
While i-structures with coordinate noun phrase constituents have received a lot of attention among Russian and overseas scholars (for example, Andreyewsky 1973, Chaves & Paperno 2007, Osborne 2009, Paperno 2012, etc.), this thesis places the main focus on i-coordination of clauses and sentences, which has been under-investigated.
Conjunction i has been claimed to be polysemous and carrying various additional meanings along with its main function of expressing coordinative relations in their pure form (Shvedova et al. 1980; Vinogradov 2001). Some scholars argue that assumed polysemy is not a feature of the conjunction itself but rather arises from the surrounding context and other linguistic factors (for instance, Sannikov 2008). In either case, diversity of possible relations between i-coordinated clauses and sentences cannot be denied and constitutes one of the tasks to be solved by a translator.
Consequently, corpora of two types – monolingual and translation – were examined.
First, we provided an overview of previous accounts on i functions in lexicographic and other sources, followed by analysis of a sample from National Corpus of Russian Language in an attempt to finalize previous classifications and gain a full summary of non-classical readings of i. Second, we investigated Russian-English (by Constance Garnett and by Louise and Aylmer Maude) and Russian-Chinese (by Li Gang and by Chou Yang) translations of Leo Tolstoy’s “Anna Karenina” in order to see how and whether semantic and pragmatic functions of Russian i-constructions were transferred to a target text. We are guided by Degand’s (2009) claim that “translation data can be used to gain insight into the meaning of polysemous discourse markers” (p. 173).
Due to multi-functional and polysemous nature of English and (Caron 1999, Sweet 2005, de Vos 2007, etc.), it is the most frequent equivalent for i to be applied by translators. More variety can be observed in Russian-Chinese translation. While i in its main function as a simple coordinator is likely to be omitted in translation considering that asyndetic coordination is more preferred in Mandarin Chinese (Eifring 1995), in case when i has an additional meaning, conjunctions are added in the target text in order to explicitate implied discourse relations.
We believe that the results obtained from this study will contribute to a better understanding of Russian i-constructions by teachers and students learning Russian as a second language. Our analysis results will also find application in translation studies.
論文目次 ABSTRACT (CHINESE) ii
ABSTRACT (ENGLISH) iv
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS vi
TABLE OF CONTENTS vii
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ix
LIST OF TABLES x
LIST OF FIGURES xi
LIST OF APPENDICES xi
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Motivation and purpose 1
1.2 Research questions and the scope of the study 2
1.3 Definition of terms 3
1.4 Organization of the thesis 4
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 5
2.1 Introduction 5
2.2 Coordination 5
2.2.1 Coordination on the syntax level 6
2.2.2 Coordination on the semantic level 7
2.2.3 Coordination on the pragmatic level 9
2.3 Coordination in English and Mandarin Chinese 11
2.3.1 English 11
2.3.2 Mandarin Chinese 12
2.4 Translation of Russian i 15
2.4.1 Function words in translation studies 15
2.4.2 Translation equivalents of i in English and Mandarin Chinese 21
CHAPTER THREE OVERVIEW OF RUSSIAN I ‘AND’24
3.1 Introduction 24
3.1.1 I as a conjunction 24
3.1.2 I as a particle 25
3.1.3 I as an interjection 26
3.2 Previous accounts of i functions 27
3.2.1 Lexicographic accounts of i 27
3.2.2 Textbook and other accounts of i 32
3.2.3 “Polysemy” of i 38
3.3 Corpus investigation 41
3.3.1 Data collection and analysis 42
3.3.2 Results 43
3.4 Summary 59
CHAPTER FOUR METHODOLOGY 62
4.1 Data 62
4.1.1 Overview 62
4.1.2 Selection of target texts 63
4.2 Data Analysis 65
CHAPTER FIVE RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 67
5.1 Overview 67
5.2 Omission of i in TT and variables affecting it 68
5.2.1 Independent variable III: type of coordination constituents 69
5.2.2 Independent variable IV: type of relation between coordinated constituents 70
5.2.3 Interaction between independent variables III & IV 72
5.3 Translation equivalents of i 78
5.3.1 Overview 78
5.3.2 Translation of inter-clausal i 83
5.3.3 Translation of inter-sentential i 93
5.4 Conclusion 97
CHAPTER SIX CONCLUSION 99
6.1 Summary of results and implications 99
6.2 Limitations of the study and future research prospects 100
REFERENCES 103
APPENDIX 1 112
APPENDIX 2 128
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