||Open innovation practice in Med-tech Innovation process: Case of MedTech SMEs industry in developing country
||Department of BioMedical Engineering
Medical device innovation
Decision making support
Open innovation (OI) is a phenomenon of novel innovation management strategy in the recent century, several implications in the diversity of industry were investigated around focusing with the technology-driven industry. Medical device industry was considered as one of the most beneficial from the model of OI implication support from the characteristic of the industry itself. Yet the term had been majority study in case of a developed country and Large-scale firm, the question is left for the practice of OI in the developing country where are more seeking for the improvement opportunity for the firm performance in the medical innovation development process.
The study subject to identify the suitable OI implication strategy for the firm base on the sub-crucial process of the medical device innovation process model, trough the literature review and interview with critical stakeholder individual to construct the frame process model for identifying the suitable implement method and independence between each process. Using the content analysis material for construction of medical device innovation model, the validation for the suitable purpose strategy had been done used the absorptive capability and internal resource limitation analysis (AIA) to the subprocess as can be separated into four-quadrant combining with the DEMATAL method to purpose the overall strategy for each and overall dimension of medical device innovation process.
The outcome display that for the subject industry, the implementation of the OI is more suitable to the conduct in the early market stage more than the marketing relates one, while in detail in each innovation phase the suitable implementation order is scattered. The chain implementation for OI method had been introducing from the result of the optimal pathway. Thus, we discover that only in the case of the regulatory approval process are not suitable for the chain implementation of OI but more suitable in case of independent apply for each subprocess. Furthermore, due to the impact chain of the innovation process, this study indicates that in case of the process were not suitable for the OI implementation yet still can benefit the improvement of the operation by conduct the OI implement in the early relate process.
TABLE OF CONTENT iii
LIST OF TABLES vi
LIST OF FIGURES viii
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION 1
CHAPTER II: LITERATURE REVIEW 3
2.1 Open Innovation: The Innovation Organization Method 3
2.2 Open innovation in MedTech industry 7
2.3 Open innovation implement model on Medical device Innovation process 8
2.3.1 Product design and development process 8
2.3.2 New product and Idea incubator 8
2.3.3 Medical device Regulation approval operation 9
2.3.4 Marketing process involvement in innovation process 10
2.3.5 Parallel and supporting process of Medical device innovation process 10
2.4 Open innovation implementation for MedTech industry in Large and SMEs scale 11
2.5 Open innovation and the case of Medical device industry in Developing country 13
CHAPTER III: METHODOLOGY 17
3.1 Research Design 17
3.2 Stakeholder Analysis 19
3.3 Sample Description and Setting 20
3.4 Study Design and Methodologies 21
3.4.1 Content analysis 21
3.4.2 DEMATAL 22
3.4.3 Absorptive capability and Internal Resource Limitation analysis (AIA) 25
3.4.4 Network Relationship Map (NRM) 27
CHAPTER IV: RESULT 28
4.1 Content Analysis 28
4.2 Data Collection 31
4.3 Absorptive capability and Internal Resource Limitation analysis (AIA) 31
4.3.1 Primary dimension 31
4.3.2 Project Creation 32
4.3.3 Design and Development 33
4.3.4 Regulatory approval 35
4.3.5 Markets operation 36
4.3.6 Firms Administration and Infrastructure Operation 37
4.4 NRM 38
4.4.1 Primary dimension 38
4.4.2 Project Creation 40
4.4.3 Product Design and Development 41
4.4.4 Regulatory approval 42
4.4.5 Markets operation 44
4.4.6 Firms Administration and Infrastructure Operation 45
4.5 Open innovation implementation Strategy Pathway 47
4.5.1 Primary dimension 48
4.5.2 Project/Idea creation 52
4.5.3 Product design and development 54
4.5.4 Regulation approval 56
4.5.5 Markets operation 57
4.5.6 Firm Administrative and infrastructure operation 59
CHAPTER V: DISCUSSION 61
5.1 Diffusion of Innovation process model 61
5.2 External resource accessing 62
5.3 Optimal pathway and practical case discussion 62
5.3.1 Project/Idea Creation (PC) process pathway 64
5.3.2 Product design and development (PD) process optimal pathway 65
5.3.3 Regulatory approval (RA) process optimal pathway 66
5.3.4 Market operation (MO) process optimal pathway 67
5.3.5 Firms Administration and Infrastructure Operation (FI) process optimal pathway 68
CHAPTER VI: CONCLUSION 70
6.1 Conclusion 70
6.2 Managerial contribution 71
6.3 Theoretical contribution 72
6.4 Limitation and Future work 74
Questionnaire Material 80
Section I - RESPONDENTS INFORMATION 80
Section II – Innovation Process 80
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