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系統識別號 U0026-1908201614201500
論文名稱(中文) 我國都市更新審議制度中民眾參與角色之研究─以台北市為例
論文名稱(英文) A Study of the Role of Citizen Participation in Examination System in Urban Renewal in Taiwan-the Case Study of Taipei City
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 104
學期 2
出版年 105
研究生(中文) 曹芳慈
研究生(英文) Fang-Tzu Tsao
學號 P26021132
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 174頁
口試委員 口試委員-謝宏昌
口試委員-周士雄
口試委員-張秀慈
口試委員-陳香綾
指導教授-趙子元
中文關鍵字 都市更新  都市再生  公眾參與  聽證會  都市更新及爭議處理審議委員會 
英文關鍵字 urban renewal  urban regeneration  citizen participation  hearing  urban renewal examination meeting 
學科別分類
中文摘要 都市更新為現今先進國家最常應用至活化都市的工具之一,而生活在都市地區的居民便為都市更新事業計畫最直接相關的參與者。綜觀我國都市更新相關之學術著作,著墨於都市更新之發展機制與歷史之論文已相當可觀。同時近年來,公眾主動參與都市相關事務的思潮雖被喚起。然而,以都市更新過程中民眾參與為主體之研究卻屬極少數。
本研究之目的為提供在現今都市更新之體制下公眾參與的樣貌,以及其如何在我國都市更新的法定程序中發揮影響力。大法官釋字709號於西元2013年宣告時行之都市更新條例中有三條文違憲,對於原都市更新審議程序造成衝擊。因此,本研究將聚焦於台北市都市更新及爭議處理審議委員會,並以大法官釋憲後新增之聽證會為實證分析對象,統整由台北市都市發展局公佈之聽證會發言紀錄,針對發言內容進行編碼分析。結果顯示,聽證會中權力關係人最關切之議題為「加速都更流程」及對於都市更新事業計畫內容有關之意見,對於都市更新案件之適宜性甚少著墨。然而,相較於我國將聽證會強制納入都市更新審議程序中,英國英格蘭地區之都市更新雖無明確的公眾參與流程,聽證會也非其之要件,但更新案件仍能通過審議並完工。顯示中央主管機關需先了解聽證會對於都市更新案件的影響程度,再修正都市更新條例及相關細則,並訂定明確的聽證制度,以落實真正的公眾參與。
英文摘要 Urban regeneration is the most frequently applied method in developed countries to revitalise urban area nowadays and citizens who live in the urban areas are the participants of urban renewal project. There is a great deal of general literature on the strategies and the approaches to redevelop the recession urban areas in Taiwan. Nonetheless, there is little specific guidance on the role of citizen participation in the process of urban regeneration and the current approaches for the public to engage in urban renewal.
This study aims to present the current scenery of citizen engagement in Taiwan and how it affects the process of urban regeneration. The research focuses on the hearing session in urban renewal in Taipei, which was entitled with statutory by J.Y. Interpretation, and Urban Renewal Examination Meetings held by Urban Regeneration Office.
The records of hearing are summarised and categorised in order to ascertain the actual performance of the only compulsory approach to citizen participation in urban renewal in Taiwan. The findings suggest that the hearing sessions deal with the opinions about business plan, including site plan, building design, rights transformation and financial plan. Besides, it is used by stakeholders to request to accelerate the progress of renewal project or claim the power whether to engage in the project in order to ask the more availability of time or actual benefits. On the other hand, even though there is no specific pattern of citizen participation in urban regeneration in the UK, the English counterpart performs fluently compared to Taiwanese one. These findings have implications for the citizens who are going to involved in urban renewal expressing their opinions in a stronger strategy and the policy-makers clarifying the actual situation of citizen participation in urban renewal in Taiwan.
論文目次 Abstract i

Chapter 1 . Introduction 1
1.1. Overview 1
1.2. The Purpose of the Study 2
1.3. The Structure of the Study 2


Chapter 2 . Literature Review 4
2.1. Citizen Participation 4
2.1.1. The Content of Citizen Participation 4
2.1.2. The Value of Citizen Participation 6
2.2. Urban Regeneration 10
2.2.1. Urban Regeneration in the United Kingdom 10
2.2.2 Urban Regeneration in Taiwan 13
2.2.3. Citizen Participation in the United Kingdom 15
2.2.4. Citizen Participation in Urban Planning in Taiwan 17
2.3. Summary 20


Chapter 3 Citizen Participation and Hearing in Planning System 21
3.1. Citizen Participation in Planning System 21
3.1.1. Objectives of Citizen Participation in Planning System 24
3.2. The Public Hearing in Planning System 26
3.2.1. The Symbolic Role of the Public Hearing 28
3.3. Case Study: Planning Appeals in England 30
3.3.1. The Introduction of the Planning Inspectorate for England 31
3.3.2. The Introduction of Planning Appeals in England 32


Chapter 4 Methodology 36
4.1. Research Design 36
4.2. Methods of the Research 37
4.3. Sources of Data 40
4.3.1. The Frequency of Examination Meeting 40


Chapter 5 . Citizen Participation in Urban Regeneration in Taiwan 42
5.1. The History and Evolution of Citizen Participation in Urban Renewal 42
5.2. The Statutory of Citizen Participation in Urban Renewal 45
5.2.1 Urban Renewal and Conflict Examination Meeting 47
5.3. The Hearing Records from Urban Renewal and Conflict Examination Meeting 49
5.3.1. The Types of Speaker in Hearing 52
5.3.2. The Content of Hearing Record 56
5.4. Analysis of Approved Urban Renewal Projects 85


Chapter 6 . Conclusion and Further Research 86
6.1. Conclusion 86
6.2. Policy Recommendations 87
6.3. Further Research 88

References 89
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