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系統識別號 U0026-2008201900223600
論文名稱(中文) 雲端解剖學學習系統
論文名稱(英文) A Cloud Computing System for Learning Anatomy
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 電腦與通信工程研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Computer & Communication
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 陳昭成
研究生(英文) Chao-Cheng Chen
學號 Q36064010
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 110頁
口試委員 召集委員-張榮貴
口試委員-王明習
口試委員-張大緯
指導教授-陳敬
中文關鍵字 數位學習  雲端服務  解剖學  醫學影像 
英文關鍵字 e-Learning  Cloud Computing  Anatomy  Medical Image 
學科別分類
中文摘要 在台灣就讀醫學相關科系的學生,除了在系上的大體解剖實驗外,能接觸人體大體並進行實驗的機會有限。但學生要真正學習到人體解剖學,並將之應用於未來的生活,是必須經由長時間的反覆練習才能達成的。 為此,我們開發了一套雲端互動式解剖學學習系統,利用數位學習的概念,讓學生只需要使用瀏覽器與網路就可突破時間、空間以及資源的限制利用本系統模擬大體解剖實驗的操作,進而達到更佳的學習效果。
本系統的功能可以分成兩部分;在第一部分中,我們讓老師能透過網頁出題測驗學生解剖學中各器官的名稱,學生作答時,會同時開啟作答網頁與設置在雲端伺服器上的3D醫學影像軟體3DBodyGo來呈現相對應的3D人體器官影像讓學生以最貼近實際手術時的情景來作答,進而提升學習成效。 第二部分,我們設計的即時互動系統IRS讓老師在課堂上使用3DBodyGo授課時,隨時能使用網頁編輯並發佈隨堂測驗來讓學生專注在課堂上,並了解學生們的學習成效,學生可馬上拿出手機使用瀏覽器開啟即時互動系統IRS現場作答,系統會在測驗結束後立刻統計成績並製成測驗結果報告。
我們設計讓本系統結合開發且佈署於雲端的3D醫學影像軟體3DBodyGo建構成雲端服務,不論是使用哪個版本的Windows(只要能支援遠端桌面連線) 還是macOS的使用者皆可以在不額外安裝其他任何軟體的情況下,使用瀏覽器與我們所提供的RemoteApp遠端連線檔來使用我們的雲端解剖學學習系統。
英文摘要 Despite of having courses of the general anatomy experiments at the medical college, students who are in the medical related departments in Taiwan have limited access to the gross anatomy [1] experiments. However, medical students must learn well the human anatomy and apply it to their future career, which usually can be achieved through a long period of repeated practice. To address this issue, we developed an interactive anatomy learning system based on a cloud service that leverages the concept of e-Learning [2] in order to enable students to use a browser and the Internet to overcome time, space and resource constraints. The functionality of the system can be divided into two parts. In the first part, teachers can create online exams to test students on the names of the organs in the anatomy through webpages. When answering the question, students are able to see the corresponding 3D organs by accessing the medical image software called 3DBodyGo developed by us and deployed in our cloud server. The displayed 3D organs can help students answer questions in the most realistic way, and thus the learning outcome is improved. We install the 3DBodyGo on our cloud server [3] and provide a corresponding RemoteDeskTop.rdp [4] file for the user to access it. Therefore, users who use Windows or macOS can all connect to our cloud server to use the 3DBodyGo. In the second part, we designed a real-time interactive system called IRS to help teachers create online quizzes, which can keep students focused during the class. The teacher can use the IRS along with the 3DBodyGo to release an online quiz and ask students to answer the name of a specific organ during a lecture. Students can then use their mobile phones to access the IRS and answer the quiz. The system can grade students’ answers immediately after the quiz and present the result of the quiz to the teacher and students.
論文目次 Contents 4
List of Tables 6
List of Figures 6
Chapter 1 Introduction 9
1.1 Thesis objective 9
1.2 System functionality 9
1.2.1 The “Anatomy Image Type Question” 10
1.2.2 The “Anatomy Quiz” 11
1.3 System objectives 11
Chapter 2 Related Works 13
2.1 Commercial 3D anatomy applications 13
2.2 The e-Learning system for surgery training in Taiwan 14
2.3 “MLAS” subsystem in the “Hints Web System” 14
2.4 The 3DBodyGo system 15
2.5 The RemoteDeskTop.rdp file creator 16
2.6 Named pipe 16
Chapter 3 System Design 18
3.1 The AIQ 18
3.2 The Anatomy Quiz 23
3.3 System Architecture 25
3.4 Software Architecture Design 26
3.5 The online exam subsystem in the “Hints Web System” 27
3.5.1 Creating an online exam 27
3.5.2 Edit the content of an exam 30
Option 1: Create a new exam paper for an exam 30
Option 2: User an existing exam paper 31
3.5.3 Add questions into the exam paper 33
Option1: Creating a new question in the exam paper 34
Option 2: Selecting an existing question from a question database 36
3.6 The System Interface Design for teachers to create an AIQ 41
3.6.1 Create a new AIQ 41
3.6.2 The RemoteDeskTop.rdp file 43
3.6.3 The question modes of the AIQ 44
3.6.3.1 Create a “Surgery Mode AIQ” 44
3.6.3.2 Create an “Anatomy Mode AIQ” 46
3.6.4 Edit and preview the corresponding 3D organs of an AIQ 47
3.6.5 Two Answer Modes of the AIQ 51
3.6.6 Selecting question items and setting organs visibility 52
3.6.7 Checking or modifying the content of an AIQ 53
3.6.8 The teacher’s exam result page 54
3.6.9 Sending a reminder email automatically 56
3.7 The System Interface for Students 56
3.7.1 Activating the exam response page 56
3.7.2 Accessing an AIQ 58
3.7.3 Answeing the “Surgery Mode AIQ” 60
3.7.4 Answering the “Anatomy Mode AIQ” 62
3.7.5 The “Show/Hide” Icon 62
3.7.6 The “Show all hidden organs” button 63
3.7.7 The Name Answer Mode 64
3.7.8 The Number Answer Mode 65
3.7.9 Student’s AIQ result page 66
3.8 The “Anatomy Quiz” 68
3.8.1 The “IRS” 68
3.8.2 The Integration of 3DBodyGo and IRS 69
Chapter 4 System Implementation 72
4.1 The parts that we implement from scratch in the system 72
4.2 The System Algorithm of Creating an AIQ 75
4.2.1 Editing and Previewing 3D organs of an AIQ 75
4.2.2 Creating a “Surgery Mode AIQ” 79
4.2.3 The algorithm of recording Selection of question items and setting of organs visibility 83
4.2.4 Sending a reminder email automatically to the teacher 83
4.3 The System Algorithm for Answering an AIQ 85
4.3.1 Assigning different label number orders to the question items 85
4.3.2 Hiding and Showing an Organ 89
4.3.3 Updating the Name of an Organ in a “Name Answer Mode AIQ” 91
4.3.4 The implementation of the Number Answer Mode 91
4.3.5 Updating the Name of the Organ in the “Number Answer Mode” 96
4.4 The implementation of the real-time grading 97
4.4.1 Grading a “Name Answer Mode AIQ” 97
4.4.2 Grading a “Number Answer Mode AIQ” 101
Chapter 5 Discussion 102
5.1 The RemoteDeskTop.rdp File 102
5.2 The feedback from medical students 103
Chapter 6 Conclusions 106
6.1 Conclusions 106
6.2 Future Works 106
References 108
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