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系統識別號 U0026-2106201017442800
論文名稱(中文) 從認知電生理角度探討不同身體活動量老年人在視覺空間工作記憶表現的差異
論文名稱(英文) Difference of Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Capacity in Old Adults with Different Levels of Physical Activity— A Cognitive Electrophysiology Study
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 體育健康與休閒研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Physical Education, Health & Leisure Studies
學年度 98
學期 2
出版年 99
研究生(中文) 王駿濠
研究生(英文) Chun-Hao Wang
學號 RB697107
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 81頁
口試委員 指導教授-蔡佳良
口試委員-吳昇光
口試委員-潘倩玉
中文關鍵字 老年人  身體活動  桌球運動  視覺空間工作記憶  事件相關電位 
英文關鍵字 elderly  physical activity  table tennis  visuospatial working memory  ERPs 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本研究目的是使用視覺空間工作記憶作業來比較不同身體活動量老年人的認知行為與認知電生理表現差異,藉此瞭解是否規律從事桌球運動的高活動量老年人能有較佳的認知功能。首先以簡式智能檢測量表篩選出認知功能正常之48位65-69歲的老年受試者(男性24位,女性24位),再以七日身體活動問卷,將其依性別分成高活動量(3-7天/週;3-5小時/天)的運動組與低活動量(無任何中等強度以上運動習慣)的控制組,最後再施以延遲與不延遲視覺空間工作記憶作業,並同步收錄腦波數據。研究結果發現:運動組在執行視覺空間工作記憶作業時,有高正確率的行為表現,但反應時間並無較快。從事件相關電位來看,在編碼階段,運動組有較大的P3振幅;在需要執行動作反應的階段,雖然兩組在N1與CNV的結果皆無達顯著差異,不過,運動組有較小的N2振幅與較大的P3振幅,值得注意的是,以上結果是會受到性別因素某種程度的影響。本研究發現運動組老年人有較佳的視覺空間工作記憶的表現,其中的內在神經機轉可能是運動組能在編碼階段時動員較多的注意力資源以更新空間的訊息,並且在反應階段時,能減少作業相關的反應衝突或監控過程的努力程度,以投入較多的注意力資源做執行反應。因此,從事桌球運動似乎可以達到促進老年人的中樞神經功能,以提高視覺空間工作記憶的表現。不過,上述結果會因性別差異而有所影響,包括:空間訊息的編碼、早期注意力、早期刺激辨以及動作準備的過程。由此可見,此方面非常值得未來研究做更進一步地探討。
英文摘要 The main issue of the present study was to investigate the difference of cognitive performance on visuospatial working memory task in elderly adults with different physical activity level by using event-related brain potential. Fourty-eight older participants (65-69 years; 24 male) were sieved from the screen of Mini-Mental State Examination, and the eligible participants were differentiated into two groups on the basis of their physically active level from the inquiry of 7-day physical activity recall questionnaire. Both of the groups participated in a 1.5s delayed and non-delayed visuospatial working memory task while the behavior and event-related potentials (ERPs) indices were recorded simultaneously. Results indicated that the higher PA group had higher accuracy, but had similar reaction time compared to the controls. In terms of ERPs data, the PA group exhibited larger P3 amplitude at the encoding stage; besides, on the response stage, smaller N2 and larger P3 amplitude were observed for the higher PA group but no significant difference was found on the N1 amplitude/latency, P3 latency and both CNV area. Interestingly, these results would be influenced by gender factors. Accordingly, we concluded that better visuospatial working memory performance was observed for the high physically active group. The neural mechanisms might be that the high physically active group could update spatial codes better via allocating more attention resource when they encoded; in addition, the high physically active group could reduce the effort in task-related response conflict or monitoring, and then increase the efficiency when they executed response.These findings demonstrated that better performance during a visuospatial working memory task could be observed in elderly adults regularly engaging in table tennis through enhanced central nervous system function. Anyway, the above results would be affected partially by gender factor, including spatial information encoding, early attention, early stimulus discrimination and motor preparation. Thus, this issue is worth being futher study.
論文目次 中文摘要...............................................................................................................I
英文摘要..............................................................................................................II
誌謝.....................................................................................................................III
目錄.....................................................................................................................VI
表目錄.................................................................................................................IX
圖目錄..................................................................................................................X
第壹章 緒論.......................................................................................................1
第一節 問題背景.........................................................................................1
第二節 研究目的.........................................................................................5
第三節 研究假設.........................................................................................6
第四節 研究限制.........................................................................................6
第五節 名詞解釋.........................................................................................6
第貳章 文獻探討...............................................................................................9
第一節 工作記憶及其認知作業介紹.........................................................9
第二節 老化與認知功能中的工作記憶能力表現....................................11
第三節 運動或身體活動對老年人認知神經功能的影響........................17
第四節 運動對認知功能的選擇性效益....................................................21
第五節 性別對認知功能差異之探討........................................................23
第六節 評估量表介紹................................................................................24
第七節 總結................................................................................................26
第參章 研究方法..............................................................................................27
第一節 研究對象........................................................................................27
第二節 研究工具........................................................................................27
第三節 研究架構........................................................................................28
第四節 研究流程........................................................................................29
第五節 資料整理與統計分析....................................................................32
第肆章 研究結果................................................................................................34
第一節 受試者基本資料............................................................................34
第二節 行為表現資料................................................................................37
第三節 事件相關電位................................................................................40
第伍章 討論........................................................................................................49
第一節 行為表現........................................................................................49
第二節 事件相關電位................................................................................52
第陸章 結論與建議............................................................................................62
第一節 結語................................................................................................62
第二節 未來建議........................................................................................62
參考文獻..............................................................................................................63
附錄一 檢測量表................................................................................................79
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