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系統識別號 U0026-2206201719065100
論文名稱(中文) 發泡橡膠感性意象研究
論文名稱(英文) Kansei Image of Sponge Rubber
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業設計學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Design
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 張格禎
研究生(英文) Ko-Chen Chang
學號 P36044140
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 147頁
口試委員 指導教授-馬敏元
口試委員-何俊亨
口試委員-陳璽任
口試委員-謝毓琛
中文關鍵字 發泡橡膠  材質  感性意象  感覺認知  數量化I類 
英文關鍵字 sponge rubber  material  Kansei Image  sensory perception  quantitative theory type I 
學科別分類
中文摘要 發泡橡膠為日常生活中常見的材料,透過發泡技術改變橡膠原有的物理特性。目前發泡橡膠多用在鞋底、隔熱墊等產品,然而隨著生活品質提升,對於產品需求不在只是功能,心理上的滿足亦不可或缺。過去材料研究多注重物理層面,對於材料的感性特質研究較缺乏。故本研究將探討發泡橡膠材料之感性意象為目的,解析其構成要素(加工製程、泡體大小與硬度程度),並進一步分析意象上的認知與差異。
研究目的如下:
(1)篩選感性意象語彙:收集相關文獻與橡膠相關書籍,並委請專業設計師以焦點團體法歸納出相關感性語彙。
(2)材料感性意象分析:分析數據結果建立整體意象與構成要素輪廓圖,並以t檢定與ANVOA分析探討構成要素的意象推移。
(3)感覺評價意象差異:透過主成份分析發泡橡較感性意象因子,並比較受測者在不同感覺上的意象差異。
(4)構成要素與感性意象之權重關係:利用數量化I類分析發泡橡膠之感性語彙對應其構成要素的權重關係。
研究結果發現,發泡橡膠感性意象可歸納為三個主要因素:「氣質格調之心理因素」、「自然量感之物理因素」與「品味潮流之時間因素」。泡體大小對於感性意象呈現全面影響是最關鍵之構成要素。而視覺、觸覺與視觸覺不同感覺情況下,意象的評價也顯然不同,說明單靠一種感覺是無法全面瞭解發泡橡膠的意象。本研究之成果可提供產業界與設計師在產品設計與運用材質時能有更明確溝通的參考依據,利用正確的構成要素來營造符合消費者的內心需求,以感性的力量為產品營造觸動人心的關鍵。
英文摘要 Sponge rubber is a type of commonly seen materials that transforms rubber’s original physical property. Its current use is mostly for products such as shoe soles and insulation cushions. However, as our living quality improves, people expect products for not only their functionality but also mental fulfillment. In the past, R&D in materials is more focused on the physical perspectives rather than sensory characteristics. Hence, this research will discuss the purpose of sponge rubber’s sensory image and furthermore analyze its sensory perception and differences.
Its research purpose is in the following:
(1) Screen sensory image’s vocabularies: Gather relevant documents and rubber relative books, and invite professional designers to summarize relevant sensory vocabularies using Focus Group method;
(2) Conduct material sensory image analysis: Analyze data result, establish overall image and constructed element profile diagram, and using T-test and ANOVA analysis to review constructed element’s image transition;
(3) Evaluate image differences based on feelings: Using major ingredients to analyze sponge rubber’s sensory image factors and compare testing object’s image differences for different feelings;
(4) Conduct weighted relationship of constructed elements and sensory images: Using quantized type I analysis method to analyze the weighted relationship of sponge rubber’s sensory vocabularies and their corresponding constructed elements.
The research result shows that sponge rubber’s sensory image can be summarized into three major factors: “classy style psychological factors”, “natural quantization physical factors”, and “trendy taste time-associate factors”. However, due to different feelings incurred from the sense of sight, sense of touch, and sense of sight and touch, it also produces different image evaluation. This explains that relying on only one kind of feelings can not have a thorough understanding of sponge rubber’s images. This research result can also provide a reference for the industry and designers to be able to more accurately communicate regarding product design and material utilization. Using correct constructed factors, it helps construct products that match customers’ intrinsic demands; and, using sensitivity as the strength to create products is the key to moving people’s heart.
論文目次 摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS v
LIST OF TABLES viii
LIST OF FIGURES ix

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background and Motivation 1
1.2 Research Purpose 3
1.3 Research Scope and Limitation 4
1.4 Conceptual Framework 5

CHAPTER 2 Literature Review 7
2.1 Sponge Rubber 7
2.1.1 Rubber formula 8
2.1.2 Sponge rubber processing 8
2.1.3 Preliminary Summary 10
2.2 Material and Cognition 10
2.2.1 Material and Texture 11
2.2.2 Preliminary Summary 12
2.2.3 Vision, Tactile and Visual-tactile 12
2.2.4 Preliminary Summary 17
2.3 Kansei 17
2.3.1 Kansei image 18
2.3.2 Kansei Engineering 19
2.3.3 Preliminary Summary 19
2.4 Experimental Methods and Statistical Analysis 19
2.4.1 Focus Group 19
2.4.2 Semantic Differential 20
2.4.3 Paired Sample T-test 20
2.4.4 ANOVA 21
2.4.5 Quantification theory type I 21
2.5 Summary 22

CHAPTER 3 Experimental Methods and Procedure 23
3.1 Experimental procedure 23
3.2 Experimental planning 24
3.2.1 Experimental subject 25
3.2.2 Experimental sample constructed elements 25
3.2.3 Research and preparation of sponge rubber image 28
3.2.4 Preparation and physical properties of sponge rubber 28
3.2.5 Questionnaire 29
3.2.6 Experimental process 30

CHAPTER 4 Research Findings 33
4.1 Screening of sponge rubber Kansei vocabulary 33
4.2 Sponge rubber overall image 34
4.3 Discussion on sponge rubber and Kansei image 35
4.4 Sponge rubber image profile 36
4.4.1 Big foaming sponge rubber image profile 37
4.4.2 Small foaming sponge rubber image profile 37
4.4.3 No foaming sponge rubber image profile 38
4.5 Relationship between constructed factors of sponge rubber and Kansei image 38
4.5.1 T-test of processing perspective 38
4.5.2 T-test of hardness perspective 39
4.5.3 ANOVA of size of foams perspective 40
4.6 Tactile, visual, visual-tactile in evaluating the image perception factors 42
4.6.1 Kansei image major ingredient analysis 42
4.6.2 Naming for Sponge Rubber Sensory Image Factors 43
4.6.3 Analysis the structure of Kansei Imagery of three senses 44
4.7 Analysis on Differences of Sensory Images amongst tactile, visual and visual-tactile 45
4.8 Establishing Weighting Combination of Sensory Images for Constructed Factors 46
4.8.1 Analysis on Constructed Factors and Kansei Images Association 46
4.8.2 Making Constructed Factors Weighting Table 48
4.9 Weighting Analysis of Tactile, Visual, visual-tactile and Kansei Images 49
4.9.1 Tactile 49
4.9.2 Visual 50
4.9.3 Visual-tactile 50
4.9.4 Summary 51

CHAPTER 5 Discussion 53
5.1 Overall images of sponge rubber 53
5.2 Sponge Rubber’s Constructed Factors and Change of Images 54
5.3 Differences and Operation of Tactile, Visual, and Visual-tactile Images 57
5.4 Kansei Image Factors and Constructed Factors Weighting Relationship 58

CHAPTER 6 Conclusion and Implication 62
6.1 Research Result 62
6.1.1 Establishes Kansei images of sponge rubber and profile image 63
6.1.2 Control elements will affect the image of the evolve 63
6.1.3 The Kansei image differences in tactile, visual, and visual-tactile 64
6.1.4 Establish the weighted table for Kansei images 65
6.2 Research Review and Future Prospects 66
6.2.1 The weighted table is used for validation of the product 66

BIBLIOGRAPHIES 67
中文文獻 67
英文文獻 70
Appendix A Sample 72
Appendix B Questionnaire 73
Appendix C Relationship between constructed factors of sponge rubber and Kansei image 75
Appendix D Differences in tactile, visual and visual-tactile 82
Appendix E Quantification theory type I 85
Appendix F 中文精簡版 86
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