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系統識別號 U0026-2208201716424100
論文名稱(中文) 路面不整度對於橋梁衝擊係數的影響調查分析-以高雄港聯外高架道路為例
論文名稱(英文) Investigation of the factor for bridge due to the road roughness–Kaohsiung Harbor network road of viaduct line for example
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 土木工程學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Civil Engineering (on the job class)
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 邱覺生
研究生(英文) Chueh-Sheng Chiu
學號 N67021069
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 72頁
口試委員 指導教授-朱聖浩
口試委員-徐德修
口試委員-鍾興陽
中文關鍵字 衝擊係數  動態放大  變位  ASSHTO 
英文關鍵字 Impact fraction  Dynamic Amplification  displacement  ASSHTO 
學科別分類
中文摘要 隨著橋梁設施普遍運用於現代,如何在經濟的考量下做最佳設計,本案透過以研究高雄港聯外高架道路的預力箱型橋樑為例,討論在不同道路平整度、各種車速影響之下的變位與衝擊係數,研究透過模擬橋梁以車輛載重的動力試驗,來深入了解這座橋梁的特性,本案預力箱型橋樑以40.6m 的連續跨橋段分析研究,而衝擊係數公式(I)可看出,當L 越小時,I 值越大,但隨著未來趨勢,為降低橋墩數量,採大跨距的鋼橋,I值越降低,雖然大跨距橋梁強度已於設計時考量提升,但想了解I 值與現場衝擊產生的效應是否貼切,需透過車載試驗取得數據,但因為現場
車載受限經費、環境與時間條件較不易試驗,故可透過程式建立各種模型,比較不同跨距、各種形式之橋梁事先模擬,討論DA 值(Dynamic Amplification)與衝擊係數I 值之合理性,做為未來設計參考之依據,提升橋梁公共工程品質與經濟性。
關鍵字:衝擊係數、動態放大、變位、ASSHTO
英文摘要 SUMMARY
With the bridge facilities are widely used in present, It is a issue how to be the best design in the economic. The study is about the case of Kaohsiung Harbor network road of viaduct line. Discuss the displacement and impact coefficient due to different road roughness and various vehicle speeds. We can simulate dynamic vehicle loads test and see the characteristics of the bridge by using computer program. This study is about analyzing the pre-stressed concrete box girder bridge of continuous spans with 40.6m length. By studying the formula of impact fraction, it can be found that reducing span length cause increasing of impact fraction. In order to decrease the number of pillars, it is the trend to design large span of steel bridges in the future. It is more difficult to get impact fraction of the bridge by dynamic vehicle load test, so we can execute computer program to get the simulation of DA vale (Dynamic Amplification) compared with impact fraction according to ASSHTO deign code for the promotion of public bridge construction with quality and economy.
Key words: Impact fraction, Dynamic Amplification, displacement, ASSHTO
論文目次 摘要 Ⅰ
Extended Abstract II
誌謝 Ⅴ
List VI
List of Tables Ⅸ
List of Figures Ⅹ
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Purpose 2
1.3 Study Project Items 4
1.4 Brief Introduction of Kaohsiung Harbor Network Road of Viaduct Line 5
Chapter 2 Literature Review 9
2.1.1 Bridge Impact Factors 9
2.1.2 The Dynamic Behavior of The Bridge 18
2.1.3 Earthquake Isolation System 19
2.2.1 Condition of Kaohsiung Harbor Network Road of Viaduct Line 19
2.2.2 Simulation of Vehicle Test 21
2.2.3 Simulation of Vehicle Speed Plan 22
2.2.4 Wheel Elements 23
2.2.5 Moving Wheel Elements with Symmetrical Stiffness Matrices 27
2.2.6 Spring-Damping with Concentrated Mass Elements 29
2.2.7 Rigid Connection 29
2.2.8 Element Combination to Establish Vehicle Analysis Model 30
2.2.9 Newmark Direct Integration Method 30
2.3 Irregularity 31
2.4 Illustrate of The Finite Element Program 32
Chapter 3 Bridge Model Construction 40
3.1 Finite Element Model 40
3.2 Basic Setting of Three-Dimensional Bridge Model 41
3.3.1 Bridge Finite Element Model with Lead Rubber Bearing(LRB) 41
3.3.2 Lead Rubber Baring Numerical Model 41
3.3.3 Material Properties of Lead Rubber Bearing 43
3.3.4 Bridge Finite Element Model 44
3.3.5 Section Set 46
3.3.6 Bridge Pillar Set 46
3.3.7 Bridge Lane Setting 47
3.3.8 Bridge Foundation Setting 48
3.3.9 Whole Bridge Setting 49
Chapter 4 Simulation Results and Discussions 51
4.1 Heavy Truck Simulation 51
4.2.1 Displacement Results of Simulation at Different Vehicle Speeds and Road Irregularity 51
4.2.2 Comparison of The Maximum Displacement in The Same Vehicle Speed with Different
Irregularity 55
4.2.3 Comparison of The Maximum Displacement in The Different Speed with The Same
Irregularity 58
4.2.4 Static Displacement ( )of Finite Element Program Simulation 63
4.3 Comparison of DA (Dynamic Amplification) and Impact Fraction 64
Chapter 5 Conclusions and Future Works 67
5.1 Conclusions 67
5.2 Future Works 69
References 70
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