系統識別號 U0026-2108201715353300
論文名稱(中文) 支撐腳位置對於踢球表現之影響
論文名稱(英文) The effect of support leg placement on soccer kicking performance.
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 體育健康與休閒研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies
學年度 105
學期 2
出版年 106
研究生(中文) 歐昱呈
研究生(英文) Yu-Cheng Ou
學號 RB6041095
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 32頁
口試委員 指導教授-鄭匡佑
中文關鍵字 足球  支撐腳  碰撞  動作控制  準確度 
英文關鍵字 soccer  support leg  impact  motion control  accuracy 
中文摘要 本研究的目的是探討支撐腳位置的不同,對於踢球表現是否有影響,並以最大球速及準確度作為表現之依據。實驗共招募10位男性自願參與者,皆為成功大學足球校隊成員並受過兩年以上正式訓練,且慣用腳皆為右腳。最大球速測試中,讓受試者從9個不同支撐腳位置盡最大努力踢球,紀錄碰撞瞬間踢球腳的速度和碰撞後的球速。於準確度測試中,在不限制支撐腳位置前提下請受試者盡最大努力將球踢入目標範圍,紀錄支撐腳位置及命中目標範圍次數。事後再將得到的數據以SPSS統計分析軟體進行重複量測單因子變異數分析,探討支撐腳位置分別對於碰撞瞬間腳踝速度與碰撞後球速的影響,以及利用二因子變異數分析探討支撐腳的行與列(左右與前後)位置對於踢球碰撞瞬間腳踝速度與碰撞後球速的影響。在準確度的方面,以卡方檢定來分析在要求準確度下支撐腳偏好的位置。實驗結果顯示,在最大球速測試中,支撐腳在外側位置(離球較遠)時踢出的球速顯著低於內側位置,當中以位置5(支撐腳9個位置的中央)有最佳的最大球速。碰撞瞬間腳踝速度較不受支撐腳位置的影響。而在準確度測試中,受試者較不喜歡外側位置,支撐腳位於外側的總次數顯著低於內側位置,而在準確度中在扣除受試者特殊習慣的情況下,以位置5表現最佳。經本實驗觀察,雖然不同受試者可能對於支撐腳位置有所偏好,但總結來說支撐腳中心的前後位置與足球中心相同,且不能太過外側時,會有相對較佳的最大球速及準確度。
英文摘要 The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of support leg placement on soccer kicking performance (maximum ball speed and kicking accuracy). Ten male participants from the soccer team of National Cheng Kung University were recruited. They had more than two years of formal training with the right leg as the dominant limb. In the first (maximum speed) test, participants tried their best to kick the ball for maximum ball speed from nine different support foot positions. Both ball speed and the kicking foot speed were recorded. In the second (accuracy) test, participants kicked the ball into target area without restricting the support foot position. The support leg placements and the number of successful shots were recorded. In the maximum speed test, ball speeds produced by support foot placement at medial positions were significantly higher than those at lateral positions. Position 5 (center of the 9 support foot positions) resulted in the highest ball speed. In the accuracy test, lateral support foot positions were the least preferred. The number of successful shots produced from these positions was significantly lower than that in medial positions. Position 5 also had the best performance. To sum up, although athletes might choose different positions for support foot placements, maximum ball speed and better accuracy could be expected when the support foot and the ball were side-by-side without being separated too much apart.
論文目次 目錄
致謝 i
摘要 ii
英文延伸摘要 iii
目錄 xiv
表目錄 xvi
圖目錄 xvii
第一章 緒論 - 1 -
第一節 研究背景 - 1 -
第二節 研究目的 - 2 -
第三節 研究假設 - 2 -
第二章 文獻探討 - 3 -
第一節 足部與足球之碰撞 - 3 -
第二節 足球球速 - 3 -
第三節 準確度 - 4 -
第四節 支撐腳位置 - 6 -
第五節 總結 - 6 -
第三章 研究方法 - 8 -
第一節 受試者 - 8 -
第二節 儀器設備 - 8 -
第三節 名詞操作定義 - 9 -
第四節 實驗設置 - 10 -
第五節 實驗流程 - 13 -
第六節 資料分析 - 14 -
第七節 統計分析 - 14 -
第四章 研究結果 - 15 -
第一節 支撐腳位置對於最大球速之影響 - 15 -
第二節 支撐腳位置對於碰撞瞬間腳的速度之影響 - 19 -
第三節 要求準確度對支撐腳位置之影響 - 23 -
第五章 討論 - 25 -
第一節 支撐腳位置對於最大球速之影響 - 25 -
第二節 支撐腳位置對於碰撞瞬間腳的速度之影響 - 27 -
第三節 要求準確度對支撐腳位置之影響 - 28 -
第四節 結論 - 29 -
參考文獻 - 30 -

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