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系統識別號 U0026-2208201116243000
論文名稱(中文) 探空火箭計畫-磁阻式磁力計系統開發
論文名稱(英文) Magnetoresistive Magnetometer System Development For Sounding Rocket Mission
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 太空天文與電漿科學研究所
系所名稱(英) Assistant, Institute of Space, Astrophysical and Plasma Sciences(ISAPS)
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 翁正杰
研究生(英文) Jheng-Jie Wong
學號 la6981109
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 94頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳秋榮
口試委員-陳炳志
口試委員-小山孝一郎
中文關鍵字 磁阻  透磁性薄膜  探空火箭 
英文關鍵字 Magnetoresistive  Permalloy  Sounding Rocket 
學科別分類
中文摘要 由於帶電粒子(電子、離子)在地球磁場中往相反方向移動,移動的帶電粒子(電流)會產生磁場。地球磁場會使外來的帶電粒子做出三種不同模式的運動,而其中縱向飄移(longitudinal drift)的運動會在地球電離層中造成所謂的太陽寧靜電流(Solar quiet current, Sq current)。太陽寧靜電流所產生出的磁場可以由各向異性磁阻式(Anisotropic Magneto-Resistive, AMR)磁場感測器所量測而得。漢威公司(Honeywell)所生產HMC1001磁場感測器的精確度加上規格品種齊全,使他們可以提供給我們在磁阻式磁場感測器(Magneto-resistive Magnetometer, MRM)上做出三種軸向的安排。
磁阻式磁場感測器將會裝置在國家太空中心(National Space Organization, NSPO)的探空火箭(Sounding Rocket)上,該探空火箭計畫將在近幾年完成發射動作。磁場感測計的建構是為了量測非常低頻的磁場微小變化以及直流磁場(DC Magnetic Field),此量測結果可以在地球電離層中的低海拔高度提供額外的磁場相關訊息。
英文摘要 As a result of Earth’s magnetic field charge particles (ions and electrons) move in opposite direction. Moving charge particles (electrical current) generate magnetic fields. There are three types of motion resulting from the Earth’s magnetic field and one of them (longitudinal drift) causes Solar quiet (Sq) current in the ionosphere region. Sq current’s magnetic field can be detected using anisotropic magneto-resistive (AMR) sensor. Honeywell’s HMC1001 AMR’s resolution and range specifications proved them suitable to be used in a three axis layout for the Magneto-resistive Magnetometer (MRM) sensor head.
The MRM will be installed onboard National Space Organization’s (NSPO, Taiwan) sounding rocket, its launch planed in recent years. It was designed to measure small variations of very low frequency and DC magnetic fields thus providing additional information on the Earth’s ionosphere at low latitudes.
論文目次 Abstract..................................................i
摘要......................................................ii
致謝.....................................................iii
Contents.................................................iv
List of Figures.........................................vii
List of Tables..........................................xii

CHAPTER 1
Introduction...............................................1
1.1 Motivation.............................................1
1.2 Magnetometers..........................................3
1.3 Literature Review......................................5

CHAPTER 2
The Operating Principle of
Anisotropic Magnetoresistive Sensor........................6
2.1 Basic Magnetism Theorem..............................6
2.1.1 The Units Used Magnetism.............................8
2.2 The Properties of AMR sensor.........................8
2.3 The Angle Between Magnetization Vector
and Easy Axis.......................................11
2.4 Magnetoresistive effect.............................12
2.5 Resistivity Linearity by Barber Pole
Structure...........................................17
2.6 The MRM Sensor Configuration-Wheatstone
Bridge Circuit......................................20

CHAPTER 3
Magnetoresistive Magnetometer
System Design.............................................22
3.1 Introduction........................................22
3.2 MRM Operation Consideration.........................23
3.2.1 Set/Reset (S/R) Strap...............................24
3.3.2 Canceling Offset....................................25
3.2.3 MRM System Operation................................27
3.3 Specification of MRM System.........................30
3.3.1 MRM System Block Diagram............................30
3.3.2 Sensor Head Layout..................................33
3.3.3 Drive Circuit.......................................35
3.3.4 Analog Signal Processing............................42
3.3.5 Voltage-to-Current Converter........................53
3.4 Digital Signal Processing...........................56
3.4.1 Analog-to-Digital Converter (A/D Converter).........57
3.4.2 Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)................58

CHAPTER 4
MRM Functional Test and Data Analysis.....................59
4.1 Resolution Test.....................................60
4.2 Temperature Test....................................63
4.3 Field Test and Compare with Proton Magnetometer.....81

CHAPTER 5
Conclusion and Discussion.................................87
5.1 Summary and Conclusion..............................87
5.2 Future Work.........................................88

CHAPTER 6
References................................................90

APPENDIX
The Honeywell Datasheet of HMC1001/1002 Sensor............94
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