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系統識別號 U0026-2006201817053200
論文名稱(中文) 長程飛行操作油耗分析
論文名稱(英文) FLIGHT OPERATION EFFECTS ON FUEL CONSUMPTION FOR LONG HAUL FLIGHT
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 民航研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Civil Aviation
學年度 106
學期 2
出版年 107
研究生(中文) 蔡沛穎
研究生(英文) Pei-Ying Tsai
學號 Q46054041
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 79頁
口試委員 口試委員-林俊良
口試委員-許平
指導教授-袁曉峰
中文關鍵字 燃油成本  飛行操作  節油分析  QAR 
英文關鍵字 Fuel cost  Fuel conservation  Flight operation  QAR 
學科別分類
中文摘要 近年來,由於國際原油價格節節攀升,造成航空業者偌大的負擔,為了降低原油價格波動對航空業營運成本所造成的影響,減少燃油消耗成為民航產業的一大課題。本研究是與一家國籍航空合作,以其提供之波音777-300ER機型,台北往返美國洛杉磯的QAR真實飛行數據,透過資料採礦的方法,建立飛行數據資料庫,並利用統計分析找出油耗與飛行操作及環境相關參數之間的關係,給予實際可行的飛行操作建議。
根據研究結果顯示,起飛推力、爬升仰角、巡航高度及速度分別是對起飛、爬升及巡航階段之油耗最具影響力的參數,若能在航機及外在環境條件許可下降低起飛推力、增加爬升率及獲得最佳巡航高度與速度,即可有效減少燃油消耗。
英文摘要 Fuel is one of the major cost components in airline operation. To effectively lower the overall expenditure, reduction of fuel consumption has become an important issue. This research is cooperated with a local airline company. By analyzing the QAR raw data provided by the company through data mining methods, such as database construction, correlation analysis and regression analysis, the relationships between fuel consumption and flight parameters can be verified, and fuel-conservative operational suggestions can also be provided.
This research is divided into two sections, the flight phase analysis and the integrated analysis. Takeoff, initial climb, climb and cruise phase are analyzed separately in the former section, while the four phases are combined together and analyzed in the latter. The statistical results of flight phase analysis have shown that takeoff thrust, initial climb vertical speed, climb pitch, cruise calibrated airspeed and cruise altitude are the operational parameters most crucial to fuel consumption in the corresponding phases. Take takeoff thrust as an example, derate takeoff is recommended under the permission of aircraft and weather conditions. As for the integrated analysis, takeoff thrust and cruise altitude are the two parameters shown to be the most influential to total fuel consumption, which also implies that takeoff and cruise phase are more critical among the four phases selected for the research.
論文目次 摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 IV
CONTENTS V
LIST OF TABLES IX
LIST OF FIGURES X
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS XII
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Motivation 1
1.2 Research Background 3
1.3 Research Objective 4
CHAPTER II FLIGHT OPERATIONAL TOOL AND PROCEDURES 5
2.1 The Onboard Performance Tool 5
2.2 Normal Operating Procedures 8
2.2.1 Takeoff Procedure 8
2.2.2 Initial Climb and Climb Procedure 9
2.2.3 Cruise Procedure 11
2.3 Literature Reviews 11
CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 14
3.1 Research Structure 14
3.1.1 Data transformation process 15
3.1.2 Main research process 16
3.2 Database Construction 17
3.2.1 Flight Phase Definition 17
3.2.2 Fuel-related parameters reconstruction 19
3.3 Statistical Analyses 20
3.3.1 Parameter Normalization 20
3.3.2 Correlation Analysis 22
3.3.3 Regression Analysis 23
CHAPTER IV RESEARCH RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 25
4.1 Background Information 25
4.1.1 Definition of fuel consumption 26
4.1.2 Parameter selecting rules 27
4.2 Flight Phase Analysis 27
4.2.1 Takeoff 28
4.2.2 Initial climb 33
4.2.3 Climb 38
4.2.4 Cruise 42
4.3 Integrated Analysis 45
4.3.1 Fundamental analysis 45
4.3.2 Supplemental analysis 49
Chapter V Conclusion 53
5.1 Summary of the Analyses 53
5.2 Limitations of the Research 56
5.3 Future Work 58
Reference 59
Appendix A. Normal Procedures 60
Appendix B. Performance Inflight 64
Appendix C. QAR Raw Data Parameters 65
Appendix D. Flight Database 67
Appendix E. Parameters for Analysis 68
Appendix F. Parameter Statistics 73
Appendix G. Takeoff Phase Correlation Table 75
Appendix H. Initial Climb Phase Correlation Table 76
Appendix I. Climb Phase Correlation Table 77
Appendix J. Cruise Phase Correlation Table 78
Appendix K. Integrated Flight Phase Correlation Table 79
參考文獻 [1] Administration, U. S. E. I., 2016, "International Energy Outlook 2016,"U.S.A.
[2] 經濟部能源局, 2018, "原油價格趨勢圖," www.eia.gov/forecasts/ieo.
[3] 長榮航空, 2018, "長榮航空2018年法說會簡報."
[4] Yang, K.-C., 2017, "Effect of Flight Operation on Fuel Consumption During Takeoff and Climb."
[5] Boeing, 2012, "Electronic Flight Bag Solutions Onboard Performance Tool,"U.S.A.
[6] Boeing, 2015, 777-35EER/-36NER Flight Crew Operations Manual, U.S.A.
[7] ICAO, 2006, Aircraft Operations.
[8] Ko, C.-W., 2008, "Fuel Conservation for Short Range Civil Aviation Flights."
[9] Wang, Y.-C., 2008, "Fuel Conservation for Medium Range Civil Aviation Flights."
[10] Turgut, E. T., Cavcar, M., Usanmaz, O., Canarslanlar, A. O., Dogeroglu, T., Armutlu, K., and Yay, O. D., 2014, "Fuel flow analysis for the cruise phase of commercial aircraft on domestic routes," Aerospace Science and Technology, 37, pp. 1-9.
[11] Boeing, 777 Aircraft Maintenance Manual, U.S.A.
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