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系統識別號 U0026-1809201422212300
論文名稱(中文) 老人急診安全環境設計
論文名稱(英文) Environmental Design For The Elder’s Safety in The Emergency Department
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業設計學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Design
學年度 103
學期 1
出版年 103
研究生(中文) 林正偉
研究生(英文) Jang-Wei Lin
學號 P36001079
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 82頁
口試委員 指導教授-賴新喜
口試委員-洪郁修
口試委員-林銘泉
中文關鍵字 安全環境  預示性  老人  急診室 
英文關鍵字 Safety Environment  Affordance  Elder  Emergency Department 
學科別分類
中文摘要 現今21世紀老年人口愈來愈增加,而在人口的成長和老齡化,醫療服務將愈來愈重要。本研究想針對急診病床附近環境的狀況做設計來改善病人的安全的問題,
並嘗試以預示性的方式來評估急診環境。
本研究主要目的為利用預示性來設計老人安全的急診環境,利用安全預示性的理論找出能營造出老人在急診中社會交換最高的環境因素,提供設計出對老人生理和心理上最安全及理想的急診環境的準則,並根據準則來設計環境並評估測量。
本研究之研究方法,以圖片讓老人觀察急診的環境,找出老人在急診環境中注重的環境因素做為環境設計之參考,並透過遇有急診經驗之老人做深入訪談了解實際急診的問題與需求,擬定老人在急診中的情境,並歸納老人在急診的行為流程來搭配作為環境設計的參考。
最後以預示性及訪談結果作環境設計,並透過問卷進行驗證和評估,檢驗其設計結果是否有達到效果。透過預示性的設計方式提供急診環境上新的設計方法和設計方向的參考。
英文摘要 Elderly population increases in the 21st century. Because the population growth become aging, and medical services become more important. This study wanted to design emergency beds in the surrounding environment to improve patient safety problem, and attempt to evaluate Emergency department.
The purpose of this study is to use affordance to design emergency security environment designed to elder. With safety affordance theory to find the highest environmental factors in elderly emergency department of social exchange .Finally, provide design guidelines for the elderly to create the ideal physiological and psychological safety emergency environment.
First of all, the research on the side of this research method is that elders see the picture about emergency room so that observe elderly emergency environment to identify the elderly in the emergency environment focusing on environmental factors as a reference in the design emergency environment .Second, In case of emergency experienced by the elderly do in-depth interviews to understand the problems and needs of actual emergency room, to intend the elderly condition in the emergency room.
Finally, using the result in interview and questionnaires for environmental design, and making evaluation with questionnaire .The study hopes to provide new direction of design in the emergency environment with safety affordance.
論文目次 摘要 ii
SUMMARY iii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS v
LIST OF TABLES vii
LIST OF FIGURES viii
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Backgrounds 1
1.2 Research Motivation 2
1.3 Research Purposes, Questions and Hypothesis 5
1.3.1 Research Purposes 5
1.3.2 Research Questions 6
1.3.3 Research Assumptions 6
CHAPTER 2 Literature Review 7
2.1 Environmental Psychology 7
2.1.1 Brunswik's probabilistic model 7
2.1.2 Ecological Theory of Perception 8
2.2 Affordance 8
2.2.1 Technology Affordance 8
2.2.2 Actualized Affordances as Criteria for Child-friendly Environments 9
2.2.3 The Emotional Dimensions of Affordances 12
2.2.4 Environmental Affordances 14
2.2.5 Affordances Review 16
2.3 Environmental Cognition of Space Syntax 17
2.4 Emergency Medical Emergency Capability Classification 18
CHAPTER 3 Research Design and Methods 20
3.1 Framework 20
3.2 Experiment Design and Process 21
3.3 Emergency Environmental Category Lead: Stimulation Selection 22
3.4 Experiment I: The Definition of Elderly Environmental Affordances in Emergency Room 24
3.4.1 Purpose 24
3.4.2 Define Variables and Links 25
3.4.3 Questionnaire Design 27
3.4.4 Content Encoding 27
3.5 Experiment II: Interview Elderly Emergency Room Experience 28
3.6 Experiment III: Emergency Environment Design 29
3.6.1 Purpose 29
3.6.2 Experimental Design 29
CHAPTER 4 Results and Redesign 31
4.1 Results of the questionnaire: Experiment I 31
4.2 Result of Experiment II: Interview Elderly Emergency Room Experience 35
4.3 Discussion and Design 38
CHAPTER 5 Result and Discussion 47
5.1 Design Result 47
5.2 Discussion 53
CHAPTER 6 Conclusions 58
REFERENCES 60
APPENDIX 63
AppendixA: The Definition of Elderly Environmental Affordances Questionnaire 63
AppendixB: Emergency Environment Design Questionnaire 69
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