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系統識別號 U0026-1908202019571000
論文名稱(中文) 太陽光電開發對鹽田濕地生態系統服務影響性評估
論文名稱(英文) Assesment of Solar Development on Wetland Ecosystem Services
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 水利及海洋工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Hydraulics & Ocean Engineering
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 石心柔
研究生(英文) Xin-Rou Shih
學號 N86074013
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 158頁
口試委員 指導教授-王筱雯
口試委員-吳振發
口試委員-郭品含
中文關鍵字 濕地  生態系統服務  太陽光電  RAWES  InVEST 
英文關鍵字 Wetland  Ecosystem service  Solar panel  RAWES  InVEST 
學科別分類
中文摘要 布袋廢曬鹽田濕地位於嘉義西南沿海地區,原屬於鹽業用地。2001年曬鹽產業正式走入歷史,鹽田因其地理條件,成為許多野生動物的重要棲地。布袋舊五區、八區與九區鹽場,除生態環境外,亦提供洪水調節、水資源供應、淨化水質等多元的生態系統服務。然而,由於國家綠能政策發展,廢曬鹽田成為太陽光電開發之目標。光電開發除使生物棲息環境面積縮減,亦可能影響鹽田濕地提供生態系統服務之能力。
本研究生態系統服務評估,採用快速評估生態系統服務(Rapid Assessment of Wetland Ecosystem Services, RAWES)方法,以及定性或定量生態系統服務指標,評估光電開發下對於鹽田濕地13種生態系統服務之影響。其中淡水供應、淨化水質、養份循環、土壤形成與棲息地服務透過生態系統服務與權衡之整合型量化模式(Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoffs, InVEST)進行模擬,探討模式於濕地的適用性,以及光電開發下生態系統服務之衝擊。
指標評估與模擬成果均顯示,光電開發衝擊以八區鹽田光電開發區域影響最大,其使淡水供應、淨化水質、養份循環、棲息地服務提供能力降低。模式適用性探討,棲息地品質模組,透過威脅因子設定可以反映威脅程度與鳥類分佈密度之關係;季節產水量,藉由氣候條件與坡度因子輸入,可反映鹽田實際水深趨勢;沉積物傳輸模組,其留存量分布主要受坡度條件影響;營養鹽傳輸模組,透過逕流與地形高程條件輸入,可反映營養鹽於鹽田內部趨勢狀況。本研究探討光電開發對生態系統服務之影響以及InVEST模式於鹽田模擬的適用性,提供未來廢曬鹽田開發利用與情境預測相關研究之參考。
英文摘要 Budai salt pans are located in the coastal area of Chiayi County in Southwestrern Taiwan. They were originally used for the salt industry. Due to their geographical and ecological conditions, the salt pans have become an important habitat for wildlife. In addition, Budai salt pans also provide diverse ecosystem services such as flood regulation, water supply, and water purification. However, Since the green energy policy in Taiwan, salt pans in Taiwan have become the target of solar development proposals. Solar development has reduced habitats and may also affect ecosystem services.
In this study, the Rapid Assessment of Wetland Ecosystem Services (RAWES) method is used to assess the impact of solar development on 13 ecosystem services in Budai’s Old 5th , 8th and 9th salt pans. Among them, provision of water, water purification, nutrient cycling, soil formation and provision of habitat are simulated through the Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoffs (InVEST). This study explores the applicability of the model on wetlands and the impact solar development has on ecosystem services.
In the model, Habitat Quality module can reflect the relationship between the threat and the density of birds. Seasonal Water Yield module can reflect the trend of water depth. Sediment Delivery Ratio module is mainly affected by slope conditions. Nutrient Delivery Ratio module can reflect the trend of nutrients. Both indicators and simulation results show that the 8th salt pan has experienced the greatest impact from solar development. Solar development has reduced provision of water, water purification, nutrient cycling, and provision of habitat. This study explores both the impact of solar development on ecosystem services and the applicability of the model on wetlands. The results of this study provide references for future development and simulation modeling.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
致謝 VIII
目錄 IX
表目錄 XII
圖目錄 XIV
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究動機目的 1
1.2論文架構 2
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1 濕地生態系統服務 5
2.1.1 濕地的定義與價值 5
2.1.2 生態系統服務 6
2.1.3 生態系統服務評估模式 10
2.1.4 InVEST模式應用 12
2.2 土地利用變化 13
2.2.1 土地利用改變對濕地之衝擊 13
2.2.2 臺灣綠能發展背景 15
2.3 小結 17
第三章 研究區域與方法 19
3.1研究區域 19
3.1.1地文概述 20
3.1.2水文概述 23
3.1.3光電開發 26
3.2生態系統服務評估 29
3.3 InVEST生態系統服務評估模式 32
3.3.1 Habitat Quality子模組 32
3.3.2 Seasonal water yield子模組 34
3.3.3 Sediment Delivery Ratio model子模組 35
3.3.4 Nutrient Delivery Ratio model子模組 36
3.3.5 情境與模擬輸入資料設定 38
3.4使用資料 49
3.4.1 氣象資料 49
3.4.2 水深 52
3.4.3 水質 56
3.4.4 生態資料 68
第四章 結果與討論 79
4.1 生態系統服務評估 79
4.1.1 供給服務 81
4.1.2 調節服務 86
4.1.3 文化服務 91
4.1.4 支持服務 93
4.1.5 小結 98
4.2 InVEST模式率定與驗證 101
4.2.1 Habitat Quality子模組 101
4.2.2 Seasonal water yield子模組 110
4.2.3 Sediment Delivery Ratio model子模組 118
4.2.4 Nutrient Delivery Ratio model子模組 127
4.2.5 小結 138
4.3 InVEST模擬土地利用變化之衝擊 140
4.3.1 Habitat Quality子模組 140
4.3.2 Seasonal water yield子模組 142
4.3.3 Sediment Delivery Ratio model子模組 143
4.3.4 Nutrient Delivery Ratio model子模組 145
4.3.5 小結 147
第五章 結論與建議 151
5.1 結論 151
5.2 建議 152
參考文獻 153
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