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系統識別號 U0026-2201201116055900
論文名稱(中文) 高齡人口喪偶與抑鬱指數變化趨勢的關聯
論文名稱(英文) A Longitudinal Study of the Relationship between Depression Symptoms and Loss of a Spouse by the Elderly in Taiwan
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 經濟學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Economics
學年度 99
學期 1
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 李一誠
研究生(英文) Yi-Cheng Li
學號 u5697106
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 45頁
口試委員 召集委員-蔡群立
指導教授-田維華
口試委員-劉立凡
中文關鍵字 高齡人口  喪偶  抑鬱指數 
英文關鍵字 mental health  the elderly  loss of a spouse 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本文探討喪偶對於老年人口心理憂鬱方面的影響及變化,觀察老年喪偶者在長期和短期之情緒壓力的差別。資料來源為台灣地區中老年身心社會生活狀況追蹤調查,其中包含了1989、1993、1996、1999、2003歷經五次的追蹤資料,並使用固定效果模型(Fixed-effect Model)來估計老年人口喪偶後的抑鬱指數的變化,此分析方法結合時間序列與橫斷面的資訊,有效降低應變數遺漏導致的模型設定偏誤,使分析結果更有效率性及正確性。實證結果顯示,喪偶者其抑鬱指數較未喪偶者為高;且以配偶死亡半年到兩年間之短期來看,喪偶會造成短期憂鬱的情形,且女性樣本比男性樣本的效果強,故本文研究結果可瞭解到喪偶造成老年人口憂鬱情緒的變化,進而能對失去配偶的老人投注更多關懷與幫助,像是制定政府政策鼓勵推動以家人為主的非正式照護支持。
英文摘要 This study analyzes the relationship between the loss of a spouse and depression symptoms for the elderly in Taiwan both in long term and short term frames. Data utilized in this study are from the 1989,1993,1996,1999,and 2003 Survey of Health and Living Status of the Elderly in Taiwan (SHLSE). The longitudinal dataset enables a fixed-effect model to be performed to avoid the omitted variable problem.
Results indicate that the death of a spouse and the CES-D score is positively related in general. However, during the first 6 to 24 months after the death of a spouse, the CES-D scores are high for the one who has suffered the death of a spouse. Specifically, the effects are strong among females. Thus, government can further improve the mental health status of the windowed elderly by promoting long term care service such as encouraging family members to provide informal care.
論文目次 目錄
第一章 研究動機與目的………………………………………………………3
第二章 前言……………………………………………………………………5
第三章 文獻回顧………………………………………………………………13
1. 高齡口憂鬱因子的文獻………………………………………...…13
2. 婚姻及喪偶與高齡人口憂鬱狀態文獻…………………………...14
第四章 實證模型分析…………………………………………………………19
1. 固定效果模型……………………………………………………...19
2. 隨機效果模型……………………………………...………………21
3. Hausman test………………………………………………………................21
第五章 資料來源及變數說明………………………………………………..22
1. 資料來源………………………………………................22
2. 變數建構…………………………………………………………...23
3. 敘述統計……………………………………………………….....24
第六章 實證結果…………………………………………………………...29
1. CES-D整體(1)………………………………………………................……29
2. CES-D整體(2) …… ………………………………………….................30
3. CES-D男女(1)………………………………...............………………30
4. CES-D男女(2)……………………………..........................31
第七章 結論與研究限制…………………………………………………...35
1. 結論………………………………….......................35
2. 研究限制……………………………………………….........…36

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