進階搜尋


   電子論文尚未授權公開,紙本請查館藏目錄
(※如查詢不到或館藏狀況顯示「閉架不公開」,表示該本論文不在書庫,無法取用。)
系統識別號 U0026-2306201812201200
論文名稱(中文) 智慧型混合通風系統運用於台灣醫療診間室內空氣品質改善效能之研究
論文名稱(英文) The Improvement Effect of Intelligent Control Mix Ventilation System for Indoor Air Quality in Taiwan Medical Space
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 羅燦宏
研究生(英文) Tsan-Hung Lo
學號 N78981206
學位類別 博士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 106頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡耀賢
口試委員-江哲銘
口試委員-孫逸民
口試委員-林芳銘
口試委員-邵文政
口試委員-陳震宇
中文關鍵字 醫療診間  混合通風  甲醛  二氧化碳  電漿除污  空氣品質  健康係數 
英文關鍵字 Medical Space  Mix Ventilation  Formaldehyde  Carbon Dioxide  Plasma Air Purification  Air Quality  Health Factor. 
學科別分類
中文摘要 台灣本土氣候條件下醫療室內空間大多氣密性高,致使換氣效率不足。本研究以台灣南部某大型醫療機構為研究探討對象,優先進行院區內物理環境因子現場儀器連續性檢測,量測項目包括CO、CO2、溫度、濕度、甲醛、TVOC、臭氧等,以釐清院內空氣品質不佳的區域及其主因。研究證實:台灣醫療診間中CO2及甲醛濃度超標問題嚴重,其直接原因為空調設備性能不佳,而智慧化管理模型及系統的建置能有效地提升醫療診間室內空氣品質與環境的改善。
本研究選定院內甲醛濃度超標之區域,利用柳澤甲醛感測器以確實檢測出室內甲醛污染源頭為室內裝修材。本研究同時於室內甲醛濃度超標之區域進行電漿除醛測試,以確認電漿機是否可達除醛效果。為精確探討如何運用機械通風搭配空調混合通風方式,進行院區內綜合效益評估及提供改善策略,本研究以足尺實驗室排定6組智慧型混合通風系統,利用PLC連動系統設定遠端偵測與連動通風扇與電漿機,降低室內過高之甲醛與二氧化碳濃度,並針對甲醛濃度、CO2濃度、空氣清淨效果進行對照分析,探討不同混合式通風模擬下室內污染物CO2及甲醛濃度調控與變化,進而尋求最佳化設定。
本研究具體成果結論如下:
1.由台灣南部某大型醫療院所定檢與巡檢結果可知:多處二氧化碳(CO2)濃度與甲醛(HCHO)濃度超標嚴重、局部細菌濃度超標、TVOC濃度則無超標。依據智慧型混合通風系統證實:適當引入外氣可有效控制室內CO2濃度避免超出法定標準(1000ppm),但對於室內建材所揮發的HCHO濃度並無明顯清除效果,須適當配合使用電漿機方可有效清除室內HCHO濃度。
2.本研究使用「甲醛感測器網絡實驗室量測法」,確立電漿除醛機之除醛效果受「空間死域現象」與「設備除醛時間」之影響。
3.本研究推導出健康係數HF==[1-(∑(∆C×t) )/(X×T)]×[1-(∑(∆H×t) )/(Y×T)] 可將實驗數據換算為室內空氣清淨度,其數值越接近1代表該空間中空氣清淨度越佳。
4.本研究以智慧型混合通風系統採PLC程式化控制通風扇及電漿機開關以清除CO2及HCHO濃度,其結果顯示:Type 6(CO2+HCHO B組)條件設定HF=0.9375,相較於Type 5(CO2+HCHO A組) HF=0.9192,對於空氣有較佳清淨效果。
5.本研究建構智慧型混合通風系統以有效控制空氣清淨度,藉由健康係數(HF)更可以進一步預測室內空氣品質,研究結果可作為設計台灣醫療診間室內空氣品質改善效能的參考依據。
英文摘要 Medical spaces in Taiwan often encounter the problem of excessive CO2 and formaldehyde (HCHO) concentrations engendered by poor air conditioning. This problem can be addressed by establishing intelligent management models and improving the medical environment. Accordingly, this study developed an intelligent control mixed-mode ventilation system for monitoring and managing indoor air quality. This study was conducted in a large medical institution in southern Taiwan, where on-site inspections of the physical environment were performed to identify areas affected by poor indoor air quality and determine the factors contributing to such problems. Areas with excessive HCHO concentrations were examined using Yanagisawa sensors to determine the sources of indoor HCHO pollution; the effectiveness of a plasma system in removing HCHO was also tested. The intelligent control mixed-mode ventilation system was modulated into 6 systems. These systems were applied in a full-scale laboratory and were connected with remote sensors, ventilation fans, and the plasma system controlled by a programmable logic controller in order to reduce the excessive indoor CO2 and HCHO concentrations. The HCHO concentration control, CO2 concentration control, and air purification effects of these systems were subsequently compared. Health factors were then derived to determine the optimized air purity.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
英文摘要 V
誌謝 IX
目錄 XI
圖目錄 XIII
表目錄 XV
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-1-1 醫療院所室內空氣品質概況 1
1-1-2 空調系統與院內空氣品質之關聯性 2
1-2 研究目的 2
1-3 研究範圍與步驟 3
1-4 研究流程與架構 4
第二章 文獻回顧與相關理論 5
2-1 醫院室內空氣污染源之定義、種類及來源 5
2-2 國內外空氣品質控管與研究 8
2-2-1國內外空氣品質政策與推行制度 8
2-2-2醫療院所空氣品質研究方法 9
2-3 國內外醫療空間空氣品質現況問題 13
2-4 小結 14
第三章 研究方法 15
3-1 台灣醫療診間室內空氣品質檢測法 15
3-1-1定檢及巡檢方式 15
3-1-2甲醛檢測儀 28
3-1-3柳澤甲醛感測器 28
3-1-4電漿技術於空氣污染控制 28
3-2 甲醛感測器實驗室網絡量測法 29
3-3 智慧型混合通風系統改善實驗計畫 32
3-3-1實驗場域及實驗設備 32
3-3-2 PLC(Programmable Logic Controller) 連動系統設定 34
3-3-3智慧型混合通風系統設定 36
3-4 小結 38
第四章 台灣醫療空間室內空氣品質檢測結果與討論 39
4-1定檢與巡檢結果討論 39
4-2柳澤甲醛感測器量測結果與討論 41
4-3電漿技術運用於空氣污染控制結果與討論 42
4-4甲醛感測器網絡實驗室量測結果與討論 44
4-5小結 48
第五章 智慧型混合通風系統改善效能結果與討論 49
5-1 空氣品質是否達到降低CO2/HCHO之效能表現 49
5-2以「健康係數」(HEALTH FACTOR, HF)評估空氣清淨度 52
5-3小結 54
第六章 結論與建議 55
6-1具體結論 55
6-2後續建議 56
參考文獻 57
附錄一、南部某醫院總院巡檢數據 63
附錄二、智慧型混合通風系統原始實測數據 93
參考文獻 英文摘要:
(1).Brenner, S., & Eli, I. (1990). Effect of ionization on microbial air pollution in the dental clinic. Environmental research, 52(1), 99-106.
(2).Bruce, N., Rehfuess, E., Mehta, S., Hutton, G., & Smith, K. (2006). Indoor air pollution.
(3).C. M. Chiang, P. C. Chou, and W. A. Wang, et al. 1996 , A study of the impacts of outdoor air and living behavior patterns on indoor air quality - case studies of apartments in Taiwan, INDOOR AIR ’96, Vol. 3, pp. 735-740.
(4).Chao, C. Y., Chan, G. Y., & Ho, L. (2001). Feasibility study of an indoor air quality measurement protocol on 12 parameters in mechanically ventilated and air-conditioned buildings. Indoor and Built Environment, 10(1), 3-19.
(5).Chen, C. C., Lo, T. H., Tsay, Y. S., Lee, C. Y., & Liu, K. S. (2017). Application of a Novel Formaldehyde Sensor with MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Systems) in Indoor Air Quality Test and Improvement in Medical Spaces. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 15(2), 81-89.
(6).Daneault, S., Beausoleil, M., & Messing, K. (1992). Air quality during the winter in Québec day-care centers. American journal of public health, 82(3), 432-434.
(7).EURO,2006,“Housing and health regulations in Europe.” EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH BONN OFFICE ,Final report.
(8).Franchi, M., Carrer, P., Kotzias, D., Remecker, E.M.A.L., Seppänen, O., van Bronswijk, J.E.M.H., and Viegi, G. (2009). Towards Healthy Air in Dewellings in Europe: The THADE Report. EFA. http://www.efanet.org/acctivities/documents/THADEReport.pdf
(accessed on 2009/12/10)
(9).H Jarnstrom, K Saarela, P Kalliokoski, A-L. Pasanen,2006, Reference values for indoor air pollutant concentrations in new , residential building in Fin-land,Atmospheric Environment,(40) 7178-7191
(10).Handbook, A. F. (2009). American society of heating, refrigerating and air-conditioning engineers. Inc.: Atlanta, GA, USA.
(11).Helmis, C. G., Tzoutzas, J., Flocas, H. A., Halios, C. H., Stathopoulou, O. I., Assimakopoulos, V. D., ... & Adam, E. (2007). Indoor air quality in a dentistry clinic. Science of the Total Environment, 377(2), 349-365.
(12).Ho, S. H., Rosario, L., & Rahman, M. M. (2009). Three-dimensional analysis for hospital operating room thermal comfort and contaminant removal. Applied Thermal Engineering, 29(10), 2080-2092.
(13).Jiamjarasrangsi, W., Bualert, S., Chongthaleong, A., Chaindamporn, A., Udomsantisuk, N., & Euasamarnjit, W. (2009). Inadequate ventilation for nosocomial tuberculosis prevention in public hospitals in Central Thailand. The International journal of tuberculosis and lung disease, 13(4), 454-459.
(14).Jones, A.P. (1999). “Indoor air quality and health.” Atmospheric Environment, 33(28), pp. 4535-4564.
(15).Jung, C. C., Wu, P. C., Tseng, C. H., & Su, H. J. (2015). Indoor air quality varies with ventilation types and working areas in hospitals. Building and Environment, 85, 190-195.
(16).Lebowitz, M. D., Holberg, C. J., Boyer, B., & Hayes, C. (1985). Respiratory symptoms and peak flow associated with indoor and outdoor air pollutants in the southwest. Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association, 35(11), 1154-1158.
(17).Leung, M., & Chan, A. H. (2006). Control and management of hospital indoor air quality. Medical science monitor, 12(3), SR17-SR23.
(18).Liang, W. J., Li, J., Li, J. X., Zhu, T., & Jin, Y. Q. (2010). Formaldehyde removal from gas streams by means of NaNO2 dielectric barrier discharge plasma. Journal of hazardous materials, 175(1-3), 1090-1095.
(19).Lo, T. H., Tsay, Y. S., Chiang, C. L., & Lee, C. Y. (2015). Experimental evaluation of indoor formaldehyde decomposition performance of atmospheric plasma reactor utilizing sensor network. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 11(6), 761439.
(20).Melius, J., Wallingford, K., Keenlyside, R., & Carpenter, J. (1984). Indoor air quality-the NIOSH experience. In Ann Am Conf Gov Ind Hyg (Vol. 10, pp. 3-7).
(21).Mendes, A.C.P. (2008). Indoor Air Quality in Hospital Environments. In 20th Congress of IFHE, Barcelona.
(22).Molhave L. and Thorsen M.,1991, A Model for Investiga-tions of Ventilation Systems As Sources for Volatile Or-ganic Compounds in Indoor Climate, Atmospheric Envi-ronment, 25A :2, 241-249.
(23).Molhave L.,2003, Organic compounds as indicators of air pollution.,Indoor Air 13 (6),12-19
(24).P.C. Wu, Y.Y. Li, C.C. Lee, C.M. Chiang, H.J. Su,2003,Risk Assessment of Formaldehyde at Typical Of-fice Buildings in Taiwan, 《Indoor Air》 Vol.13,No.4, pp.359-363.
(25).P.C. Wu, Y.Y. Li, C.C. Lee, F.C. Li, C.Y. Huang, C.M. Chiang, H.J. Su, 2005, Changing microbial concentrations associated with ventilation performance in Taiwan’s air-conditioned office buildings, 《Indoor Air》, Vo15., No.3-1, pp.19-26
(26).Peder Wolkoff.,1998, Impact Of Air Velocity, Tempera-ture, Humidity, And Air On Long-Term VOC Emission From Building Products, Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 32, No. 14/15, pp. 2659-2668.
(27).Rumchev, K. B., Spickett, J. T., Bulsara, M. K., Phillips, M. R., & Stick, S. M. (2002). Domestic exposure to formaldehyde significantly increases the risk of asthma in young children. European Respiratory Journal, 20(2), 403-408.
(28).Shimizu, K., Kuwabara, T., & Blajan, M. (2012). Study on decomposition of indoor air contaminants by pulsed atmospheric microplasma. Sensors, 12(11), 14525-14536.
(29).Sousa, F. W., Caracas, I. B., Nascimento, R. F., & Cavalcante, R. M. (2011). Exposure and cancer risk assessment for formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in the hospitals, Fortaleza-Brazil. Building and Environment, 46(11), 2115-2120.
(30).Spaul, W. A. (1994). Building-related factors to consider in indoor air quality evaluations. Journal of allergy and clinical immunology, 94(2), 385-389.
(31).Spengler, J. D., & Chen, Q. (2000). Indoor air quality factors in designing a healthy building. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 25(1), 567-600.
(32).U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation. Indoor Air Facts No. 4: Sick Building Syndrome, revised, 1991.
(33).USEPA. (1991). Building Air Quality: A Guide for Building Owners and Facility Managers. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
(34).USEPA. (1994). Indoor Air Pollution: An Introduction for Health Professionals. American Lung Association, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Consumer Product Safety Commission, American Medical Associaton.
(35).Vimercati, L., Carrus, A., Martino, T., Galise, I., Minunni, V., Caputo, F., ... & Assennato, G. (2010). Formaldehyde exposure and irritative effects on medical examiners, pathologic anatomy post-graduate students and technicians. Iranian journal of public health, 39(4), 26.
(36).WHO,World Healthy Organization ,1989,Indoor Air quality : Organic Pollutants ,Copenhagen,EURO Reports and Studies No.111
(37).WHO,World Healthy Organization ,2000,Air Quality Guidelines for Europe, second ed. European series 91.
(38).WHO,World Healthy Organization ,2001,〝Housing and health Programmes〞 Report
(39).Wieslander,G. orrack,D.,Bjornsson,E.,Janson,C., Bo-man,G.,1997 Asthma and the indoor environment : the significance of emission of formaldehyde and volatile organic compounds from newly painted indoor surfaces . International Archives of Occupation and Environment of Health 69,115-124
(40).Wolkoff,P. ,2003, Trends in Europe to reduce the in-door air pollution of VOCs,Indoor Air (13) 5-11
(41).Wolkoff,P., Nielsen,G.D.,2001 , Organic compounds in indoor air – their relevance for perceived indoor air qual-ity?Atmospheric Environment 35,4407-4417
(42).World Health Organization (WHO). (2000). Air quality guidelines for Europe.
(43).World Health Organization (WHO). (2000). The world health report 2000: health systems: improving performance. World Health Organization.
(44).World Health Organization (WHO). (2002). The world health report 2002: reducing risks, promoting healthy life. World Health Organization.
(45).Yu, Z. Y., Hu, P. F., & Yuan, X. D. (2008, May). Numerical Simulation of Air Quality for ICUs. In Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 2008. ICBBE 2008. The 2nd International Conference on (pp. 3963-3966). IEEE.
(46).Zhang, Y., Mo, J., Li, Y., Sundell, J., Wargocki, P., Zhang, J., ... & Fang, L. (2011). Can commonly-used fan-driven air cleaning technologies improve indoor air quality? A literature review. Atmospheric Environment, 45(26), 4329-4343.

中文部分:
(1).于振峰, & 李建興. (2005). 獨立新風系統在醫院潔淨空調的應用.煤氣與熱力,25(3), 33-35.
(2).田中俊六, 簡裕榮, & 薛寧心. (2004). 最新建築環境工學. 六合。
(3).江哲銘,建築物理,三民書局,1997。
(4).行政院衛生署疾病管制局,2007年台灣院內感染監視系統分析報告。感染控制雜誌,第18卷,第6期,2007。
(5).李政倫,非熱電漿同時去除室內甲醛及生物氣膠之研究,嘉南大學環境工程與科學系曁研究所碩士論文,2009。
(6).何曉犁. (2015). 關於潔淨空調新風量的節能控制與運行. 科技與企業, (10), 90-90.
(7).余雅如,醫院室內空氣品質模式模擬,碩士論文,國立交通大學環境工程系所,2010。
(8).李亦晨. (2018). 醫療機構內二氧化碳 (CO2) 濃度季節性變化研究. 中山醫學大學公共衛生學系碩士班學位論文, 1-54.
(9).李惠玲、劉雪娥,王桂芸、馮容芬、邱周萍、谷幼雄、周桂如、涂淑芬、陳惠絹、詹恩愉、歐嘉美,新編內外科護理學上冊,1997。
(10).李萬成,某醫院室內空氣品質評估,臺北醫學大學公共衛生學系暨研究所學位論文,1999。
(11).林敏朝, 蔡明達, & 黃立德. (2017). 醫院建築室內空氣環境與空調節能管理系統之研究與應用. 技師期刊, (76), 31-38.
(12).林韻芬、莊海華,室內空氣與健康:漫談病態建築物症候群,家庭醫學與基層醫療,第27卷,第5期,第161-165頁,2012。
(13).洪東淵,室內懸浮微粒與生物氣膠之相關性探討-以某醫學中心為例,國立中央大學環境工程研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文,2008。
(14).胡嘉麟. (2011). 醫院空氣品質之研究. 中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文, 1-63.
(15).徐玉琴:醫療院所室內公共區域空氣品質之研究。國立高雄第一科技大學環境與安全衛生工程研究所碩士論文;2013。
(16).張上淳、蔡佳倫、王振泰、黃高彬、呂學重、莊銀清、王立信、王復德、劉有增、劉清泉、周明淵、王敦正、陳國東,臺灣醫學中心與區域醫院1999-2002年院內感染之概況。感染控制雜誌14 (1):1-11,2004。
(17).梁肖雲, & 張永漢. (2002). 空調機對醫院病房空氣品質的影響. 南方護理學報, 9(2), 13-15.
(18).陳怡璇,智慧型室內空氣品質監控、模擬暨環境風險評估物聯網(IOT)系統之建構芻議,碩士論文,宜蘭大學環境工程學系,2016。
(19).陳鴻嶽:醫院空調系統之規劃設計、建構、量測及室內空氣品質分析研究。國立勤益科技大學冷凍空調系碩士論文; 2013。
(20).葉丁毓, 黃曉靈, 余佳華, & 林子賢,牙醫診間生物氣膠潛在暴露及其對人體健康之影響-文獻回顧. 中華民國家庭牙醫學雜誌, 8(2), 4-15,2013。
(21).鄭安邑:醫院內候診區及加護病房室內空氣品質調查。輔仁大學公共衛生學系碩士論文;2014。
(22).薛志超,醫院室內空氣品質初步調查-在南部某區域教學醫院,大仁科技大學環境管理研究所碩士論文,2013。
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2023-06-01起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2023-06-01起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw