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系統識別號 U0026-2208201510262400
論文名稱(中文) 包裝材料回收再利用之生產管理策略
論文名稱(英文) Production Management Policy for Package Material Reusing
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業與資訊管理學系碩士在職專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial and Information Management (on the job class)
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 邱宜溱
研究生(英文) Yi-Chen Chiu
學號 R37021252
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 49頁
口試委員 指導教授-謝中奇
口試委員-王泰裕
口試委員-陳梁軒
中文關鍵字 包裝材料  生產管理  再製造  逆物流  回收  綠色產品 
英文關鍵字 Packing Material  Production Management  Remanufacturing  Reverse Logistic  Recycle  Green Product 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本論文為討論包裝材料回收再利用之生產管理策略,即考量在生產過程當中,為了降低生產成本及回收再利用前提之下,使用全新原料與回收料於生產計劃的過程中適當地切換使用。由於使用全新原料的成本相較於回收料來得高,故在產品之品質可以達到客戶要求之前提下,回收料也會被投入進行生產。而全新原料之材料品質上相對於回收料穩定,在生產的時間上能有效被掌控,但回收料是經由回收再製造後投入生產,於生產時參數之整備時間無法確切被掌握。
於本論文中假設了2種模型,分別為模型1全程使用全新原料生產,以及模型2於產品投入時以回收料為首要考量,當產品無法順利產出時,則需在適當的時間切換成全新原料生產。然而,從生產投入批數的假設條件可以得知,模型2的投入時間皆比模型1來得早,但在生產的總成本則較模型1來得低。此外,透過數值分析得知,當全新原料與回收料價格波動時,可得知模型1與模型2生產的最小總成本比較表,以選用適當之材料。除此之外,當整備成本與庫存之持有成本變動時,可得知模型1及模型2最小總成本的變動。
本研究探討使用全新原料與回收料生產過程適當切換的時間點,與相對應生產之成本之分析,以達到成本最小化的目的。對於企業來說,亦可以參考本研究之結果,針對本模型中重要影響之參數進行應用,以做為再製品企業進行獲取利潤之參考。
英文摘要 This study considers a production process with raw (new) materials and recycled materials and determines how to switch the type of materials during production so that the total cost is minimized.
This study first established the mathematical formula, and then calculated the economic production timing numerically. The numerical results revealed that the starting production time when using recycled materials is earlier than that when using raw materials, but the expected total production cost for the former is much lower than that for the latter.
論文目次 摘要.............I
ABSTRACT..........II
誌謝.............V
表目錄...........VIII
圖目錄...........IX
第一章 緒論...........1
1.1 研究背景與動機.........1
1.2 研究目的與範圍.........1
1.3 研究方法與步驟.........2
1.4 論文章節概要.........3
第二章 文獻探討..........4
2.1 包裝材料產業.........4
2.1.1 包裝材料生產製程........5
2.1.2 綠色包裝材料.........6
2.2 再製造產品.........8
2.2.1 再製造產品之社會、經濟層面....9
2.2.2 逆向物流(Reverse Logistic, RL)..10
2.3 再製品之生產管理.......13
2.4 文獻小結..........14
第三章 研究方法..........15
3.1 問題定義與描述.........15
3.2 研究假設..........16
3.3 符號定義..........17
3.4 模型建立..........18
3.4.1 模型1之生產模式........18
3.4.2 模型2之生產模式........20
3.5 模型1及模型2之成本分析......24
3.5.1 模型1之成本分析........25
3.5.2 模型2之成本分析........26
3.5.3 期望成本..........28
第四章 模型驗證與求解.......30
4.1 參數數值..........30
4.2 模型求解..........31
4.3 數值分析..........34
4.3.1 投入批數變動.........35
4.3.2 全新原料生產成本變動......36
4.3.3 回收料生產成本變動......38
4.3.4 整備成本變動.........40
4.3.5 庫存之持有成本變動......41
4.4 小結............43
第五章 結論與未來研究方向......44
5.1 結論............44
5.2 未來研究方向.........45
參考文獻 ............46
參考文獻 一、 中文文獻
李偉法 (民97). 回收聚丙烯之物性探討, 台北科技大學, 台北.
姚佳綺 (民99). 供應鏈管理主規劃排程之研究:考量產品結構設計與生產模式, 台灣大學, 台北.
許可和 (民99). 考量檢驗與修復機制下內外部逆物流之營收管理, 中原大學, 桃園.
陳居山 (民99). 工廠全面生產管理改善活動之探討-以K公司為例, 高雄, 高雄.
黃鈺雯 (民102).電子科技業與非營利組織逆向物流回收效益研究分析, 成功大學, 台南.
黃慨郁 (民95). 應鏈網路中考量回收機制之主規劃排程演算法, 台灣大學, 台北.
黃俊雄、彭武年 (2006). 以先進規劃系統處理突發性生產規劃, Journal of Science and Engineering Technology, 2(4), 27-37.
蘇冠賓 (民98). 回收補貼下綠色產品的營收管理, 中原大學, 桃園.
戴宏民 (2005). 新型包裝材料, 永鑫印刷, 北京.

二、英文文獻
Agarwal, A., Shankar, R. and Tiwari, M.K. (2007). Modeling agility of supply chain, Industrial Marketing Management, 36, 443-457.
Dowlatshahi, S. (2000). Developing a theory of reverse logistics, Interfaces, 30(3), 143-155.
Dowlatshahi, S. (2005). A strategic framework for the design and implementation of remanufacturing operations in reverse logistics, International Journal of Production Research, 43(16), 3455-3480.
Kim, E., Saghafian, S. and Oyen, M.P.V. (2013), Joint control of production, remanufacturing, and disposal activities in a hybrid manufacturing- remanufacturing system, European Journal of Operational Research, 231, 337-348.
Ferrer, G. and Whybark, D.C. (2001). Material planning for a remanufacturing facility. Production and Operations Management, 10(2), 112-124
Guide Jr, V.D.R. (2000). Production planning and control for remanufacturing industry practice and research needs, Journal of Operations Management, 18, 467-483.
Guide Jr, V.D.R, Teunter, R.H. and Wassenhove, L.N.V. (2003). Matching Demand and Supply to Maximize Profits from Remanufacturing, Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, 5(4), 303-316.
Kiesmuller, G.P. (2003), A new approach for controlling a hybrid stochastic manufacturing/remanufacturing system with inventories and different leadtimes, European Journal of Operational Research, 147, 62-71.
Ohta, H., Hirota, T. and Rahim, A. (2007). Optimal production-inventory policy for make-to-order versus make-to-stock based on the M/Er/1 queuing model, Int J Adv Manuf Technol, 33, 36-41.
Konstantaras, I. and Papachristos, S. (2007), Optimal policy and holding cost stability regions in a periodic review inventory system with manufacturing and remanufacturing options, European Journal of Operational Research, 178, 433-448.
Junior, M. L, Filho, G.M. (2012). Production planning and control for remanufacturing: literature review and analysis, Production Planning & Control, 23(6), 419-435.
Kaminsky, P. and Kaya O. (2009). Combined make-to-order and make-to-stock supply chains, IIE Transactions, 41, 103-119.
Inderfurth, K., and Laan, E.V.D. (2001). Leadtime effects and policy improvement for stochastic inventory control with remanufacturing, Int. J. Production Economics, 71, 381-390.
Takahashi, K., Morikawa, K., Myreshka, Takeda, D. and Mizuno, A. (2007). Inventory control for a MARKOVIAN remanufacturing system with stochastic decomposition process, Int. J. Production Economics, 108, 416-425.
Li, Y., Chen, J. and Cai, X. (2007). Heuristic genetic algorithm for capacitated production planning problems with batch processing and remanufacturing, International Journal of Production Economics, 105, 301-317.
Luijsterburg, B. and Goossens, H. (2014). Assessment of plastic packaging waste: Material origin, methods, properties, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 85, 88-97.
Maria E. Mayorga, Hyun-Soo Ahn (2011), Joint management of capacity and inventory in make-to-stock production systems with multi-class demand, European Journal of Operational Research, 212, 312-324.
Mitra, S. (2007). Revenue Management for remanufactured products, Omega, 35, 553-562.
Mutha, A, Pokharel, S. (2009). Strategic network design for reverse logistics and remanufacturing usinng new and old product modules, Computers and Industrial Engineering, 56, 334-346.
Ohta, H., Hirota, T., Rahim, A. (2007). Optimal production-inventory policy for make-to-order versus make-to-stock based on the M/Er/1 queuing model, Int J Adv Manuf Technol, 33, 36-41.
Kaminsky, P. and Kaya, O. (2009). Combined make-to-order/make-to-stock supply chains, IIE Transactions, 41, 103-119.
Siguwa, J.A., Kimes, S.E. and Gassenherimer, J.B. (2003). B2B sales force productivity: applications of revenue management strategies to sales management, Industrial Marketing Management, 32, 539-551.
Srivastava, S.K. (2008). Network design for reverse logistics, Omega, 36, 535-548.
Teunter, R. (2004). Lot-sizing for inventory systems with product recovery, Computers & Industrial Engineering,46(3), 431-441.
Walker, H., Sisto, L.D. and McBain, D. (2008). Drivers and barriers to environmental supply chain management practices: Lesson s form the public and private sectors, Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 14, 69-85.
Wee, H.M., Chung, S.L., (2005). An optimal production model for disposing excessive deteriorating stocks, Journal of the Chinese Institute of Industrial Engineers, 22(5), 369-378.
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