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論文名稱(中文) 嘉義沿海低地淹水調節策略-以嘉義縣北華村為例
論文名稱(英文) Flooding Mitigation Strategies In Coastal Lowland :A Case Study In Beihua ,Chiayi
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 水利及海洋工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Hydraulics & Ocean Engineering
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 李晉安
研究生(英文) Jin-An Li
學號 N86071146
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 145頁
口試委員 指導教授-王筱雯
口試委員-張駿暉
口試委員-郭品含
中文關鍵字 沿海低地  淹水模擬  淹水調節策略  鹽田滯洪  地文性淹水模式 
英文關鍵字 Coastal lowland  Flooding simulation  Flooding Mitigation Strategies  Flood detention in salt pan  PHD model 
學科別分類
中文摘要 嘉義縣北華村為嘉義沿海低窪地區,目前僅靠機械抽排方式進行村落之排水,在暴雨事件來臨時減緩淹水之效果有限,導致村落居民在颱風豪雨季節飽受淹水之困擾,造成當地居民之生命財產安全遭受極大威脅。布袋鹽場在2001年全面廢曬,留下了許多鹽田土地,舊五區鹽田也是廢曬鹽田之一,在廢曬後長期無人管理,導致鹽田無法有效利用,因此本研究以嘉義縣北華村以及舊五區鹽田作為研究區,選定了三個淹水調節策略,分別為村落圍堤設置、設置舊五區田旁排水渠道以及抽水站設置,以減緩當地之淹水情形並探討舊五區鹽田之滯洪功能。本研究藉由地文性淹水模式(Physiographic drainage-inundation Model, PHD model)並將三個淹水調節策略設計成不同的情境探討北華村以及舊五區鹽田在不同降雨重現期下之淹水情形。模擬結果可發現村落圍堤設置可減緩北華村村落之淹水情形,但北華村周圍區域之淹水情形則會更加嚴重;在舊五區鹽田旁設置排洪渠道後,舊五區鹽田對於北華村村落以及村落周圍區域有滯洪功能;抽水站設置後可發現北華村村落以及其周圍區域之減緩淹水效果是有限的。本研究利用淹水模擬方式探討在不同淹水調節策略下,北華村淹水減緩情形以及舊五區鹽田之滯洪功能,提供給當地政府或決策者做淹水治理時可參考本研究之結果以及在開發舊五區鹽田前一定要考慮到其具有調節淹水之功能。
英文摘要 Beihua Village is located in a low-lying coastal part of Chiayi County. At present, water drainage in the village is carried out only by means of pumping water. However, when heavy rainfall occurs, the safety of the residents’ lives and property is greatly threatened. The salt industry in Budai Salt Pans of Chiayi County ended in 2001, leaving large expanses of abandoned salt pans. The Old 5th Salt Pan, one of these abandoned salt pans, is located next to Beihua village. After being left unmanaged since the termination of the salt industry, the water management infrastructure in the salt pans have grown old and cannot be used effectively. Therefore, in this research I use Physiographic Drainage-Inundation Model (PHD model) and flooding mitigation strategies to understand the flooding situation of Beihua Village and the Old 5th Salt Pan. The flooding mitigation strategies include improving dikes around the village, drainage channels beside the salt pan and pumping stations. The results of the flood simulation show that Beihua Village flooding can be alleviated after building dikes, but it will result in an increase of flooding in surrounding areas. On the other hand, the simulation shows that the construction of channels near The Old 5th Salt Pan has the function of flood detention for villages and surrounding areas, while the effect of setting up pumping stations is limited for the villages and their surrounding areas. It can be seen from the simulation results that the influence of flooding in surrounding areas must be taken into account when setting various flood regulation strategies in the area, and the The Old 5th Salt Pan has the function of flood mediation. The results of this study can be used for reference by local government or policy makers in future planning of flood mitigation and The Old 5th Salt Pan's development.
論文目次 摘要 I
英文摘要 III
致謝 VII
目錄 IX
圖目錄 XI
表目錄 XIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機及目的 1
1.2 研究架構 2
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1 淹排水模擬的應用 5
2.2 地文性淹排水模式來源及應用 6
2.3 小結 7
第三章 研究區域及方法 9
3.1 研究區域 9
3.1.1 地文概述 10
3.1.2 水文概述 11
3.1.3 集水區內水利設施 16
3.2 頻率分析 21
3.2.1 機率分布 21
3.2.2 適合度檢定 25
3.2.3 選定最佳分佈 27
3.3 雨型設計 27
3.4 數值模擬:地文性淹排水模式 29
3.4.1 演算網格布置 29
3.4.2 擬似二維流基本方程式 30
3.4.3 數值模式 34
3.4.4 演算流程 35
3.4.5 現況淹水調查及模擬 36
3.4.6 情境設定 36
3.4.7 研究假設 37
3.5 生態系統服務 38
3.5.1 定義及分類方式 38
3.5.2 生態系統服務之相關文獻 39
第四章 結果與討論 41
4.1 資料調查之成果 41
4.1.1 舊五區鹽田之高程 41
4.1.2 曼寧n值設定 44
4.1.3 集水區內排水渠道堤防高程或堤高之設置 48
4.1.4 豪雨事件之降雨延時 49
4.1.5 歷史淹水事件之調查結果 50
4.2 頻率分析結果 53
4.3 雨型設計結果 57
4.4 模式設定結果 58
4.4.1 研究區網格的繪製 58
4.4.2 村落分區 59
4.5 0823降雨事件之現況淹水模擬 60
4.6 各情境的模擬結果及討論 62
4.6.1 設計雨型之現況淹水模擬 62
4.6.2 村落圍堤設置 65
4.6.3 設置舊五區旁排水渠道 80
4.6.4 設置抽水站 104
4.7 小結 129
第五章 結論與建議 137
5.1 結論 137
5.2 建議 138
參考文獻 141

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