進階搜尋


   電子論文尚未授權公開,紙本請查館藏目錄
(※如查詢不到或館藏狀況顯示「閉架不公開」,表示該本論文不在書庫,無法取用。)
系統識別號 U0026-1808201912360300
論文名稱(中文) 電動載具用三埠式電能管理系統
論文名稱(英文) Tri-Port Power Management System for Electric Vehicles
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 電機工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Electrical Engineering
學年度 107
學期 2
出版年 108
研究生(中文) 陳柏元
研究生(英文) Bo-Yuan Chen
學號 N26064189
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 80頁
口試委員 召集委員-羅國原
口試委員-沈紘宇
指導教授-李嘉猷
中文關鍵字 三埠式系統  電能管理 
英文關鍵字 Tri-port system  power management 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本文旨在研究應用於電動載具內三埠式電能管理系統,而此系統的三個埠分別為:軌道供電端、馬達端與電池端,並針對這三個埠將電能的工作模式分成五種模式,而此五種工作模式可分為軌道同時對馬達供電與電池充電、軌道對馬達供電、電池對馬達供電、軌道對電池充電和軌道跟電池同時對馬達供電。當電動載具從軌道上拾取到的電能在供給馬達還有多餘的情況下將會把剩下的電能對電池充電,而如果軌道上供給的電能不足以供應馬達時,電池也能同時對馬達供電。本研究製作以MOSFETs與二極體組成之三埠式開關電路,並結合軌道供電端之降壓式轉換器與電池端之雙向升降壓轉換器形成三埠式電能管理系統,而模式的判別將藉由數位訊號處理器控制。最終實驗完成並驗證本研究之系統對於五種電能工作模式皆能夠正常運作。
英文摘要 This thesis is aimed to study on tri-port power management system in electric vehicles. The three ports of the system are the track-powered port, motor port, and battery port. The working mode of the power is divided into five modes for the three ports. Then, the five working modes can be classified as the track supply power to the motor and charge the battery simultaneously, the track supply power to the motor, the battery supply power to the motor, the track charge the battery, the track and the battery supply power to the motor at the same time. The EV picks up the power from the track too much, the remaining power will charge the battery. Then, the battery can simultaneously supply power to the motor in order to compensate for the lack part, if the track can't supply enough power. In this study, the Tri-port switching circuit is made of MOSFETs and diodes. The Tri-port switching circuit combine with the buck converter in the track-powered port and the bidirectional buck/boost converter in the battery-port, forming a tri-port power management system. Furthermore, the mode of the discrimination will be controlled by the DSP. Finally, the experiment is finished and verified that the system of this study can operate normally for all five power modes.
論文目次 中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
英文延伸摘要 III
誌謝 VII
目錄 VIII
表目錄 XI
圖目錄 XII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 研究背景 2
1-3 研究方法 4
1-4 論文大綱 5
第二章 電動載具之電能管理系統與整體結構 7
2-1 前言 7
2-2 電動載具之三埠式充電/供電架構 7
2-3 非接觸式供電軌道電動載具整體架構 11
2-4 非接觸式供電軌道電動載具電能管理系統 12
第三章 三埠式電能管理系統分析 14
3-1 前言 14
3-2 三埠式電能管理系統 14
3-3 降壓式轉換器分析 19
3-4 雙向升降壓轉換器分析 23
3-4-1 連續導通模式(CCM)之雙向升降壓轉換器 23
3-4-2 不連續導通模式(DCM)之雙向升降壓轉換器 26
3-5 馬達驅動分析 28
第四章 硬體電路與軟體設計規劃 31
4-1 前言 31
4-2 三埠式開關電路 31
4-2-1 功率開關驅動電路 38
4-3 軌道供電端之降壓式轉換器 39
4-4 直流電壓與電流感測電路 43
4-5 輔助電源 45
4-6 三埠式電能管理系統控制核心dsPIC30F4011 46
4-6-1 高速類比數位訊號轉換器 47
4-6-2 數位輸出入埠 47
4-6-3 馬達控制PWM模組 48
4-6-4 電能管理模式切換控制流程 50
4-7 三埠式電能管理系統設計流程 51
4-8 三埠式電能管理系統整體架構 54
第五章 系統模擬與實驗結果 55
5-1 前言 55
5-2 三埠式電能管理系統規格 55
5-3 電路模擬 56
5-4 三埠式電能管理系統實驗結果 63
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 73
6-1 結論 73
6-2 未來研究方向 74
參考文獻 75
參考文獻 [1] J. Shin, S. Shin, Y. Kim, S, Ahn, S. Lee, G. Jung, S. J. Jeon, and D. H. Cho,“Design and implementation of shaped magnetic-resonance-based wireless power transfer system for roadway-powered moving electric vehicles,”IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 61, no.3, pp. 1179-1192, Apr. 2013.
[2] S. Y. Choi, B. W. Gu, S. Y. Jeong, and C. T. Rim, “Advances in wireless power transfer systems for roadway-powered electric vehicles,”IEEE J-ESTPE, vol. 3, no.1, pp. 18-36, Aug. 2014.
[3] C. C. Mi, G. Buja, S. Y. Choi, and C. T. Rim,“Modern advances in wireless power transfer systems for roadway powered electric vehicles,”IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 63, no. 10, pp. 6533-6545, Oct. 2016.
[4] A. Ahmad, M. S. Alam, and R. Chabaan,“A comprehensive review of wireless charging technologies for electric vehicles,”IEEE Trans. Transport. Electrific., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 38-63, Mar. 2018.
[5] 王郁淇,非接觸式電動車供電軌道系統之區塊分段激發感應耦合結構,國立成功大學電機工程學系碩士論文,2017。
[6] 廖芝翊,應用五階變流器激勵源於具分段激發感應耦合結構之非接觸式供電陣列軌道,國立成功大學電機工程學系碩士論文,2018。
[7] 楊昆翰,非接觸式片狀感應供電軌道系統之研製,國立成功大學電機工程學系碩士論文,2013年。
[8] S. Jeong, Y. J. Jang, and D. Kum,“Economic analysis of the dynamic charging electric vehicle,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 6368-6377, Nov. 2015.
[9] Y. J. Jang, E. S. Suh, and J. W. Kim,“System architecture and mathematical models of electric transit bus system utilizing wireless power transfer technology,”IEEE Syst. J., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 495-506, June, 2016.
[10] General Information of INTIS for Developments of Wireless Electric Vehicles in INTIS Website. [Online]. Available: http://www.intis. de/intis/mobility.html, 2016.
[11] T. Zhou and B. Francois,“Energy Management and Power Control of a Hybrid Active Wind Generator for Distributed Power Generation and Grid Integration,”IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 95-104, Jan. 2011.
[12] V. Khadkikar and J. L. Kirtley,“Interline photovoltaic (I-PV) power system — a novel concept of power flow control and management,“in Proc., IEEE PES General meeting, 2011, pp. 1-6.
[13] A. Mohamed, V. Salehi, T. Ma, and O. Mohammed,“Real-time energy management algorithm for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle charging parks involving sustainable energy,”IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 577-586, Apr. 2014.
[14] M. Tabari and A. Yazdani,“An energy management strategy for a DC distribution system for power system integration of plug-in electric vehicles,”IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 7, no. 2, pp.659-668, Mar. 2016.
[15] Z. Wu, X. P. Zhang, J. Brandt, S. Y. Zhou, and J. N. Li,“Three control approaches for optimized energy flow with home energy management system,” IEEE Power Energy Technol. Syst. J., vol. 2, Issue 1, pp. 21-31, May 2015.
[16] 周哲豪,電動車充電站電能管理,國立中山大學電機工程學系碩士論文,2014。
[17] 簡振宇,智慧電網下電動車之電能調度與需量反應,國立成功大學電機工程學系碩士論文,2012年。
[18] S. Razaee and E. Farjah,“A DC–DC multiport module for integrating plug-in electric vehicles in a parking lot topology and operation,”IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 29, no. 11, pp. 5688-5965, Nov. 2014.
[19] A. Hatami, M. R. Tousi, P. Bayat, and P. Bayat,“Power management strategy for hybrid vehicle using a three-port bidirectional DC-DC converter,”in Proc. IEEE ICEE, 2015, pp. 1498-1503.
[20] T. Wu, W. Li, K. Ni, S. Song, and M. Alkahtani,“Modular tri-port converter for switched reluctance motor based hybrid electrical vehicles,”IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp.15989-15998, Jan. 2019.
[21] D. D. Nguyen, G. Fujita, and M. C. Ta,“A new soft-switching strategy for three-port Converter to be applied in EV application,”in Proc. IEEE IFEEC 2017 ECCE Asia, 2017, pp. 1126-1131.
[22] V. Monteiro, J. G. Pinto, and J. L. Afonso,“Experimental validation of a three-port integrated topology to interface electric vehicles and renewables with the electrical grid,”IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 2364-2374, June 2018.
[23] Y. Hu, C. Gan, Q. Sun, P. Li, J. Wu, and H. Wen,“Modular tri-port high-power converter for SRM based plug-in hybrid electrical trucks,”IEEE Trans. Power Electron. vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 3247-3257, Apr. 2018.
[24] S. Y. Kim, H. S. Song, and K. Nam,“Idling port isolation control of three-port bidirectional converter for EVs,”IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 2495-2506, May 2012.
[25] G. Waltrich, J. L. Duarte, and M. A. M. Hendrix,“Multiport converter for fast charging of electrical vehicle battery,”IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 2129-2139, Nov. 2012.
[26] S. A. Khan, M. R. Islam, Y. Guo, and J. Zhu,“A new isolated multi-port converter with multi-directional power flow capabilities for smart electric vehicle charging stations,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., vol. 29, no. 2, Mar. 2019.
[27] 張孟詔,電動載具用非接觸式感應饋電軌道:載具側三埠式充電/供電系統,國立成功大學電機工程學系碩士論文,2010年。
[28] M. Vasiladiotis and A. Rufer,“A modular multiport power electronic transformer with integrated split battery energy storage for versatile ultrafast EV charging stations,”IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 3213-3222, May 2015.
[29] E. Asa, K. Colak, and D. Czarkowski,“Analysis of cascaded multi-output-port converter for wireless plug-in hybrid/on-board EV chargers,”in Proc., IEEE APEC, 2016, pp. 1323-1328.
[30] C. Gan, N. Jin, Q. Sun, W. Kong, Y. Hu, and L. M. Tolbert,“Multiport bidirectional SRM drives for solar-assisted hybrid electric bus powertrain with flexible driving and self-charging functions,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol.33, no. 10, pp. 8231-8245, Oct. 2018.
[31] O. Hegazy, M. A. Monem, P. Lataire, and J. V. Mierlo,“Modeling and analysis of a hybrid PV/Second-Life battery topology based fast DC-charging systems for electric vehicles”in Proc. EPE’15 ECCE-Europe, 2015, pp.1-11.
[32] J. Y. Lee, Y. M. Chang, and F. Y. Liu,“A new UPS topology employing a PFC boost rectifier cascaded high-frequency tri-port converter,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 803-813, Aug. 1999.
[33] Y. Hu, C. Gan, W. Cao, and Y. Fang,“Tri-port converter for flexible energy control of PV-fed electric vehicles,”in Proc., IEEE IEMDC, 2015, pp. 1063-1070.
[34] H. Wu, J. Zhang, X. Qing, T. Mu, and Y. Xi,“Secondary side regulated soft-switching full-bridge three-port converter based on bridgeless boost rectifier and bidirectional converter for multiple energy interface,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 4847-4860, July 2016.
[35] Y. Hu, C. Gan, W. Cao, Y. Fang, S. J. Fineey, and J. Wu,“Solar PV-powered SRM drive for EVs with flexible energy control functions,”IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 3357-3366, July 2016.
[36] S. Agrawal and S. P. Singh,“Multi-port converter for solar powered hybrid vehicle,”in Proc. IEEE PVSC, 2016, pp. 3258-3262.
[37] H. Nagata and M. Uno,“Multi-port converter integrating two PWM converters for multi-power-source systems,”IEEE IFEEC 2017-ECCE Asia, 2017, pp. 1833-1838.
[38] Q. Mei, X. Z. Lin, and W. Y. Wu,“A novel multi-port DC-DC converter for hybrid renewable energy distributed generation systems connected to power grid,”in Proc. IEEE ICIT, 2008, pp.1-5.
[39] G. Gruosso,“Optimization and management of energy power flow in hybrid electrical vehicles,”in Proc., IET HEVC 2014, 2014, pp. 1-5.
[40] M. O. Badwy and Y. Sozer,“Power flow management of a grid tied PV-battery system for electric vehicles charging,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 1347-1357, Mar. 2017.
[41] H. A. Yavasoglu, J. Shen, C. Shi, M. Gokasan, and A. Khaligh,“Power split control strategy for an EV powertrain with two propulsion machines,”IEEE Trans. Transport. Electrific., vol. 1, no.4, pp.382-390, Dec. 2015.
[42] D. Meer, G. R. C. Mouli, G. M. E. Mouli, L. R. Elizondo, and P. Bauer,“Power split control strategy for an EV powertrain with two propulsion machines,”IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 311-320, Jan. 2018.
[43] 廖昱奇,風力發電機電源轉換器研製,國立雲林科技大學電機工程學系碩士論文,2008。
[44] 蕭閔聰,新型雙向直流至直流轉換器之分析與研製,國立成功大學電機工程學系碩士論文,2010。
[45] 陳政鴻,電源轉換器模組動態響應特性補償設計流程之研究,國立成功大學電機工程學系碩士論文,2013。
[46] 陳偉毅,Buck轉換器回授補償控制器設計,國立中央大學電機工程學系碩士論文,2013。
[47] 江炫樟(譯),電力電子學第三版,全華圖書股份有限公司,2014。
[48] 曾百由,dsPIC數位訊號處理控制器原理與應用-MPLAB C30開發實務,宏有圖書出版公司,台灣,2009。
[49] dsPIC30F4011 Data Sheet, Microchip Technology Inc.,2005.
[50] TLP350 Datasheet, Toshiba Inc.,2003.
[51] TL494 Datasheet,Texa Instruments Inc.,2005.
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2024-08-01起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2024-08-01起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw