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系統識別號 U0026-2307201012143700
論文名稱(中文) 大學生完美主義的因素結構及其與憂鬱症狀和強迫症狀之關係
論文名稱(英文) Multidimensional Structure of Perfectionism and its Relationship with Depressive and Obessive-Cumpulsive Symptoms in Taiwan College Students.
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 行為醫學研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Behavioral Medicine
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生(中文) 陳正嘉
研究生(英文) Cheng-Chia Chen
學號 s8696109
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 71頁
口試委員 指導教授-柯慧貞
口試委員-董旭英
口試委員-林以正
中文關鍵字 大學生  多向度完美主義量表  信度  效度  憂鬱症狀  強迫症狀 
英文關鍵字 College students  Multidimensional Perfectionism (CMPS)  Reliability  Validity  Depressive Symptoms  Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms 
學科別分類
中文摘要 摘要
研究目的:
本研究旨在探討多向度完美主義量表之因素結構,及其與憂鬱症狀和強迫症狀之關係;研究驗證Frost的六向度完美主義建構與二因素次層結構。六向度及次層二因素與憂鬱症狀和強迫症狀之關係,則根據過去文獻分別假設「過度在乎錯誤」、「對行動的懷疑」、「父母批評」及「父母期望」分量表分數,與強迫症狀或憂鬱症狀量尺分數呈低度相關;「個人標準」分量表分數與憂鬱症狀分數及強迫症狀量尺分數呈正相關;而「組織性」分量表分數與憂鬱症狀或強迫症狀分數則無關。

研究方法:
利用柯慧貞主持之國科會研究資料庫進行分析,該研究乃透過分層叢集取樣,由南區大專校院大學生抽樣有效樣本2,190名;自填中文版多向度完美主義量表、柯氏憂鬱量表及身心健康評估量表。

研究結果:
全量表內部一致性為 .938,分量表內部一致性介於 .736~ .903,六向度建構及二次層因素建構適配度指標良好,量表各因素與憂鬱症狀及強迫症狀之關係亦支持上述假設。

研究結論:
中文版多向度完美主義量表具良好之信效度,並支持Frost的六向度完美主義建構與二因素次層結構模型。

關鍵詞:大學生、多向度完美主義量表、信度、效度、憂鬱症狀、強迫症狀
英文摘要 Abstract
Purpose:
The aims of the study were to examine the reliability and validity of the “Chinese Version of Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale”(CMPS), to examine the model of six dimensions of perfectionism with two second-order factors, which was proposed by Frost and the relationships among six dimensions, two second-order factors, depressive symptoms and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Based on literature review, the following hypotheses were examined. The subscales scores of “Concern over Mistakes”, “Doubting of Action”, “Parental Expectation”, and “Parental Criticism” would have positive relationships to both the depressive and obsessive-compulsive symptom scores. The “Personal Standard” subscale scores would show low relationships to the depressive and obsessive-compulsive symptoms scores. The “Organization” subscale scores would not be correlated with either depressive or obsessive-compulsive symptom scores.

Methods:
By stratified and cluster sampling, a total of 2,190 college students were recruited from southern Taiwan. The CMPS, Ko Depression Inventory and Symptoms Check List-90-R were administered.

Results:
The results showed the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was .938 for the CMPS and ranged within between .736 and .903 for the subscales. Moreover, the model of six dimensions of perfectionism with two-second factors had good model-fit evaluations. In addition, all of the hypotheses were supported.
Conclusions:
The CMPS was a reliable and valid measurement on perfectionism. Moreover the Frost’s model of six dimensions of perfectionism with two second-order structure was supported.

Key words: College students, Multidimensional Perfectionism (CMPS), Reliability, Validity, Depressive Symptoms, Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms
論文目次 目錄
第一章、研究背景‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 1
第一節、序論‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 1
第二節、完美主義理論與測量工具發展之歷史沿革‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 2
一、單向度完美主義之理論及其測量工具‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 2
二、雙向度完美主義之理論及其測量工具‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 4
三、多向度完美主義之理論及其測量工具‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 6
第三節、多向度完美主義與憂鬱及強迫症狀之關係‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 11
一、多向度完美主義與憂鬱症狀之關係‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 11
二、多向度完美主義與強迫症狀之關係‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 13
第四節、研究目的與假設‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 16

第二章、研究方法‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 17
第一節、研究參與者‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 17
第二節、研究工具‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 18
第三節、研究程序‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 20
第四節、統計分析‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 21

第三章、研究結果‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 22
第一節、樣本人口統計學、完美主義量表、憂鬱症狀及強迫症狀之描述統計分析‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 22
第二節、中文版多向度完美主義量表信度分析‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 22
第三節、中文版多向度完美主義量表各分量表間相關分析‧‧‧‧‧‧ 23

第四節、中文版多向度完美主義量表效度分析‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 24
第五節、多向度完美主義之因素與憂鬱及強迫症狀關係之分析‧‧‧‧ 26

第四章、討論‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 27
第一節、本研究之主要發現與解釋‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 27
第二節、本研究之限制與未來發展方向‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 32
第三節、本研究之應用價值‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 34

參考文獻‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 35

附錄一 基本資料表‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 52
附錄二 中文化多向度完美主義量表‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 58
附錄三 柯氏憂鬱量表‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 61
附錄四 SCL-90-R‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧‧ 69
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