Xiang-Yu, was one of the rebels causing the downfall of the Qin dynasty. He became the most powerful warlord, he proclaimed himself “Overlord of Western Chu” and ruled a vast area of land covering parts of present-day, but he was finally defeated by his competitor Liu-bang, the eventual founder of the Han dynasty. Thousand years later, Xiang-yu becomes deity who believe that brings bless and protect peoples, previously, Xiang-yu worship were considered as unorthodoxly deities, thus, worship ceremony was forbidden during Southern dynasty. During Song dynasty, generals’ worship flourished in that period, but Xiang-yu worship still unorthodoxly, nevertheless, folk beliefs still working till present-days. His heroism, especially during the final battle, has been glorified in Chinese stories and poetry.
The thesis focuses on annals, literary and worship, with three perspectives to probe the causes of the Xiang-yu’s spiritualization and how the official attitude toward Xiang-yu’s worship, besides, how Xiang-yu images was by successive literati and Vietnamese envoys viewpoint. Finally, the introduction and the current situation of Xiang-yu worship in Fujian province and Taiwan.