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系統識別號 U0026-2001201500482900
論文名稱(中文) 自然通風會議廳熱舒適度與節能效益解析-以綠色魔法學校國際會議廳為例
論文名稱(英文) Thermal Comfort and Energy Efficiency Analysis of Natural Ventilation Conference Hall -A Case Study on the Conference Hall of the Magic School of Green Technology
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 建築學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Architecture
學年度 103
學期 1
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 簡君翰
研究生(英文) Chun-Han Chien
學號 N78981133
學位類別 博士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 71頁
口試委員 指導教授-林憲德
口試委員-周鼎金
口試委員-楊冠雄
口試委員-黃瑞隆
口試委員-林子平
口試委員-蔡耀賢
中文關鍵字 自然通風  浮力通風  熱舒適  問卷調查  建築節能 
英文關鍵字 Natural Ventilation  Buoyancy Ventilation  Thermal Comfort  Questionnaire  Energy Conservation 
學科別分類
中文摘要 環視台灣所處亞熱帶氣候區的當代建築,經常喜歡仿效歐美寒帶氣候條件下建築的造形,認為玻璃帷幕大樓象徵著高科技與現代化,不但毫無通風與換氣的功能,又提高建築物室內熱負荷,造成冷房耗能暴增,嚴重破壞地球環保。另外,空調因為外氣不足造成對人健康傷害的事件時有所聞,如2003年所流行的SARS與病大樓症候群,尤其特別容易發生在外氣量不足的密閉型中央空調空間,更凸顯室內環境品質的重要,讓人體會到自然通風的建築,才是健康與舒適的保障。

崇華廳為國內第一個可以自然通風的大型會議廳,針對大型室內空間戶外氣流不易引進室內而造成通風換氣不足等問題,並在減少空調開啟時間與節省空調耗電量的前提之下,利用利用浮力通風與貫流通風的方式來解決大型室內空間通風換氣不良的問題,在冬天達到完全使用自然通風、不開空調的境界。為維護室內良好的環境品質裝設了許多監控儀器,當風速過強時,進風閘門便會自動調整開啟角度以免受強風吹襲,或室內二氧化碳濃度過高時,則會啟動強制排風系統將二氧化碳排出室外。

研究結果顯示,在通風換氣方面,不論是以現場實測的方式或是監控儀器所記錄的資料,每小時換氣次數大於單位樓地板面積與每人最小換氣量所規定會議廳的換氣次數;CO2濃度方面,統計崇華廳營運時段的平均CO2濃度皆低於卓越級之標準值為800 ppm以下,顯示崇華廳在空氣環境品質上的表現相當良好。而在室內熱環境品質方面,原本該是全天候開啟空調運轉的崇華廳,捨棄開空調改採自然通風,經熱環境舒適度問卷調查得知,中性溫度為27.4°C,較空調型會議廳高出2.4°C,80%的舒適範圍為24.5°C至30.2°C,跟原本就是自然通風類型的教室相似,實屬難得。

空調節能效益方面,崇華廳利用通風塔來自然通風,可在外氣溫低於29°C時關閉空調,經由動態空調負荷軟體e-QUEST計算後得知,29°C開啟空調運轉的全年空調耗電量約為40,318 (kWh),相較於一般傳統會議廳全年全天候開啟空調的情況之下,空調耗能為54,940 (kWh),因此崇華廳利用自然通風換氣,每年可節省約26.6%的空調耗電量。
英文摘要 Summary
The results showed that, the air exchange rates in the conference room were exceeded the minimum air ventilation rate required in Taiwan. The average measured values of CO2 concentrations were consistently lower than 800 ppm. A survey on thermal environmental comfort revealed a neutral temperature of 27.4°C, which was 2.4°C higher than typical air-conditioned assembly halls. The application of passive solar chimney in Chong-Hua Hall can shut off the air-conditioner automatically when outside temperature is lower than at 29°C. The application of this study can decrease the energy consumption to 40,318 (kWh). The energy consumption of the air-conditioner reduces about 26.6% per year.
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 V
目次 VI
表次 VIII
圖次 X

第一章 緒 論 1
1-1 前 言 1
1-2 研究動機與目的 2
1-3 研究架構與流程 5
第二章 理論與文獻回顧 7
2-1 自然通風簡介 7
2-2 室內物理環境因子 13
2-3 溫熱環境理論 15
2-4 熱環境評估指標 20
2-5 國內外熱環境相關研究 21
第三章 崇華廳室內環境解析 25
3-1 崇華廳簡介 25
3-2 通風量與換氣次數 28
3-3 室內CO2濃度 34
第四章 崇華廳熱舒適問卷解析 39
4-1 問卷調查前置作業 39
4-2 問卷調查方法 41
4-3 熱舒適問卷基礎資料說明 45
4-4 受訪者對室內熱環境反應特性統計 46
4-5 中性溫度分析 51
4-6 熱接受度與舒適範圍分析 52
第五章 崇華廳空調節能效益解析 57
5-1 解析工具 57
5-2 程式模擬時程設定 59
5-3 節能效益分析 64
第六章 結論與建議 65
6-1 結論 65
6-2 建議 67
參考文獻 68
中文文獻 68
英文文獻 69
網路文獻 71
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網路文獻
1. http://www.cecol.com.cn/a/20120718/4475751887.html
2. http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/
3. http://www.osha.gov/dts/osta/otm/otm_toc.html
4. 中央氣象局 http://www.cwb.gov.tw
5. 經濟部能源局 http://www.tabc.org.tw
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