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系統識別號 U0026-2301201701215400
論文名稱(中文) 探討執行功能發展、學習狀態以及學業成就之間的關係-以高中職青少女資料庫分析為例
論文名稱(英文) The Correlation among Executive Function Development, Learning State and Academic Performance: An Analysis of Girl High School Database
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 行為醫學研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Behavioral Medicine
學年度 105
學期 1
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 吳宗蓉
研究生(英文) Tsung-Jung Wu
學號 S86021030
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 73頁
口試委員 指導教授-郭乃文
口試委員-董旭英
口試委員-陳心怡
中文關鍵字 執行功能  自我調節  高中職  青少年 
英文關鍵字 executive function  adolescence  self-regulation  academic achievement 
學科別分類
中文摘要 目的:青少年時期為執行功能發展的重要階段,而執行功能可主導青少年在學習表現上展現出自我調節能力,以更有效地完成學習目標。過去研究多採用臨床上所常見的神經心理測驗工具來測量一般青少年在執行功能上的表現。故本研究採用較具生態化效度的執行功能量表,以高中職青少女為樣本,並蒐集在校三年之追蹤資料,以探討執行功能發展、學習狀態及學業成就之間的關係。

方法:本研究為資料庫分析研究,來源為台南市某中學之全校性心理資料庫與教務資料。本研究共包含三個子研究,研究一以三年追蹤的資料來分析1414位學生在執行功能分數之變化;研究二以某學年度學生為樣本,共577位學生,以回歸分析驗證執行功能與學習狀態之間的關係,並觀察不同年級時之趨勢;研究三以182位學生為樣本,探討執行功能發展、學習狀態及學業成就之中介模式。

結果:研究一結果顯示執行功能之自評分數隨著年級明顯增加,但效果量未具解釋意義。研究二結果顯示執行功能自評分數可顯著地預測學習狀態表現,且關係隨著年級有增強之趨勢。研究三結果發現執行功能部件中的情緒調控可透過學習狀態影響學業成就,但在執行功能總分與其他部件未達顯著水準。

討論:本研究透過自陳式問卷的結果分析,結果指出情緒調控發展會影響學習狀態並反應在的學業成就上,顯示情緒調控為影響青少年適應課業情境的重要因素。而情緒調控為一組偏向「熱」執行功能之部件,期待未來研究可以分別探討「冷」、「熱」執行功能發展對青少年學業情境之影響。
英文摘要 To investigate the correlation among executive function, learning state and academic performance in girl-high-school student, a data-base study was conducted. In study 1, the self-rating executive function scores of 1414 students were analyzed for the generally development of executive function in high school students. In study 2, 577 of the 1414 students were selected to explore the correlations between executive function and learning state by regression analysis. In study 3, merely 182 students were available for the study of mediating effect of learning status between executive function development and academic achievement. The results were presented as follows: (1) The self-rating of executive function increased significantly with grade, but the effect size was small (2) The self-rating of executive function could significantly predict the learning state. (3) The executive function of emotion regulation and academic achievement was direct mediated by learning state. They indicate that emotional regulation, which is also an aspect of "hot" executive function, plays an important role in the learning environment of high school student to develop self-regulation. The respective impact of "cold" and "hot" executive function development on adolescent learning environment are necessary to be considered in the future.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節、執行功能定義 1
第二節、青少年的前額葉發展 6
第三節、執行功能與學習狀態 16
第四節、研究動機與問題假設 20
第二章 研究方法 22
第一節、研究設計與流程 22
第二節、研究對象 23
第三節、研究工具 27
第四節、統計分析 34
第三章 研究結果 35
第一節、執行功能發展之變異數分析與描述性分析 35
第二節、執行功能對學業狀態的預測關係 37
第三節、執行功能、學習狀態及學業成就之間的關係 40
第四章 討論 48
參考文獻 52
附件 62
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