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系統識別號 U0026-2006201322243700
論文名稱(中文) 應用六標準差與田口方法改善ABS樹脂膠粒色相之變異
論文名稱(英文) Application of Six Sigma and Taguchi Method to Improve the Variation wich Hue of ABS Resin Pellet
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業與資訊管理學系專班
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial and Information Management (on the job class)
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生(中文) 陳勁元
研究生(英文) Chin-Yuan Chen
學號 R37001228
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 62頁
口試委員 指導教授-林清河
口試委員-耿伯文
口試委員-李昇暾
口試委員-林義旭
中文關鍵字 六標準差  田口方法  ABS樹脂  黃色指數 
英文關鍵字 Six Sigma  Taguchi Method  ABS Resin Pellet  Yellow Index 
學科別分類
中文摘要 ABS樹脂膠粒(ABS Resin Pellet)的押出製程,是將丙烯腈(AN)、丁二烯(BD)、苯乙烯(SM)乳漿共聚合而成後,再依照不同用途利用押出機混鍊各種添加劑後去押製成膠粒後,以利射出成型。押出製程中,普遍存在黃變現象的問題,使得ABS樹脂膠粒有外觀上之品質異常,因此控制黃色指數為關鍵品質特性。本研究的目的乃是利用六標準差之管理方法,透過六標差之流程改進DMAIC(定義、量測、分析、改善、控制)之運用,追求設計、製程條件最佳化,並利用田口參數設計之方法,將製程中影響黃色指數之2個控制因子,運用 L9直交表進行實驗,找出製程參數之最佳水準,使得黃色指數之變異降為原來之百分之五以下,並在不改變其他品質特性的狀況下使得黃色指數可以更接近目標值,減少黃變現象,提高製程良品率。
英文摘要 The ABS resin pellet extrusion process, the polymerization of styrene, acrylonitrile and butadiene latex, in accordance with the different purposes mixed of various kinds of additives then use Extruders to made Pellet, to facilitate injection molding. General extrusion process, the problem of the phenomenon of yellowing,making the appearance quality variation of ABS resin pellet, and therefore control the yellow index for the crucial quality characteristics.
The purpose of this Studies on manufacturing optimal design using The Six Sigma:DMAIC(Define,Measure,Analyze,Improve,Control) methodology and to take the Taguchi Method and make use of L9 orthognal array to experiment with the two control factors which affect the yellow index of the ABS resin pellet.
In the end, to find the optimal process level of process parameter, reduce the variance below five percent of the yellow index.In this way, makes the yellow index to be approaching to the target and does not change the status of the other quality characteristics, reduce yellowing,improve the yield of process.
論文目次 摘要.......................................................I
Abstract.................................................II
誌謝.....................................................III
目錄......................................................IV
表目錄....................................................VII
圖目錄...................................................VIII
第一章 緒論................................................1
第一節 研究背景與動機.........................................1
第二節 研究目的..............................................3
第三節 研究流程..............................................4
第二章 文獻探討..............................................5
第一節 六標準差..............................................5
(一)六標準差的定義..........................................6
(二)六標準差之改進循環.......................................8
(三)六標準之推動...........................................11
第二節 田口實驗方法相關文獻...................................12
(一)品質損失函數...........................................13
(二)直交表................................................13
(三)信號雜音比.............................................14
(四)應用田口實驗方法相關文獻.................................16
第三節 合成樹脂及色度之相關研究................................17
第三章 研究方法.............................................20
第一節 六標準差的DMAIC步驟...................................20
第二節 田口實驗方法........................................ 21
(一) 二次品質損失函數........................................22
(二) 田口品質工程...........................................25
(三) 直交表的選用...........................................27
(四) 信號雜音比的選擇........................................30
(五) 田口參數設計步驟........................................32
第三節 研究對象.............................................34
第四節 研究流程.............................................35
(一) 建立ABS樹脂膠粒色相之六標準差分析流程......................36
(二) 建立ABS樹脂膠粒色相應用田口方法之改善流程...................37
第四章 研究結果.............................................38
第一節 定義階段.............................................38
(一)顧客對ABS樹脂膠粒的需求...................................38
(二)ABS樹脂膠粒之關鍵品質-黃色指數.............................39
第二節 量測階段.............................................40
(一)找尋ABS樹脂膠粒黃色指數之關鍵品質特性.......................40
(二)收集數據...............................................42
第三節 分析階段.............................................43
(一)定義效能目標............................................43
(二)確認變異來源............................................44
(三)建立製程能力............................................44
第四節 改善階段.............................................47
(一)實驗規劃...............................................47
(二)實驗執行...............................................48
(三)實驗結果分析與確認.......................................49
第五節 控制階段.............................................53
(一)驗證實驗...............................................53
(二)改善後之品質水準.........................................54
(三)改善之效益..............................................56
第五章 結論與未來研究方向.....................................57
第一節 結論................................................57
第二節 未來研究方向..........................................58
參考文獻...................................................59
中文部分...................................................59
英文部分...................................................60
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