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系統識別號 U0026-2208202015225900
論文名稱(中文) 二維材料奈米管道薄膜應用於滲透能源轉換之探討
論文名稱(英文) An Investigation of Osmotic Energy Conversion Using Nanochannel Membranes Reconstructed by Two-dimensional Materials
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工程科學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Engineering Science
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 黃偉豪
研究生(英文) Wei-Hao Huang
學號 N96074413
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 84頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊瑞珍
口試委員-楊鏡堂
口試委員-張建成
口試委員-楊煥成
口試委員-張志彰
中文關鍵字 二硫化鉬  氧化石墨烯  奈米通道  離子選擇性薄膜  反向電滲析  滲透能  藍色能源 
英文關鍵字 Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2)  Graphene oxide (GO)  Nanochannel  Ion-selective membrane  Reverse electrodialysis  bule energy harvesting 
學科別分類
中文摘要 開發新能源是人類現在面臨解決能源短缺的主要問題,滲透能在這些正處於發展中的新能源當中是一種具有高潛力的藍色能源,係透過海水與淡水間的鹽類濃度差的吉布斯自由能轉換成電能。本研究中以真空抽濾法製造由二維材料二硫化鉬與氧化石墨烯所建構的奈米通道,以電雙層效應使奈米通道成為離子選擇性薄膜,透過反向電滲析將滲透能由離子選擇性薄膜擷取出,並比對離子以水平傳輸與垂直傳輸的差異,以及具有高水中穩定性的二硫化鉬與目前廣泛研究的氧化石墨烯的傳輸比較。本文結果中指出水平傳輸較垂直傳輸高110倍的輸出功率密度,水平傳輸最高可達到0.628 W/m^2的功率密度,且在水中有高穩定性能的二硫化鉬能產生比氧化石墨烯高1.7倍的功率密度,並於高濃度工作條件下,二硫化鉬優於氧化石墨烯,並能保持一定的工作效率。透過本研究能了解二維材料在開發滲透能的潛能,在未來開發出高效離子選擇性薄膜且穩定的裝置是滲透能發展的主軸。
英文摘要 Renewable energy plays a key role in the development of harvesting sustainable energy from natural resources. Reverse electrodialysis (RED) is a potential method to generate energy from renewable energy sources such as seawater. RED is based on Gibbs free energy of mixing on different salt concentration between seawater and freshwater (known as blue energy). In this study, two-dimensional materials such as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) and graphene oxide (GO) are arranged layer by layer to fabricate high ion-selective membranes containing nanochannels for harvesting the blue energy. Two major objectives of this work are: first to study the difference in ionic transport phenomena when the membranes are placed by using horizontal (in-plane) and vertical (out-of-plane) setup, and second to compare power generation performance between MoS2 and GO membranes on RED. The result shows that the power generation of the horizontal transport is 0.628 W/m^2, which is 110 times higher than that of vertical transport. The power density of MoS2-membrane is 1.7 times higher than that of GO-membrane. The energy harvesting efficiency of MoS2-membrane is better than GO-membrane under the high concentration conditions. Overall, this work shows the potential application of the 2D-materials to harvest the blue energy using RED. The development of a highly efficient ion-selective membrane and its durability should be further studied for RED.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
致謝 X
內容目錄 XI
圖目錄 XIII
表目錄 XVIII
縮寫說明 XIX
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 簡介 1
1.2 氧化石墨烯 2
1.3 二硫化鉬 4
1.4 文獻介紹 6
1.5 研究動機與目的 13
1.6 論文架構 14
第二章 原理 15
2.1 電雙層 (Electrical Double Layer) 15
2.2 電導度與離子選擇性 (Conductance & Ion selectivity) 20
2.3 反向電滲析(Reverse Electrodialysis, RED) 23
第三章 實驗材料與方法 25
3.1 實驗儀器 25
3.2 實驗材料 36
3.3 二硫化鉬懸浮溶液製作 37
3.4 奈米通道膜製作 41
3.5 材料分析 44
3.6 實驗材料製備 46
3.7 實驗裝置製作 48
3.8 實驗系統架設 51
第四章 結果與討論 54
4.1 奈米通道膜鑑定分析 54
4.2 奈米通道電性量測 59
4.3 奈米通道反向電滲析量測 61
4.4 實驗結果分析與討論 75
第五章 結論與展望 77
5.1 結論 77
5.2 未來展望 78
參考文獻 79
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