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系統識別號 U0026-2208201414585900
論文名稱(中文) 台灣西北部新竹地區晚中新世至更新世之沉積環境演化模式
論文名稱(英文) Evolution of Depositional Environments from Late Miocene to Pleistocene, Hsinchu, Northwestern Taiwan
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 地球科學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Earth Sciences
學年度 102
學期 2
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 黃瑞澤
研究生(英文) Ruei-Tze Huang
學號 l46011138
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 110頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊耿明
共同指導教授-紀文榮
口試委員-吳樂群
中文關鍵字 新竹地區  沉積環境  岩相分析  超微化石  前陸盆地 
英文關鍵字 Hsinchu  depositional environment  lithofacies analysis  nannofossil  foreland basin. 
學科別分類
中文摘要 台灣西北部前陸盆地約自上新世開始發育,此盆地於新竹地區位於觀音基盤高區與臺西盆地間之過渡區域。本研究針對新竹地區麓山帶內多個野外地層剖面和露頭點從事岩相及超微化石分析,依據現今地理位置分出三個區域,並組成綜合地層柱狀圖,以建構出本研究區域晚中新世至更新世古沉積環境演化模式,最後將研究成果與桃園、苗栗之前人研究進行南北向之比較與討論,解釋台灣西北部前陸盆地發育過程與側向沉積環境演化關係。
本研究根據野外露頭的岩性和各種沈積構造定義十四種岩相,並進一步根據岩相組合解釋成十種沉積環境,最後將具有關聯性之沉積環境結合成兩套沉積體系,分別為受波浪及風暴作用影響之開放性淺海沉積體系以及受波浪及潮汐作用影響之半封閉性潟湖沉積體系。桂竹林層下部至錦水頁岩為開放性淺海沉積體系,錦水頁岩之沉積環境達到最深的遠濱,卓蘭層至頭嵙山層下部為兩套沉積體系交互出現,頭嵙山層上部為礫質辮狀河道環境。
本研究也將目標地層分成五個超微化石帶,可對比至NN11、NN12-NN15、NN16-NN17下部、NN17上部-NN18和NN19a,所對應到的岩性地層分別為桂竹林層下部、桂竹林層上部、錦水頁岩、卓蘭層下部、卓蘭層上部至頭嵙山層下部。根據二次移置化石之判釋結果可推估,位於北埔地區東側造山帶NN3的地層在沉積卓蘭層下部時已剝蝕出露,卓蘭層上部出現大量之二次移置化石,推測與早中新世之地層大量出露剝蝕有關。
將本研究結果與前人於桃園和苗栗地區的研究結果比較顯示,桂竹林層至卓蘭層下部,沉積環境演化趨勢相同,但卓蘭層上部至頭嵙山層下部,沉積環境顯現出北淺南深之趨勢。綜合本研究和前人於桃園和苗栗地區研究結果顯示,前陸盆地近端的發育大致可分為兩個時期:1. NN17至NN18晚期,古沉積環境南北向變化趨勢一致,沉積環境主控於構造運動,是前陸盆地發育的前期;2. NN19a時期,沉積環境於桃園地區為陸相河道,並且向南逐漸變深,是前陸盆地接近填滿狀態的特徵,為前陸盆地發育的中晚期。
英文摘要 This study constructed the evolution of ancient depositional environments from late Miocene to Pliestocene in Hsinchu area. The results are compared to the previous studies to investigate the spatial variation in ancient depositional environments during development of foreland basin in northwestern Taiwan. In the study area, the interpreted ancient depositional enronments of the strata can be grouped into two depositional systems, i.e., wave- and storm-dominated open shallow marine system and wave- and tidal-dominated semi-closed lagoon system. The strata also can be divided into five nannofossil zones, NN11, NN12 to NN15, NN16 to lower NN17, upper NN17 to NN18 and NN19a. There are two episodes of development of foreland basin in its proximal part. First, in the early stage of development, ranging from NN17 to late NN18, the basin had not been filled up but came to a steady state in vertical stacking of similar shallow marine lithofacies. In the next stage, from NN19a thereafter, the basin was almost filled up and the sedimentary environment became deeper from north to south.
論文目次 摘要 I
Extended Abstract III
目錄 VI
表目錄 X
圖目錄 XI
第一章 前言 1
1.1 研究目的 1
1.2 區域地質 1
1.3 岩性地層 6
1.3.1 桂竹林層 6
1.3.2 錦水頁岩 6
1.3.3 卓蘭層 6
1.3.4 頭嵙山層 7
第二章 前人研究 8
2.1 前陸盆地地層層序 8
2.2 磁生物地層(Magnetobiostratigraphy)與地層年代 11
2.2.1世界通用之新生代超微化石地層 11
2.2.2岩性地層、磁生物地層、絕對年代 14
2.3 沉積環境演化 15
第三章 研究方法 17
3.1 古沉積環境解釋 17
3.2 鈣質超微化石定年 17
3.2.1 鈣質超微化石採樣及標本製作方法 17
3.2.2 鈣質超微化石分析 18
第四章 沉積環境解釋 19
4.1 岩相分類 19
4.1.1 礫岩相 19
4.1.2 砂岩相 23
4.1.1 互層相 32
4.1.1 粉砂岩及泥相 34
4.2 岩相組合及環境解釋 38
4.3 沉積體系 43
4.3.1 波浪及風暴影響之開放性淺海沉積體系 43
4.3.2 波浪及潮汐影響之半封閉潟湖沉積體系 46
4.4 沉積環境演化 48
第五章 鈣質超微化石分析 52
5.1 A區域獅頭山地區 52
5.2 A區域中港溪流域 54
5.3 B區域北埔地區 58
5.4 B區域寶山地區 58
第六章 討論 61
6.1 本研究區域Reticulofenestra屬之化石種疑義與討論 61
6.2 超微化石帶之劃分與對比 62
6.3 二次移置化石 69
6.4 北埔地區、中港溪流域地層對比及沉積環境討論 71
6.5 桃竹苗南北向沉積環境對比與盆地發育 71
第七章 結論 74
參考文獻 76
附錄 85
圖版A 野外照片 98
圖版B 超微化石 102
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