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系統識別號 U0026-2304202016000200
論文名稱(中文) 如何在控制開放技術平台下管理知識外溢?通訊產業中標準化的案例研究
論文名稱(英文) How to Manage Knowledge Spillovers While Controlling an Open Technological Platform? A Case Study of Standardization in the Telecommunications Industry
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 企業管理學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Business Administration
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 林昀璇
研究生(英文) Yun-Hsuan Lin
學號 R46074084
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 28頁
口試委員 指導教授-許經明
口試委員-張元杰
口試委員-陳寶蓮
中文關鍵字 控制  開放技術平台  知識外溢  專利引用  通訊產業 
英文關鍵字 Control  open technological platform  knowledge spillovers  patent citations  telecommunications industry 
學科別分類
中文摘要 在某些ICT(訊息通信技術)行業中,開發開放的技術平台可幫助公司增加互補產品的採用率和多樣性。另一方面,隨著開放的技術平台的發展,開放的技術平台的開放性可能會降低其專有性並失去控制。以前的情況表明,專利是一種保護機制,可以在公司之間交換資源時保護公司的知識產權。此外,專利被視為控制開放技術平台的技術連貫性和軌蹟的工具。但是,專利也可能洩露公司與實施開放技術平台有關的知識,該技術被其他公司吸收並重新發明為新的知識產權。這項研究認為,在公共平台(例如標準化)的情況下,一家焦點公司用來控制一個開放的技術平台的技術規範中的重要專利越多,其他公司使用這些專利進行創新活動的可能性就越大。為了補償這種知識溢出,我們建議公司不僅應該進行外向型的研究,還應該進行內向型的學習,以不斷學習開放的技術平台的專利知識。通過分析23家代表公司在1991年至2016年電信行業標準化過程中對其「標準必要專利(SEP)」和「專有專利」進行的引用關係,我們發現在23家公司中,高通公司是進行了內向型學習,以根據技術規格來學習自己的SEP,以控制開放的技術平台。
英文摘要 In some information and communications technology (ICT) industries, controlling an open technological platform helps firms to increase the adoption and diversity of complementary products. However, the openness of an open technological platform may decrease the appropriability of firms to capture value. Previous studies indicated that patents are the instruments for focal firms to control the technological trajectory of an open technological platform. However, patents may also divulge knowledge to other firms while developing proprietary technologies. This study argues that firms need to manage knowledge spillovers while controlling an open technological platform. We analyzed the citation relationships that 23 representative firms conducted for their standard-essential patents (SEPs) and proprietary patents during the standardization of the telecommunications industry from 1991 to 2016. Our results suggest that an inward-searching strategy (self-citing) is more vital than an outward-searching strategy (citing others) for firms to manage knowledge spillovers during standardization. This study extends debates on controlling open innovation: managing knowledge spillovers while controlling an open technological platform is a sufficient condition for firms to sustain technology leadership.
論文目次 摘要 I
SUMMARY II
誌謝 III
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Chapter 2 Literature Review 3
Chapter 3 Analytical Perspective 7
Chapter 4 Data Collection 9
Chapter 5 Case Study 11
Chapter 6 Discussion 16
Chapter 7 Conclusions 20
References 22
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