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系統識別號 U0026-2202201013424600
論文名稱(中文) 空間頻率對臉孔辨識之同種優勢的影響
論文名稱(英文) The effect of spatial frequency on the Own Race Advantage in face recognition
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 認知科學研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Cognitive Science
學年度 98
學期 1
出版年 99
研究生(中文) 林潔如
研究生(英文) Jie-Ju Lin
學號 u7696106
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 44頁
口試委員 口試委員-簡惠玲
口試委員-李宏偉
指導教授-龔俊嘉
中文關鍵字 同種優勢  配置  部件  空間頻率 
英文關鍵字 Own race advantage  configuration  components  spatial frequency 
學科別分類
中文摘要 在臉孔議題上,人們對同種族的臉孔有較佳的區辨和再認表現,稱為同種族優勢(Owen-Race advantage, ORA)。過去研究普遍認為為,在臉孔辨識上部件(components,如眼、鼻、眉等等) 以及配置(configuration,意指部件之間的距離)都是臉孔的辨識的重要依據;並且都是同種優勢誘發的來源。在區辨作業的研究中(Goffaux et.al,2006) 研究者發現如果改變臉孔上的部件,較易在高頻率轉換的臉孔上被知覺,若是改變臉孔上的配置,則比較容易在低頻轉換臉孔下被知覺;因此,似乎建議不同頻段的空間訊息,對辨識臉孔歷程有不同的影響。但文獻中尚未有系統性的探討,因此本研究擬系統性的操弄空間頻率,視其對不同辨視歷程的影響變化。
本研究包含兩個實驗,實驗一為種族臉孔再認實驗,藉由五種不同頻率的種族臉孔,包含最低頻率、低頻率、正常頻率、高頻率及最高頻率,檢驗對同種優勢效果的影響差異。其結果顯示同種族優勢的存在,僅出現於特定頻率範圍之內,隨著頻率的增加和降低都會影響同種族優勢,在太低或太高的頻率之下會使此效果消失。
實驗二為臉孔區辨學習實驗,操弄兩組低頻率和兩組高頻率的臉孔,並且藉由包含回饋的訓練,觀察熟悉程度的增加對同種族和不同種族在學習臉孔的表現。其結果顯示低頻率的臉孔在同種族臉的學習表現普遍較好,但種族優勢效果只出現在特定頻率臉孔上,且隨著熟悉程度提升而削弱。高頻臉孔上則是發現非同種族表現普遍較好,且此特定頻率的他種族優勢亦隨熟悉度削弱。本研究結果(a)與過去提出之,種族優勢源自於配置和部件說法一致,但進一步提出空間頻率在對種族優勢的作用範圍;(b)進一步闡明空間頻率與熟悉性造成的影響性在區辨作業上對種族的交互影響性。因此,對於人類臉孔辨識系統的動態歷程,提供了進一步的描述。
英文摘要 People are able to distinguish and perform better in recognition of own race facial characteristics in facial-recognitions. This is known as ORA (Own Race Advantage). Past studies have identified components (facial feature: eyes, nose, etc.) and configurations (the spatial between facial features) of the faces to be factors influencing facial recognitions. In previous study, Goffauz et al., (2006) indicated that changes in components will lead to higher facial recognitions in high spatial while changes in configurations will lead to higher facial recognitions in low spatial. This implied that different spatial have differential effects on facial recognition. So far, this issue is still uninvestigated from a systemic discussion.

Current research includes two studies. In study 1 facial recognition task, we manipulated five frequencies (from lowest to highest), own- and other-race effects. The result showed that own race advantage implied in optional spatial frequencies, is limited in the certain frequencies. The discrimination task was trained with feed-back used in study 2. We manipulated two groups of low and high spatial frequencies and investigated whether the effect of familiarly acts on own race advantage. Results indicate that under low frequency, same race performance is better than other race, but the own race advantage appears in certain frequencies. A further analysis shows that in contrast with other-race effects, performance of own-race facial recognition lowers as frequency of change lowers. Under high frequency, component clues play an important role in identifying other-race facial characteristics. Under relative high frequencies, we can find other-race advantage. In addition to corresponding with configuration and components perspective of ORA, current research finding (a) further elaborates the span of influence of ORA but also showed that different frequencies of different-race facial recognition have functional discrepancies. (b) showed interaction effect of spatial frequency and familiarity effect on discrimination task. Thus, our findings provide a deeper insight of human dynamic mechanism in facial recognition system.
論文目次 Acknowledgenent............................................i
Abstract..................................................ii
Abstract (Chinese Translation) ...........................iv
Table of Contents ........................................vi
List of Figures .........................................vii
List of Appendixes .....................................viii
Introduction...............................................1
Whole/ part processing: Configuration and Components......2
The Inversion Effect......................................5
The present research......................................8
Experiment 1..............................................12
1.1Objectives ............................................12
1.2Method ................................................12
1.4 Results and Discussion................................15
Experiment 2 .............................................20
2.1 Objectives............................................20
2.2 Method ...............................................20
2.4 Results and Discussion................................22
General Discussion .......................................32
References................................................37
Appendixes ...............................................44
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