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系統識別號 U0026-1908202016131200
論文名稱(中文) 利用電化學方法製備PEDOT/Pt對電極及其在染料敏化太陽能電池之應用
論文名稱(英文) Preparation of PEDOT/Pt Composite Counter Electrodes by Electrochemical Methods for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 化學工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Chemical Engineering
學年度 108
學期 2
出版年 109
研究生(中文) 蒙多里
研究生(英文) Dornauli Manurung
學號 N36077095
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 113頁
口試委員 指導教授-李玉郎
口試委員-楊毓民
口試委員-龔仲偉
口試委員-庄麗雲
中文關鍵字 none 
英文關鍵字 Dye-sensitized solar cells  iodide liquid electrolytes  poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/platinum  electrochemical polymerization  composite material  counter electrode  room light conditions 
學科別分類
中文摘要 none
英文摘要 Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have received worldwide attention in the past twenty years as a promising alternative to classical solar cells. Among the DSSCs components, the counter electrode is vital to receive electrons from the external circuit and catalyze the triiodide reduction in the electrolyte. Careful preparation of the CEs can enhance the catalytic activity and electrode stability related to the electrolyte utilized in most DSSCs. In this study, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) and platinum (Pt)-based composite was prepared on the conductive substrate and utilized as the counter electrodes for the DSSCs applications. The composite electrodes were prepared using various methods such as constant current, constant potential, cyclic voltammetry and sputtering methods to obtain the best efficiency. Among these, the counter electrodes prepared using the constant potential (PEDOT) and cyclic voltammetry methods (Pt) had shown high performance in DSSCs. By using these counter electrode, high efficiencies 8.97 % was achieved for the cells with Acetonitrile (ACN) based iodide liquid electrolytes under one-sun condition. The cells using 3-methoxypropionitrile (MPN) - based iodide electrolyte had obtained a high energy conversion efficiency of 15.72 % under room light illumination (200 lux). This efficiency was higher than that of the DSSCs using only Pt-based counter electrode (14.86%). This was mainly due to the decrease in the charge transfer resistance at the counter electrode/electrolyte interface and Warburg diffusion resistance of the corresponding DSSCs.
論文目次 TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT I
TABLE OF CONTENTS IV
LIST OF FIGURES VII
LIST OF TABLES XI
CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background and Motivations 1
1.2 Objectives 2
1.3 Outline 4
CHAPTER 2 Literature review and summary 6
2.1 Milestone of photovoltaic productiom 6
2.2 Structure and operational for DSSC 7
2.3 Materials and components for DSSC 13
2.3.1 Substrate 13
2.3.2 Semiconductor photoelectrodes 19
2.3.3 Dye (Photosensitizer) 22
2.3.4 Electrolytes 31
2.3.5 Counter electrode 35
2.4 PEDOT and Composite Counter Electrode 37
2.5 Characterizations of DSSC 40
2.5.1 Solar spectrum 40
2.5.2 I-V Characteristics 42
2.5.3 Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) 45
CHAPTER 3 Experimental 50
3.1 Chemicals and materials 50
3.1.1 Photoelectrode 50
3.1.2 Solvent and cleaner 50
3.1.3 Electrolyte components 51
3.1.4 Cell assembly components 51
3.1.5 Counter Elecrtrode components 51
3.2 Devices and instrumentations 52
3.3 Experimental procedures 64
3.3.1 Fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) glass cleaning procedure 64
3.3.2 Preparation of photoelectrode 65
3.3.3 Preparation of electrolytes 66
3.3.4 Preparation Counter Electrode 66
3.4 Measurement and Analysis Method 68
3.4.1 J-V Curve Measurements 68
3.4.2 Electron Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) Analysis 69
3.4.3 Tafel Curve Analysis 71
3.4.4 Cyclic Voltammogram Analysis 72
CHAPTER 4 Results and Discussions 74
4.1 Electrochemical Deposition Process of PEDOT and Platinum…75
4.2 Characterizations of Counter Electrode 77
4.2.1 Scanning electron microscope (SEM) 77
4.2.2 SEM EDS & Mapping Material of Composite CE 81
4.3 PV Performance of PEDOT, Pt, and Composite PEDOT/Pt 83
4.3.1 PEDOT CE Preparation by Electrochemical Method 83
4.3.2 Platinum CE in DSSC with Electrochemical Deposition
Method 88
4.2.3 PEDOT/Platinum Composite Counter Electrode in DSSC 89
4.4 Electrochemical Measurement of of PEDOT, Platinum,
PEDOT/Pt Composite Counter Electrode in DSSCs 93
4.4.1 Cyclic Voltammetry Analysis 93
4.4.2 Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) Analysis 96

CHAPTER 5 Conclusions and Recommendations 101
5.1 Conclusions 101
5.2 Recommendations 103
REFERENCES 104
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