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系統識別號 U0026-2106201910341300
論文名稱(中文) 漁村因應離岸風力發電之發展策略研究
論文名稱(英文) A Study on Fishing Village Developing Strategies in Response to Offshore Wind Power
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 海洋科技與事務研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Ocean Technology and Marine Affairs
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 施佩伶
研究生(英文) Pei-Ling Shih
學號 NA6061040
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 48頁
口試委員 指導教授-張懿
口試委員-黃偉茹
口試委員-陳德容
口試委員-高世明
中文關鍵字 離岸風力發電  利害關係人  文獻分析法 
英文關鍵字 Offshore wind power  Stakeholder  Document analysis 
學科別分類
中文摘要   由於暖化議題發酵,離岸風能被視為實現全球低碳及可再生能源目標的永續方法;然離岸風場開發和其他利害關係人之衝突與日俱增,且業者須於開發行為之審查程序中取得利害關係人的支持,故需提供配套措施,以減緩意見之分歧。我國政府與業者預期透過設立離岸風機帶動漁村轉型,故研究針對漁村轉型之可行性做更進一步評估。
  本研究藉由文獻分析法釐清利害關係人反對離岸風力發電之觀點,另外盤點業者與漁村所供資源是否可達到轉型,最後提出適合漁民之轉型(改變原有漁法但仍從事漁業)/轉業(離開漁業從事風電產業)選項,建立漁村因應離岸風力發電之發展策略,以解決業者、政府、當地漁會及漁民團體所面臨之問題。
  研究結果顯示,由於漁民教育程度較低、年齡層較高、漁業以外技能不足、船隻未達標準之特點,印證其轉業不易之事實,顯示利害關係人之間的認知差異。因此,本研究提出漁村因應離岸風力發電之永續發展策略為:短期推動結合風機基礎結構,開放休閒船釣漁業或貝類養殖,中期規劃提供漁民轉業培訓,長遠方針則以漁民子弟為對象,提供獎勵措施鼓勵年輕學子就讀風電相關科系,有系統培養我國風電專業人才。
英文摘要   Wind energy is currently considered an indigenous, a potentially competitive, and a sustainable approach to prevent carbon emission and achieve renewable energy targets in the future. The waters in the west of Taiwan are not only a suitable for fishing but also excellent wind farms for offshore wind power generators. The increasing demand for clean energy implies a growing conflict between fishermen and offshore wind energy providers. This situation warrants the formulation of a mitigation scheme and a proposal for the co-existence of both sectors to enhance the acceptance of offshore wind farm development. The Taiwanese government and industries are expected to transform fishing villages through the establishment of offshore wind turbines. Therefore, this study investigated the awareness of residents regarding offshore wind power development and sustainable development strategies (e.g., switching fishing gear or transferring jobs to the wind power industry).
  The results revealed the difference in the understanding among government administrators, scholars, and fishermen. However, the feasibility assessment for changing fishing gears or transferring jobs to the wind power industry has not yet been conducted. The background analysis of fishermen indicated that most fishermen have an education of up to junior high school. Moreover, they belong to a relatively older age group, and lack the skills required to work in other fields apart from fishing. Moreover, their vessels are not up to the required standards, thus indicating that transformation is difficult. To overcome this concern, this study proposes that providing waters near the wind farm field for appropriate fishing gears and regulating fisheries should be prioritized. Second, power companies should provide training courses for fishermen to work in the wind power industry. Finally, a systematic education plan should be developed in the field of wind power and related disciplines for the young generation of fishermen. The aforementioned steps can facilitate the sustainable development and co-prosperity of the offshore wind power industry and fishing villages.
論文目次 中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
致謝 vii
目錄 viii
圖目錄 ix
表目錄 x
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與背景 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究限制 3
第二章 臺灣離岸風力發電之發展概況 5
第三章 文獻回顧與探討 10
3.1 利害關係人反對離岸風力發電之觀點 10
3.2 離岸風力發電之衝突緩解 13
第四章 研究方法 19
4.1 文獻分析法 19
第五章 結果與討論 20
5.1 離岸風電潛在工作機會 20
5.2 綜合能力評估 30
5.3 漁村發展策略 32
第六章 結論與建議 36
參考文獻 39
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