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系統識別號 U0026-2107201117265200
論文名稱(中文) 台灣東部海岸山脈活躍弧陸碰撞過程中弧前盆地上新世扇三角洲及更新世深海扇礫岩沉積研究
論文名稱(英文) Sedimentological study on Pliocene fan delta and Pleistocene deep-sea fan conglomerates in forearc basin of Coastal Range, Eastern Taiwan, during active arc-continent collision
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 地球科學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Earth Sciences
學年度 99
學期 2
出版年 100
研究生(中文) 林秋婷
研究生(英文) Chiou-Ting Lin
學號 l46984048
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 66頁
口試委員 指導教授-饒瑞鈞
共同指導教授-黃奇瑜
口試委員-鄧屬予
口試委員-紀文榮
中文關鍵字 海岸山脈  弧陸碰撞  水璉礫岩  扇三角洲  深海河道 
英文關鍵字 Coastal Range  Arc-continent collision  Suilien conglomerate  Fan-delta  Deep-sea channel 
學科別分類
中文摘要 海岸山脈的地質學研究已逾五十年載,至今也累積了相當數量的學術著作,唯探討水璉礫岩的沉積學研究篇幅甚少。水璉礫岩為宇佐美衛(1939)首次發表的岩段,徐鐵良(1956)繪製海岸山脈地質圖幅時,將此岩段視為大港口層中所夾的礫岩層,這些礫岩層主要出露於海岸山脈北段鹽寮村及奇美村秀姑巒溪沿岸。根據生物地層學研究結果,這兩個剖面的礫岩至少可以劃分為兩個不同時期,前者被推測是晚上新世而後者已確定為早更新世(Chang and Chen, 1968; Chi et al, 1981)。Teng(1982)認為水璉礫岩是一深海河道礫岩沉積,古地理環境類似於當今台灣東南海域;然而,Dorsey(1988)認為水璉礫岩指示上部沖積扇河道、波浪作用的辮狀三角洲前緣、辮狀河系的三角洲平原相。水璉礫岩過去在沉積年代與環境的解釋上存在各種不同的爭議性,為釐清其中之差異應將這兩套礫岩層獨立探討之。

經野外地質調查、沉積學及微古生物學研究,分析鹽寮坑溪剖面及秀姑巒溪剖面得到的結果為:(1)鹽寮坑溪剖面的礫岩層與下伏大港口層有一侵蝕不整合面,且地層最上部完全未覆蓋任何地層,指示水璉礫岩當時沉積位置可能非常靠近碰撞盆地邊緣甚至已經有部分已經出露,且未與大港口層呈現水平相變化;秀姑巒溪剖面的礫岩層與大港口濁流岩層呈整合接觸且交互出現,且奇美礫岩之上仍覆有厚層濁流岩沉積物,說明與大港口層之間確實呈現水平相變化的關係。(2)鹽寮地區出露之礫岩層年代為晚上新世(3.60-1.68 Ma),古水流方向由西往東;奇美地區年代為早更新世(1.68-0.65 Ma),古水流方向由北往南。(3)消失的古利吉混雜岩:晚上新世弧前盆地礫岩層沉積時應有一相當於利吉混雜岩體的地質單元已經出露,並做為物源區提供物質至水璉弧前盆地沉積成為水璉礫岩;亦即,利吉混雜岩或部分弧前盆地的出露暗示著早期台東縱谷在晚上新世已開始生成。(4)鹽寮地區出露之礫岩層為弧陸碰撞早期所形成的水下扇三角洲,而奇美地區則顯示為一為深海河道/深海峽谷的沉積環境。研究結果指出,在成熟期弧陸碰撞初期,造成晚上新世水下扇三角洲演化至早更新世深海扇系統的主要原因可能與台東縱谷水系的成熟度及輸砂量改變有關連,發育成熟的縱谷水系帶來大規模輸砂量,與海水接觸後形成的高濃度濁流逐漸侵蝕並形成深海河道。
英文摘要 Over the past few years, a considerable number of articles have been devoted to the study of Coastal Range in eastern Taiwan, but so far only a few of them have concerned the sedimentology of the Suilien Conglomerate. The Conglomerate sequence in northern Coastal Range was recognized by Hsu (1956) as a conglomerate facies of the Takangkou Formation. It was exposed in two areas: the Yenliao village along the coast and near the Chimei village along Hsiukuluan river. Biostratigraphic studies suggested that the former were deposited in Late Pliocene, whereas the later was dated as early Pleistocene (Chang and Chen, 1968; Chi et al, 1981). Teng (1982) considered that the Suilien Conglomerate was deposited in a deep-sea fan environment. In contrast Dorsey et al. (1988) described the Suilien Conglomerate as shallow marine sequences that deposited in upper-fan channel, wave-reworked braid-delta front, and braid-stream delta plain. This suggests that the Suilien Conglomerate may have two independent horizons which will be discriminate.

We study sedimentlogy, micropaleontology, paleocurrent measurements, and province analysis of conglomerates in Yenliaokeng river section (Suilien Conglomerate) and Hsiukuluan river section (Chimei Conglomerate). The following results were obtained: (1) In Yenliaokeng river section, Takangkou formation is unconformable covered with Suilien Conglomerate and the top of sequence is not covered by any stratum. On the contrary, the Chimei Conglomerate is interfingered with Takangkou Formation. There is no evidence that Suilien Conglomerate is a member of the Takangkou Formatiom, but the occurrence of Chimei Conglomerate is in agreement with Hsu’s(1956)description. (2) The Suilien Conglomerate was deposited in Late Pliocene (3.60-1.68 Ma) and paleoflow was dominantly toward the east. The age of Chimei Conglomerate is Early Pleistocene (1.68-0.65Ma) and paleocurrent was toward the south. (3) The vanishing proto-Lichi Mélange has exposed in late Pliocene and supplied the ophiolitic fragments to Suilien and Chimei Conglomerate. In other words, the Longitudinal valley may be formed at least in late Pliocene (>3.65 Ma). (4) The Shulien Conglomerate is a subaqueous fan-delta system, while Chimei Conglomerate is a deep-sea fan system. Our findings suggest that the evolution process from fan-delta to deep sea channel system is highly linked to river developments along the Longitudinal Valley during evolution from an incipient stage to an advanced stage of arc-continent collision in the last 5 Ma.
論文目次 摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
表目錄 IV
圖目錄 V
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 區域地質架構 3
第三章 研究方法 8
3.1 野外地質調查 8
3.2 微體古生物分析 9
3.3 沉積物組成與物源討論 10
第四章 生物地層學研究 11
4.1 樣本處理 11
4.2 鹽寮坑溪剖面化石群與分布 12
4.3 秀姑巒溪剖面化石群與分布 17
4.4微體古生物化石種屬交叉分析結果 19
第五章 沉積學與沉積相分析研究 22
5.1 沉積相分類方法 22
5.2 鹽寮坑溪(十號橋)剖面 35
5.3 秀姑巒溪(瑞港公路)剖面 43
第六章 沉積物組成與物源分析 46
6.1 礫岩之成分統計 46
6.2 古水流測量與統計 46
第七章 討論 50
7.1海岸山脈水璉礫岩與奇美礫岩各為獨立地層單位 50
7.2水璉礫岩的相結構與沉積型態差異之意義 51
7.3水璉礫岩物質組成暗示:消失的古利吉混雜岩及台灣弧陸碰撞時間的修正 55
第八章 結論 57
參考文獻 58
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