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系統識別號 U0026-2307201121563100
論文名稱(中文) 不同身體活動量老年人執行視覺空間注意力之認知電生理表現—以軟式網球運動為例
論文名稱(英文) Cognitive Electrophysiological Performance on Visual Spatial Attention between Older Adults with Different Levels of Physical Activity—Using Soft Tennis as an example
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 體育健康與休閒研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 曾鈺婷
研究生(英文) Yu-Ting Tseng
學號 RB6984023
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 86頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡佳良
口試委員-潘倩玉
口試委員-張育愷
中文關鍵字 身體活動量  軟式網球運動  老年人  認知  事件相關電位 
英文關鍵字 physical activity  soft tennis  elderly  cognition  event-realted potential 
學科別分類
中文摘要 目的:本研究目的是以認知電生理的方式來探討規律從事軟式網球運動之高身體活動量與非規律從事軟式網球運動之低身體活動量的男性老年人在執行Posner視覺空間注意力作業情境上的差異。方法:受試者為20位高身體活動量(規律從事軟式網球運動)與20位低身體活動量之60-69歲男性老年人。全部受試者皆:(1)藉由簡式智能量表測量後發現其認知功能皆為正常,並利用七日身體活動回憶量表確認兩組受試者之身體活動量。(2)皆執行外因性視覺空間注意力作業測試,提示線索與反應目標物的時間間隔為500毫秒。(3)執行作業情境時利用腳踏板踩踏紀錄反應時間,並同步收錄腦波的電生理數據。統計方式是以重覆量數變異數分析方式,分析行為表現(反應時間、錯誤率)以及事件相關電位結果(成份波:N1、N2、P3),顯著水準訂為p < .05。結果:本研究發現:高身體活動量組與低身體活動量組在反應時間、錯誤率及事件相關電位之成分波N1、N2及P3潛時無顯著差異。不過,高身體活動量組比低身體活動量組有較大的P3振幅。結論:雖然行為表現上高、低身體活動量之組間未達顯著差異,但在認知電生理表現上,高身體活動量之男性老年人有之枕葉及頂葉皮質活化程度較大。因此,本研究發現,相較於低身體活動量組,規律從事軟式網球運動之高身體活動量老年人在執行視覺空間注意力認知作業時,有較佳的注意力資源表現。
英文摘要 Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the event-related potentials (ERPs) measures in elderly with different levels of physical activity when performing a Posner visuospatial attention task. Methods: Twenty high-active (engaging soft tennis) and 20 low-active age-matched elderly participants were recruited from senior community centers. All participants were: 1) identified from the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and eligible participants were then differentiated into two groups on the basis of their physical activity level from the seven-day physical activity recall questionnaire; 2) tested on the visuo-spatial attention paradigm by central cues appeared at the center of the screen with the stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) of 500ms; 3) detected and responded to laterally presented reaction signals via stepping pedals with their bilateral lower limbs as soon as possible when performing the task while recorded brain ERPs simultaneously. The results of the behavioral (i.e., RT, error rate) and ERP (i.e., N1, N2 and P3 components) performance were subjected separately to repeated measures ANOVA. The level of significance was set at .05. Result: In the RT, error rate, N1, N2 components and P3 latency, there were no significant difference between the high and low levels of physically active group. However, In terms of P3 amplitude, the higher physically active group had larger than the lower one. Conclusion: Although the behavioral result did not show significant difference between the high and low levels of physically active group, the electrophysiological signals revealed better brain activation performance on the occipital and parietal lobe in the high-active elderly. Our findings suggested that, when performing the visuo-spatial attention task, the older adults with highly physical activity exhibited superior attentional abilities compared to the low-active counterparts.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 5
第三節 研究假設 5
第四節 名詞解釋 5
第五節 研究範圍 7
第六節 研究限制 7
第貳章 文獻探討 9
第一節 認知與老化 9
第二節 視覺空間注意力 11
第三節 健身運動及身體活動對認知與認知神經功能之影響 14
第四節 網球運動之特性 20
第五節 七日身體活動量表(7-day physical activity recall, 7day PAR) 21
第六節 簡式智能量表(Mini-mental state examination, MMSE) 22
第七節 總結 23
第参章 研究方法與步驟 24
第一節 研究對象 24
第二節 研究工具 24
第三節 研究設計與架構 26
第四節 實驗方法與步驟 27
第五節 資料處理 29
第六節 統計分析 30
第肆章 研究結果 32
第一節 受試者基本資料 32
第二節 Posner外因性視覺空間注意力之行為表現資料 34
第三節 Posner外因性視覺空間注意力之事件相關電位資料結果 37
第伍章 討論 54
第一節 行為表現 55
第二節 大腦事件相關電位 57
第陸章 結論與建議 65
第一節 結論 65
第二節 未來研究建議 65
參考文獻 67
一、中文部分 67
二、西文部分 68
附錄一:受試者同意書 83
附錄二:簡式智能檢測量表(Mini-Mental State Examination,MMSE) 84
附錄三:七日身體活動量表 (7-day physical activity recall, 7day PAR) 85
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