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系統識別號 U0026-2008201920030400
論文名稱(中文) 智慧停車概念的統一開放停車資料
論文名稱(英文) A Unified Open Parking Data for Smart Parking
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 測量及空間資訊學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Geomatics
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 吳亮瑜
研究生(英文) Liang-Yu Wu
學號 P66064073
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 117頁
口試委員 指導教授-曾義星
口試委員-郭佩棻
口試委員-林昭宏
中文關鍵字 開放資料  智慧停車  統一停車資料 
英文關鍵字 Open Data  Smart Parking  Unified Parking Data 
學科別分類
中文摘要 隨著感測器的發展與普及,不論是路外或路邊的停車空間都漸漸地裝配有感測即時停車位狀態的裝置,政府也將這些相關停車資料公開於開放資料平臺,不過實際對於使用者端而言,其僅能接收到部分縣市或停車場的停車資訊,且接收到的訊息內容也多有錯誤與有限,而深入其背後原因,綜觀各縣市政府所開放之開放停車資料,其內容多半參差不齊,例如資料內容複雜,卻無完善詮釋資料,使用者無法得知確切的資料含意、縣市內或不同縣市間之資料格式與內容不統一,使相關開發者不易整合多方資源,進而使開放資料的效益有限。
本研究回顧了我國六都目前之相關智慧停車硬體建置與其開放停車資料,並審視歸納各都資料內容及項目,再利用網路爬蟲方法來獲取使用者對於現今的停車需求與目前開放停車資料的正面回饋與希望改善之意見,最後再結合未來電動車發展與智慧停車的服務概念,設計出一個統一的開放停車資料。此統一停車資料透過階層化的設計,可以將大部分停車資料內容以結構化方式呈現,且具有人與機器皆可讀的、可擴充化的特色,此外包含了在未來智慧停車服務概念之下,使用者需回傳相關自身資訊的部分。對於實驗的部分,本研究採用了現有的開放停車資料,並將其修改以我們提出的統一開放停車資料來呈現,而原始資料當中沒有包含的部分則以模擬示意,以完整的呈現本研究設計的停車資料樣貌。最後,採用自行撰寫的手機智慧程式來展示資料內容的設計概念以及智慧停車應用的概念。
英文摘要 Thanks to the development and popularity of sensors, off-street and on-street parking spaces are gradually equipped with devices to detect parking space availability. Authorities of city government are currently trying to make parking data open to public as well. However, data users may receive incomprehensive or incorrect parking information. We analyze the causing reasons behind those problems by reviewing the open parking data released by the six major city governments of Taiwan. The contents of these data are orderless. For instance, they are lack of comprehensive metadata for the complicated content of data so that users cannot understand the semantic of data. Furthermore, they have inconsistent formats and data contents, which make developers greatly difficult to integrate the parking data obtained from different sources. Consequently, the currently released parking data limitedly benefits users.
In this research, we have reviewed the hardware construction of smart parking and related open parking data of the six major cities in Taiwan. To know the feedbacks of users applying current open parking data, we employed a web crawler to obtain both positive and negative feedbacks and opinions from the Internet. Based on the study, we propose a unified open parking data by combining the elements mentioned above with the development of electric vehicles and the concept of smart parking service. The unified parking data could represent most of parking data in the structured way and has some features, such as both human-readable and machine-readable, and extendable. Moreover, the data contains the part of user’s data which is designed by the concept of smart parking.
As for the part of practice of unified parking data, our study applies the current open parking data of cities and converts them into our structure. However, the current data is not comprehensive. In this way, we simulate the data of the lacking parts for demonstrating the whole structure and the design of unified parking data comprehensively. Finally, the design of data and the application of the concept of smart parking are demonstrated by the app built by our study.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 IV
Content V
List of Tables VII
List of Figures VIII
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Objective and Research Approach 3
1.3 Thesis Structure 4
Chapter 2 Availabilities of Parking Data 5
2.1 Categories of Parking Spaces 5
2.2 Detection of Parking Space Availability 7
2.2.1 Categories of detection methods 7
2.2.2 Current sensing methods of parking availability in Taiwan 9
2.3 Currently Available Parking Data in Taiwan 11
2.4 Parking Mobile Apps 18
2.4.1 Parking mobile apps in Taiwan 18
2.4.2 Web crawler for user’s opinion 19
Chapter 3 Concept of Open Data and Parking Development in Different Stages 26
3.1 Concept of Open Data and Unified Open Data 26
3.2 Appearances and Transitions of Stages 27
3.2.1 Appearance of the stage of open parking data 27
3.2.2 Transition from the stage of open parking data to unified open parking data 29
3.2.3 Appearance of the stage of unified open parking data 33
3.2.4 Transition from the stage of unified open parking data to smart parking 34
Chapter 4 Schema of Unified Parking Data 38
4.1 Schema of Off-Street Parking Data 38
4.2 Schema of On-Street Unified Parking Data 51
Chapter 5 Practice of Unified Parking Data 58
5.1 Practice of Unified Parking Data for Off-Street Parking Spaces 58
5.2 Practice of Unified Parking Data for On-Street Parking Spaces 69
5.3 Demonstration of Smart Parking 75
Chapter 6 Conclusion 82
References 84
Appendix A 87
Appendix B 97
Appendix C 109
Appendix D 115
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