||Development and Application of Micro-Vibration Control Technology for High-Tech Factories
||Department of Civil Engineering
finite element method
本文已確認運載台車之影響頻率為10~30 Hz，機台退縮距離為10 m，降低運載台車車速、改善軌道平整度與樓版版厚增築均有助於為振動的減少；颱風之影響頻率為1 Hz，主要激發建築物的短向振動，提高附屬廠房對主廠房的遮蔽率為降低此低頻微振的有效方案；洪積地層振動採用Bornitz與Wiss衰減模式均能準確推估，垂直於振動源方向為主要傳振路徑。
The content of this article can be divided into two phases. The first phase is the measurement of each floor and the establishment of a finite element numerical model. The vibration source is the crane stocker of the automatic material handling system. We changed the speed and load conditions during the test and went back and forth. Compare the reproducibility of each movement and verify each other through mutual understanding to understand its dynamic behavior. To establish the micro-vibration attenuation of the transmission path and the vibration frequency of the main excitation. According to the structural characteristics of the building, the floor can be divided into two types: reinforced concrete layer and steel layer. Continuously correct and adjust the numerical model parameters to make the measurement results similar. It contributes to the numerical simulation accuracy of the second phase and quantifies the effect of structural reinforcement. It includes the presence or absence of unevenness of the track, the thickness adjustment of the floor, the rubber pad of the track and the adjustment of the track support spacing. The aforementioned two phases are mainly for linear elastic analysis, which is the scope of the spindle work in this paper. In addition, we discussed the vibration attenuation of the diluvium deposit in southern Taiwan, and initially clarify the impact of the traffic carrying line on the plant area. The third phase planning structural material enters the nonlinear plastic range. The site measurement data of the vibration source including typhoon and earthquake has been obtained. They are used to explore the related improvements of the Lead cap bearing, the Buckling Restrained Brace and the Visco-elastic damper. The team will publish research results and improvement suggestions in succession.
List of Figure XI
List of Table XV
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background and purpose 1
1.2 The description of research 2
Chapter 2 Literature Review 7
2.1 Introduction 7
2.2 Moving cranes 7
2.3 Wind 11
2.4 Rubber bearings 13
2.5 Alluvial soil deposits 16
Chapter 3 Illustration of Experiment Setup and Computer Software 19
3.1 Introduction 19
3.2 Experiment’s instruments 19
3.2.1 Accelerometer 19
3.2.2 Integrator 21
3.2.3 Data capture device 23
3.2.4 Large-sledge impulse hammer 25
3.2.5 Servohydraulic fatigue testing systems 25
3.3 Analysis Programs 26
3.3.1 The program, aa.exe 26
3.3.2 The program, gf.exe 28
3.3.3 Fasttrack console 30
Chapter 4 Numerical Analysis Model of High-Tech Factories and Transmission System 31
4.1 Illustration of the structure for high-tech factories 31
4.1.1 Structural types of high-tech factories 31
4.1.2 Finite element model of high-tech factories 32
4.2 Finite element model of transmission system 34
4.2.1 Model of the rail system and moving cranes 34
4.2.2 Finite element model of Rails and Rail irregularities 37
4.3 Vibration standard in high-tech factories using the one-third octave band 38
Chapter 5 Investigation of Vibration Induced by Moving Cranes in High-Tech Factories 41
5.1 Introduction 41
5.2 Experimental validation 41
5.3 Parametric finite element study 44
5.3.1 Effect of rail irregularities 45
5.3.2 Effect of crane speed 47
5.3.3 Effect of slab depth 50
5.4 Results and discussions 52
Chapter 6 Experimental and Numerical Study of Wind-Induced Vibration in High-Tech Factories 55
6.1 Introduction 55
6.2 Experimental validation 56
6.2.1 Dominant frequency of wind-induced floor vibration 57
6.2.2 Relationship between floor vibration and wind speed 59
6.2.3 Illustration of the wind load 61
6.3 Parametric finite element study 63
6.3.1 Floor vibration due to the shade of adjacent buildings 63
6.3.2 Vibration reduction due to the increase of member size 64
6.4 Results and discussions 66
Chapter 7 Reduction of Vibration Induced by Moving Cranes in High-Tech Factories Using Rubber Bearings 69
7.1 Introduction 69
7.2 Discussion of a rail pad effect using a simplified equation and experiments 69
7.2.1 A simplified two-degrees-of-freedom model to determine the rail support effect 69
7.2.2 The stiffness and damping of the rubber rail support 71
7.3 Case study 74
7.4 Results and discussions 77
Chapter 8 In-situ Measurement of the Vibration Decay Characteristics of Alluvial Soil Deposits 79
8.1 Introduction 79
8.2 Background of seismic wave attenuation 79
8.3 Wave attenuation model 82
8.3.1 Bornitz model 82
8.3.2 Wiss model 84
8.3.3 Vibration spectrum analysis 86
8.4 In-situ seismic wave decay test 88
8.4.1 Test site 88
8.4.2 Test equipment 89
8.5 Test results and discussion 91
8.5.1 Data processing and data decay analysis 91
8.5.2 Bornitz decay model 92
8.5.3 Wiss decay model 94
8.5.4 Frequency spectrum decay analysis 98
8.5.5 Test conclusions 100
8.6 Results and discussions 101
Chapter 9 Conclusions and Future Works 103
9.1 Conclusions 103
9.2 Future works 106
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