||Effect of Manganese Content and Cooling Rate on Transverse Crack in Low Carbon Steel
||Department of Materials Science and Engineering
low carbon steel
本研究首先取樣含有橫向裂紋之SM570鑄胚，觀察裂紋附近之金相組織與裂紋斷裂面之表面結構，待觀察完鑄胚橫向裂紋後再針對不同錳含量(0.67、1.39與1.98 wt%)做沃斯田鐵化，再藉由冷卻速率(0.01、0.05、0.09、3 ℃/s)冷卻至Ar3溫度下水淬以保持高溫時肥粒鐵之微觀結構，並使用三點彎曲搭配數位影像相關係數法來分析應變分布，再比對拉伸表面形成之裂紋與其原始金相結構做比較。
Transverse crack, which perpendicular to the direction of continuous casting, is a main problem in straightening. Although the problem of the transverse crack formation is suppressed by tailoring the microstructure on the slab surface, the transverse cracks having the length of 2 to 15 mm are still found on the subsurface. Thus, this study was separated into two parts. Firstly, the transverse cracks were characterized in low carbon steel of SM570 in order to understand the transverse cracks. Secondly, three steels having Mn content of 0.67, 1.39 and 1.98 wt% which had different chemical composition from SM570 were employed to know the effect of Mn addition on the formation of transverse cracks. In addition, the cooling rates of 0.01, 0.05, 0.09 and 3 ℃/s were investigated after heat treatment to understand the effect of the cooling rate on the formation of transverse cracks. Then, OM and SEM were used to analyze the morphology and microstructure. Dilatometer and three-point bending together with digital image correlation (DIC) technique were applied to measure the Ar3 temperature and the mechanical property, respectively.
In the first part, it was observed that transverse cracks occur and grow along ferrite formed on the boundaries of austenite, and the fracture mode was composed of brittle and ductile fracture. In the second part, increase in manganese content from 0.67 to 1.98 wt% leads to increasing the fraction of ferrite film forming on the boundaries of austenite from 6.4 to 24.3 % and to reducing the thickness of ferrite from 22.7 to 13.0 µm at a cooling rate of 0.05 ℃/s. At manganese content of 1.39wt% the increasing cooling rate from 0.01 to 3 ℃/s results in increasing the fraction of ferrite film forming on the boundaries of austenite from 14.4 to 36.1 % and to reducing the thickness of ferrite from 18.9 to 11.4 µm.
Extended Abstract II
第一章 前言 1
第二章 文獻回顧 3
第三章 實驗方法 28
第四章 實驗結果 57
第五章 討論 122
第六章 結論 136
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