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系統識別號 U0026-1908201615282700
論文名稱(中文) 權益關係人理論與海洋保護區規劃-以台灣海洋型國家公園為例
論文名稱(英文) Stakeholder Theory and Marine Protected Area Planning- Case Study of Marine National Parks in Taiwan
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 海洋科技與事務研究所
系所名稱(英) Institute of Ocean Technology and Marine Affairs
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 徐韶良
研究生(英文) Shao-Liang Hsu
學號 NA8961018
學位類別 博士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 171頁
口試委員 召集委員-陳孟仙
指導教授-劉大綱
口試委員-張崑雄
口試委員-陳璋玲
口試委員-王毓正
中文關鍵字 海洋空間規劃  海洋型國家公園  權益關係人分析  Delphi評估 
英文關鍵字 marine spatial planning  marine national park  stakeholder analysis  Delphi 
學科別分類
中文摘要 海洋保護區被廣泛認為是保護海洋最經濟有效的措施,而權益關係人參與規劃是其能否順利推動的關鍵。然而過去的研究多著重於權益關係人感知的敘述性研究,或以簡單的矩陣進行權益關係人分析。較少從理論概念層面研究權益關係人參與的價值體系,或是探討整體規劃策略的架構分析。
海洋型國家公園是台灣推動海洋保護區的主要政策手段,本研究透過海洋型國家公園規劃的實際經驗,探討權益關係人理論與海洋保護區規劃策略的關係。首先,以系譜學方法建構權益關係人理論脈絡,將權益關係人參與海洋保護區規劃區分為「效用導向(utilitarian strategy)」、「公平導向(Rawlsian strategy)」與「和諧導向(social harmony strategy)」等三種權益關係人策略;其次,運用Delphi方法修正各策略相對應的權益關係人分析模式;最後則將前述分析模式融入行動研究取徑,探討綠島、北方三島及澎湖南方四島等三座海洋型國家公園實際規劃個案,希望透過實例檢驗分析模式並有助於海洋保護區規劃實務工作人員掌握完整的策略架構。
研究發現效用、公平與和諧等三種權益關係人分析模式,分別適用於襲產保存、資源養護與公園保育等三種不同傳統下的海洋保護區規劃策略。而經修正後的分析模式因為加上了Delphi評估,可進行簡易的計量分析,較既有模式對於各權益關係人的策略地位可做更精緻的釐清與比較。對於加強權益關係人分析流程的可操作性與評估資料的可靠性都有所改善。
英文摘要 Marine protected areas (MPAs) are considered the most cost-effective measure for marine conservation. Many believe that the key for successful MPAs lies in the stakeholders’ participation in the process of planning. However, most of the past studies empathized on the stakeholders’ perception by descriptive study, as well as the qualitative research for stakeholder analysis. Few theoretical studies explored the participation of stakeholders in the value system, or the overall framework analysis of the MPA planning strategy.
This study discusses the relationship between stakeholder theory and the planning strategies of MPAs through practical experience in marine national parks planning in Taiwan. First, the study was conducted by genealogy to construct the theoretical framework of stakeholder-oriented MPA planning strategies and divided into utilitarian strategy, Rawlsian strategy, and social harmony strategy. Then, stakeholder analysis models were modified by utilizing the Delphi method. Furthermore, the action research concept was integrated into the cases study including Green Island, Northern Three Isles and the South Penghu Marine National Park, for helping the practitioner understand the MPA planning strategy.
Three different stakeholder analysis models, utilitarian strategy, Rawlsian strategy, and social harmony strategy, are suitable for the planning of three MPA types respectively, including heritage preservation tradition, resource protected tradition, and park conservation tradition. Nontheless, the modified analysis models can clarify some situations that cannot be explained by the original models. These can improve operability of the stakeholder analysis process and reliability of the data assessment.
論文目次 目錄
中文摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 IX
目錄 XI
LIST OF FIGURES XIV
LIST OF TABLES XVI
Chapter 1 緒論 1
1.1 研究問題與背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 3
1.3 研究區概況 5
1.4 研究架構與流程 8
1.5 研究限制 12
Chapter 2 文獻回顧 13
2.1 海洋保護區的觀念與發展 13
2.2 海洋空間規劃 28
2.3 權益關係人分析 34
Chapter 3 研究方法 47
3.1 理論研究--系譜學方法 47
3.2 權益關係人分析模式 49
3.3 個案研究 55
Chapter 4 海洋保護區與權益關係人理論系譜 65
4.1 系譜學觀點下的權益關係人理論 65
4.2 效用主義權益關係人規劃策略 67
4.2.1 狹義的效用主義權益關係人策略 67
4.2.2 廣義的效用主義權益關係人規劃策略 69
4.3 公平導向的權益關係人規劃策略 72
4.4 和諧導向的權益關係人規劃策略 75
4.5 權益關係人導向的海洋保護區規劃架構 77
Chapter 5 海洋保護區個案分析 81
5.1 綠島海洋國家公園規劃 81
5.1.1 MPA規劃與推動歷程 81
5.1.2 權益關係人界定 85
5.1.3 權益關係人權益屬性評分 87
5.1.4 三種策略模式的權益關係人分析 93
5.2 北方三島海洋國家公園規劃 97
5.2.1 MPA規劃與推動歷程 97
5.2.2 北方三島權益關係人界定 101
5.2.3 北方三島權益關係人權益屬性評分 105
5.2.4 三種策略模式的權益關係人分析 108
5.3 澎湖南方四島國家公園規劃 113
5.3.1 MPA規劃與推動歷程 113
5.3.2 澎南四島權益關係人界定 115
5.3.3 澎南四島權益關係人權益屬性評分 118
5.3.4 三種策略模式的權益關係人分析 121
Chapter 6 討論 127
6.1 整合性海洋保護區規劃策略架構 127
6.1.1 建立權益關係人理論的多元觀點 127
6.1.2 海洋保護區規劃的價值體系 128
6.1.3 海洋保護區的協同規劃取徑 128
6.2 從模糊的觀念架構到可操作的分析模式 130
6.3 以地方政府為主導的middle-ground規劃取向 132
6.4 以海洋保護區作為整合衝突與合作的平台 134
6.5 整合海洋保護區規劃與行動研究 135
Chapter 7 結論與建議 137
7.1 海洋保護區的效用、公平與和諧 137
7.2 權益關係人理論與海洋保護區規劃策略架構 138
7.3 建議:國家公園分區規劃原則 139
參考文獻 141
附錄 149
1.1 海洋型國家公園規劃程序 149
1.2 綠島規劃歷程 150
1.3 北方三島規劃歷程 152
1.4 澎湖南方四島規劃歷程 154
1.5 權益關係人評估學者專家樣本庫 157
1.6 權益關係人評估實務專家綠島樣本庫 160
1.7 綠島權益關係人專家評分統計表 162

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