進階搜尋


下載電子全文  
系統識別號 U0026-2212201222441500
論文名稱(中文) 多孔隙瀝青混凝土應用在重載交通鋪面之評估
論文名稱(英文) Evaluation of Porous Asphalt Concrete Applied to Pavements Subjected to Heavy Traffic Loadings
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering (on the job class)
學年度 101
學期 1
出版年 101
研究生(中文) 周建榮
研究生(英文) Chien-Jung Chou
學號 n67991094
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 88頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳建旭
口試委員-陳偉全
口試委員-廖敏志
中文關鍵字 PAC  等值軸重當量因子  ESAL值 
英文關鍵字 PAC  Load Equivalence Factor( LEF)  ESAL value 
學科別分類
中文摘要 多孔隙瀝青混凝土(Porous Asphalt Concrete,PAC)屬新一代開放級配摩擦層,內部孔隙率介於15%~25%,具有多孔性結構特性,可降低車輛高速行駛所形成的霧狀水氣,提高行車安全,由於孔隙率受粉塵阻塞及交通壓實等因素影響,國道1號南部都會重載交通路段鋪設PAC之績效值得深入探討。
本研究針對都會地區國道1號岡山段南下368K+057~369K+310及國道8號東向5K+600~5K+950等重載交通路段之PAC鋪面進行現地噪音量、透水性、抗滑度、車轍量、路面平坦度及Clegg重錘試驗等績效檢測,並根據高公局南區工程處交控中心所提供之交通流量資料,分別統計本研究路段自PAC鋪設完工通車後至檢測日期止鋪面使用期間之總交通流量,依據美國州際公路與運輸官員協會(AASHTO)針對柔性鋪面設計時交通量計算所採用之等值軸重當量因子(Load Equivalence Factor, LEF)以及鋪面所通過的車種和交通量轉換成交通荷重ESAL值後,評估交通載重對PAC鋪面績效的影響。結果顯示PAC鋪面等值噪音量及抗滑度會隨ESAL值之上升而有些微增加;車轍量、路面平坦度及Clegg值等檢測值也隨著ESAL值的上升而呈現增加的趨勢;透水量之降低趨勢顯著,鋪面承受的ESAL值愈大,透水性就愈低。數據顯示交通量的多寡無法與鋪面承受荷重劃上等號,國1南下368K+600第1車道每日交通量為19,431輛次左右,第2車道每日交通量約21,000輛次,兩者相差有限,但日平均ESAL值第2車道卻是第1車道之11倍,第1車道各項績效尚符規範標準,但第2車道的透水性功能則已顯著減少。國道在重載交通路段鋪設PAC時,除材料需謹慎選擇外,應考量足夠養護時間,需針對鋪面承受荷重型態種類做完整調查,並對現有鋪面狀況分析,才能延長PAC鋪設完成後實際績效。
英文摘要 Porous asphalt concrete (PAC) is a new generation of open-graded friction course. The percentage of air void ranges between 15% and 25%, providing a permeable pavement structure. With a porous and durable characteristics, PAC has the functions of improving permeability, reducing noise, increasing rutting resistance and skid resistance. Various field tests were conducted on the No.1 and No.8 National Freeways. In addition, the Load Equivalence Factor (LEF) and ESAL were employed to estimate the influence of traffic load on the PAC pavement performance. The results showed that the values of noise and skid-resistance. rutting depth, International Roughness Index (IRI), Clegg Impact Value (CIV) increased and permeability slightly increased with an increase in ESAL. It should be noted that the material properties, pavement maintenance and axle loads considerably influence the field performance of the porous asphalt concrete pavement.
論文目次 目錄 I
表目錄IV
圖目錄V
第一章 緒論 1-1
1.1 前言 1-1
1.2 研究動機 1-2
1.3 研究目的 1-2
1.4 研究範圍 1-3
第二章 文獻回顧 2-1
2.1 PAC鋪面之功能性 2-1
2.1.1 減噪效果 2-2
2.1.2 透水性 2-9
2.2 PAC鋪面之耐久性 2-11
2.3 PAC鋪面之安全性 2-13
第三章 研究流程與方法 3-1
3.1 研究流程 3-1
3.2 現地檢測路段 3-3
3.3 現地鋪面績效評估方法 3-5
3.3.1 噪音檢測 3-5
3.3.2 透水試驗 3-6
3.3.3 抗滑性試驗 3-7
3.3.4 車轍量試驗 3-8
3.3.5 平坦度試驗 3-9
3.3.6 Clegg重錘試驗 3-10
3.3.7 現場鑽心試驗 3-12
3.4 交通量資料收集與荷重分析 3-12
3.4.1 交通量資料收集 3-12
3.4.2 交通荷重分析方法 3-13
第四章 結果與分析 4-1
4.1 現地鋪面狀況 4-1
4.1.1 國道1號岡山段南下368K+057~369K+310路段 4-1
4.1.2 國道8號新營段東向5K+600~5K+950路段 4-4
4.2 現地實驗結果 4-5
4.2.1 功能性:噪音量 4-5
4.2.2 功能性:現地透水量 4-7
4.2.3 安全性:抗滑性 4-9
4.2.4 耐久性:車轍量 4-10
4.2.5 耐久性:平坦度 4-11
4.2.6 耐久性:Clegg衝擊值 4-12
4.2.7 現場鑽心試驗 4-13
4.3 交通資料彙整與分析 4-18
4.3.1 現地噪音值與交通荷重關係 4-23
4.3.2 現地透水量與交通荷重關係 4-24
4.3.3 現地抗滑度與交通荷重關係 4-26
4.3.4 現地車轍量與交通荷重關係 4-27
4.3.5 現地平坦度與交通荷重關係 4-28
4.3.6 現地Clegg衝擊值與交通荷重關係 4-29
4.3.7 空隙率與交通荷重關係 4-30
第五章 結論及建議 5-1
5.1 結論 5-1
5.2 建議 5-3
參考文獻 參-1
參考文獻 郎勝富(2011),「多孔性瀝青混凝土破壞及養護」,碩士論文,國立成功大學,台南,台灣。
Alvarez, A. E., A. E. Martin, and C. Estakhri,(2009),Effects of Densification on Permeable Friction Course Mixtures, Journal of Testing and Evaluation, Vol. 37, No 1, pp. 11-20.
Alvarez, A.E., A. E. Martin, and C. Estakhri, (2010),Drainability of Permeable Friction Course Mixtures, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, ASCE.
Alvarez, A.E., A. E. Martin, C. K. Estakhri, J. W. Button, C.J. Glover, and S. H. Jung, (2006),Synthesis of Current Practice on the Design, Construction, and Maintenance of Porous Friction Courses. Report No. 0-5262-1, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.
Alvarez, A.E., A. E. Martin, C. K. Estakhri, J. W. Button, C.J. Glover, N. Prapaitrakul, and Z. Krause, (2007),Evaluation and Recommended Improvements for Mix Design of Permeable Friction Courses. Report No. 0-5262-3, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.
Anfosso-L’ed’ee, F. and M. T. Do,(2002), Geometric Descriptors of Road Surface Texture in Relation to Tire-Road Noise. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1806, TRB, Transportation Research Board of the Academies, Washington, D.C., pp. 160-167.
Bazlamit, S. M. and F. Reza,(2005), Changes in Asphalt Pavement Friction Components and Adjustment of Skid Number for Temperature. Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 131, No. 6, pp. 470-476.
Estakhri, C.K., A. E. Alvarez, and A. E. Martin, (2008),Guidelines on Construction and Maintenance of Porous Friction Courses in Texas. Report No. 0-5262-2, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.
Hanson, D. I., and R. S. James,(2004),Colorado DOT Tire/Pavement Noise Study. Report No. CDOT-DTD-R-2004-5, National Center for Asphalt Technology, Auburn University, Alabama.
Herman, L., J. Withers, and E. Pinckney, (2006),Surfacing Retexture to Reduce Tire-Road Noise for Existing Concrete Pavements. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1983, Transportation Research Board of the Academies, Washington, D.C., pp. 51-58.
Kowalski, K., R. S. McDaniel, A. Shah, and J. Olek,(2009), Long Term Monitoring of the Noise and Frictional Properties of PFC, SMA and DGA Pavements. Transportation Research Record, 88th Annual Meeting CD ROM, Paper No. 09-2742.
Liu,K.W., A.E. Alvarez, A.E. Martin, T. Dossey, A.Smit, and C.K.Estakhri,(2009), Synthesis of Current Research on Permeable Friction Courses: Performance, Design, Construction, and Maintenance. Texas transportation institute,Texas A&M University System,College Station.
McDaniel, R. S., W. D. Thornton, and J. G. Dominguez,(2004),Field Evaluation of Porous Asphalt Pavement. Report No. SQDH 2004-3, North Central Superpave Center, Purdue University, Indiana.
Punith, V. S., S. N. Suresha, A. Veeraragavan, S. Raju, and S. Bose, (2004),Characterization of Polymer and Fiber-Modified Porous Asphalt mixtures. TRB 2004 Annual Meeting CD-ROM, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C..
Sandberg U. and J.A.Easement,(2002),Tyre/Road Noise reference Book,Informex,se-59040 Kisa,Sweden.
Trevino, M., and T. Dossey,(2006),A Research Plan for Measuring Noise Levels in Highway Pavements in Texas. Report No. 0-5185, Center for Transportation Research, University of Texas at Austin,Texas.
Watson, D. E., L. A. Cooley Jr., K. A. Moore, and K. Williams,(2004), Laboratory Performance Testing of Open-Graded Friction Course Mixtures, Transportation Research Record, Vol. 1891, pp. 40-47.
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2016-01-09起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2016-01-09起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw