進階搜尋


   電子論文尚未授權公開,紙本請查館藏目錄
(※如查詢不到或館藏狀況顯示「閉架不公開」,表示該本論文不在書庫,無法取用。)
系統識別號 U0026-1808201521370900
論文名稱(中文) 以設計與工程途徑開發盲人輔具之研究
論文名稱(英文) Blind Aid Developments Using Design and Engineering Approach
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 工業設計學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Industrial Design
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 戴廣欽
研究生(英文) Kuang-Chin Tai
學號 P38941047
學位類別 博士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 126頁
口試委員 指導教授-陳建旭
口試委員-吳豐光
口試委員-賴新喜
召集委員-陳連福
口試委員-陳國祥
中文關鍵字 設計  工程  盲人  輔助科技 
英文關鍵字 design  engineering  blind  assistive technology 
學科別分類
中文摘要 本論文強調以設計與工程途徑開發輔具的重要性。在過去,設計與工程開發技術被不同的團體所使用,但其開發的成品往往缺乏使用性或功能性。本研究認為設計與工程途徑互為另一方的改善之道。為了要闡明這件事實,本研究以這兩種途徑開發兩個新的輔具,以改進過去產品在使用性或功能性上的不足。

本研究的服務對象為盲人。第一個輔具是碗,以前用來偵測熱水水位的電子輔具需要電池,而新開發的碗能讓盲人偵測碗裡的熱水水位且不需要電池,因此獲得很高的使用性評價。另一個專案牽涉到電子行動輔具,雖然這類輔具已存在多年並已驗證能夠輔助盲人在戶外行走,但這類輔具目前還不能偵測計程車、紅綠燈、斑馬線以及盲磚。本論文所發表的方法能夠在低解析度的影像中偵測這四種物件,因此它改進了功能上的問題。這兩項作品解釋了為何以設計與工程途徑能夠提供更多機會改進輔具,以及滿足使用者的需要。
英文摘要 This research notes the importance of using design and engineering approaches to develop assistive devices. In the past, design and engineering approaches were adopted separately by different groups in isolation. However, the devices produced using a single approach often have a bias in the developers’ expertise. Systems generated with a design approach may have deficits in functionality, while those developed with an engineering approach may have poor usability. This research considers each approach as a solution to the problems of the other. To illustrate this, this research develops two assistive devices to improve previous devices that have problems with regard to their usability or functionality.

The research targets people who are blind. Two assistive devices have been developed using design and engineering approaches to improve their usability and functional qualities. The first device is a bowl. Previous electronic indicators for detecting the water level need batteries for power, but the bowl developed in this work enables blind people to detect water levels without the use of batteries, and is thus more usable. The other case involves an electronic mobility aid, and although these have existed for many years, and are able to help blind individuals’ navigate outdoors, they are still unable to detect the symbols used for taxis, pedestrian walk symbols, zebra crossings, and tactile guide paths. The novel detection method presented in this work is able to automatically detect these four targets in low-resolution images, and solve a number of functional problems. These two projects show how using design and engineering approaches can provide more opportunities to improve assistive devices and better meet user needs.
論文目次 SUMMARY i
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iii
CONTENTS v
LIST OF TABLES vii
LIST OF FIGURES ix
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS xi
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background and Motivation ...1
1.2 Objectives and Scope ...5
1.3 Thesis Structure ...6
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 9
2.1 Characteristics of Blind People ...9
2.2 Skills for Cooking ...12
2.3 Skills for Travel ...15
2.4 Sensory Substitution Device ...18
2.5 Design Guidelines ...26
2.6 Product Development Processes ...30
CHAPTER 3 DESIGN APPROACH: DEVELOPMENT OF A HOT WATER DETECTION SYSTEM 35
3.1 Context of Use ...36
3.2 Requirements ...40
3.3 Solutions ...41
3.4 Evaluation ...54
3.5 Discussion ...66
CHAPTER 4 ENGINEERING APPROACH: DEVELOPMENT OF A SYMBOL DETECTION SYSTEM 69
4.1 Requirement Analysis ...69
4.2 Design ...73
4.3 Implementation ...80
4.4 Tests and Results ...82
4.5 Discussion ...93
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS 95
REFERENCES 99
APPENDIX 107
A Experiment Data of the Hot Water Detection System ...107
B Experiment Data of the Symbol Detection System ...118
C Qualifications of the Research Works ...126
參考文獻 Adjouadi, M. (1991). A man-machine vision interface for sensing the environment. Journal of rehabilitation research and development, 29(2), 57-76.
AEGIS. (1995). Power supply glossary. Retrieved August 10, 2015, from http://aegispower.com/index.php/support/power-supply-glossary
Ahmetovic, D., Bernareggi, C., & Mascetti, S. (2011). Zebralocalizer: identification and localization of pedestrian crossings. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Human Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services.
Alghamdi, S., van Schyndel, R., & Khalil, I. (2012). Safe trajectory estimation at a pedestrian crossing to assist visually impaired people. Paper presented at the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE.
Andersson, N.-B., Hanson, E., Magnusson, L., & Nolan, M. (2002). Views of family carers and older people of information technology. British Journal of Nursing, 11(12), 827-831.
Aranda, J., & Mares, P. (2004). Visual system to help blind people to cross the street (Vol. 3118): Springer.
Arno, P., Capelle, C., Wanet-Defalque, M.-C., Catalan-Ahumada, M., & Veraart, C. (1999). Auditory coding of visual patterns for the blind. PERCEPTION-LONDON-, 28, 1013-1030.
Bach-Y-Rita, P. (1995). Nonsynaptic diffusion neurotransmission and late brain reorganization. New York: Demos-Vermande.
Bach-Y-Rita, P., Collins, C. C., Saunders, F. A., White, B., & Scadden, L. (1969). Vision substitution by tactile image projection.
Benson, S. (1985). So what about independent travel for the blind Future Reflections, 4(3).
Bradski, G., & Kaehler, A. (2008). Learning OpenCV: Computer vision with the OpenCV library. Beijing: O'Reilly Media.
Brooks, N. A. (1991). User's responses to assistive devices for physical disability. Social science & medicine, 32(12), 1417-1424.
Bull, R., Rathborn, H., & Clifford, B. R. (1983). The voice-recognition accuracy of blind listeners. Perception, 12(2), 223-226.
Capelle, C., Trullemans, C., Arno, P., & Veraart, C. (1998). A real-time experimental prototype for enhancement of vision rehabilitation using auditory substitution. Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on, 45(10), 1279-1293.
Challis, B. P., & Edwards, A. D. (2001). Design principles for tactile interaction Haptic Human-Computer Interaction (pp. 17-24): Springer.
Courtney, A., & Chow, H. (2000). A study of tile design for tactile guide pathways. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 25(6), 693-698.
Cross, N. (2008). Engineering design methods: strategies for product design: John Wiley & Sons.
Dakopoulos, D., & Bourbakis, N. G. (2010). Wearable obstacle avoidance electronic travel aids for blind: a survey. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews, IEEE Transactions on, 40(1), 25-35.
Darling, D. (1975). Pitch (musical). Retrieved August 7, 2015, from http://science-notebook.com/sound01.html
Edwards, M. (1993). The guidance path at station square, Milton Keynes. Traffic engineering & control, 34(11).
Funamizu, M. (2009). Xylophone Pitcher. Retrieved June 1, 2015, from http://www.tuvie.com/xylophone-pitcher-from-mac-funamizu/#more-4274
Gilbert, C., Anderton, L., Dandona, L., & Foster, A. (1999). Prevalence of visual impairment in children: a review of available data. Neuro-Ophthalmology, 6(1), 73-82.
Gomez, J. D., Bologna, G., & Pun, T. (2012). Non-visual-cueing-based sensing and understanding of nearby entities in aided navigation. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 14th international ACM SIGACCESS conference on Computers and accessibility.
Gose, E., Johnsonbaugh, R., & Jost, S. (1996). Pattern recognition and image analysis. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Hub, A., Diepstraten, J., & Ertl, T. (2004). Design and development of an indoor navigation and object identification system for the blind. Paper presented at the ACM SIGACCESS Accessibility and Computing.
Hull, T., & Mason, H. (1995). Performance of blind children on digit-span tests. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 89, 166-166.
Hurley, S., & Noë, A. (2003). Neural plasticity and consciousness. Biology and Philosophy, 18(1), 131-168.
ISO. (2010). ISO 9241-210:2010 Ergonomics of human-system interaction. Retrieved April 4, 2015, from http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=52075
Ivanchenko, V., Coughlan, J., & Shen, H. (2008). Detecting and locating crosswalks using a camera phone. Paper presented at the Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops, 2008. CVPRW'08. IEEE Computer Society Conference on.
Ivanchenko, V., Coughlan, J., & Shen, H. (2010). Real-time walk light detection with a mobile phone Computers Helping People with Special Needs (pp. 229-234): Springer.
Jafri, R., Ali, S. A., Arabnia, H. R., & Fatima, S. (2014). Computer vision-based object recognition for the visually impaired in an indoors environment: a survey. The Visual Computer, 30(11), 1197-1222.
Jernigan, K. (1994). If blindness comes. USA: National Federation of the Blind.
Jie, X., Xiaochi, W., & Zhigang, F. (2010). Research and Implementation of Blind Sidewalk Detection in Portable ETA System. Paper presented at the Information Technology and Applications (IFITA), 2010 International Forum on.
Karungaru, S., Terada, K., & Fukumi, M. (2011). Improving mobility for blind persons using video sunglasses. Paper presented at the Frontiers of Computer Vision (FCV), 2011 17th Korea-Japan Joint Workshop on.
Kim, Y. K., Kim, K. W., & Yang, X. (2007). Real time traffic light recognition system for color vision deficiencies. Paper presented at the Mechatronics and Automation, 2007. ICMA 2007. International Conference on.
Kindersley, D. (1974). Echoes. Retrieved August 9, 2015, from http://www.dkfindout.com/uk/science/sound/echoes/
Kuc, R. (2002). Binaural sonar electronic travel aid provides vibrotactile cues for landmark, reflector motion and surface texture classification. Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on, 49(10), 1173-1180.
Kujala, T., Lehtokoski, A., Alho, K., Kekoni, J., & Näätänen, R. (1997). Faster reaction times in the blind than sighted during bimodal divided attention. Acta Psychologica, 96(1), 75-82.
Lessard, N., Pare, M., Lepore, F., & Lassonde, M. (1998). Early-blind human subjects localize sound sources better than sighted subjects. Nature, 395(6699), 278-280.
Maguire, M. (2001). Methods to support human-centred design. International journal of human-computer studies, 55(4), 587-634.
Maguire, M., Kirakowski, J., & Vereker, N. (1998). RESPECT: User centred requirements handbook.
Matzler, K., & Hinterhuber, H. H. (1998). How to make product development projects more successful by integrating Kano's model of customer satisfaction into quality function deployment. Technovation, 18(1), 25-38.
McCreadie, C., & Tinker, A. (2005). The acceptability of assistive technology to older people. Ageing and Society, 25(01), 91-110.
Meijer, P. B. (1992). An experimental system for auditory image representations. Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on, 39(2), 112-121.
Miskelly, F. G. (2001). Assistive technology in elderly care. Age and ageing, 30(6), 455-458.
Mullery, G. P. (1979). CORE-a method for controlled requirement specification. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 4th international conference on Software engineering.
Nagarajan, R., Sainarayanan, G., Yacoob, S., & Porle, R. R. (2004). An improved object identification for NAVI. Paper presented at the TENCON 2004. 2004 IEEE Region 10 Conference.
Nielsen, J. (1994). Usability engineering: Elsevier.
O'Regan, J. K., & Noë, A. (2001). A sensorimotor account of vision and visual consciousness. Behavioral and brain sciences, 24(05), 939-973.
Phillips, B., & Zhao, H. (1993). Predictors of assistive technology abandonment. Assistive Technology, 5(1), 36-45.
Poulson, D., & Richardson, S. (1998). USERfit–a framework for user centred design in assistive technology. Technology and disability, 9(3), 163-171.
Power, C., & Jürgensen, H. (2010). Accessible presentation of information for people with visual disabilities. Universal Access in the Information Society, 9(2), 97-119.
Röder, B., Demuth, L., Streb, J., & Rösler, F. (2003). Semantic and morpho-syntactic priming in auditory word recognition in congenitally blind adults. Language and Cognitive Processes, 18(1), 1-20.
Röder, B., & Rösler, F. (2003). Memory for environmental sounds in sighted, congenitally blind and late blind adults: evidence for cross-modal compensation. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 50(1), 27-39.
Röder, B., Rösler, F., Hennighausen, E., & Näcker, F. (1996). Event-related potentials during auditory and somatosensory discrimination in sighted and blind human subjects. Cognitive Brain Research, 4(2), 77-93.
Röder, B., Rösler, F., & Neville, H. J. (1999). Effects of interstimulus interval on auditory event-related potentials in congenitally blind and normally sighted humans. Neuroscience letters, 264(1), 53-56.
Röder, B., Rösler, F., & Neville, H. J. (2000). Event-related potentials during auditory language processing in congenitally blind and sighted people. Neuropsychologia, 38(11), 1482-1502.
Röder, B., Rösler, F., & Neville, H. J. (2001). Auditory memory in congenitally blind adults: a behavioral-electrophysiological investigation. Cognitive Brain Research, 11(2), 289-303.
Röder, B., Stock, O., Bien, S., Neville, H., & Rösler, F. (2002). Speech processing activates visual cortex in congenitally blind humans. European Journal of Neuroscience, 16(5), 930-936.
Röder, B., Teder-Sälejärvi, W., Sterr, A., Rösler, F., Hillyard, S. A., & Neville, H. J. (1999). Improved auditory spatial tuning in blind humans. Nature, 400(6740), 162-166. doi: 10.1038/22106
Resnikoff, S., Pascolini, D., Etya'ale, D., Kocur, I., Pararajasegaram, R., Pokharel, G. P., & Mariotti, S. P. (2004). Global data on visual impairment in the year 2002. Bulletin of the world health organization, 82(11), 844-851.
Ruchika, S. (2012). A comparative study of software development models. International Journal of Advances in Computing and Information Technology.
Sampaio, E., Maris, S., & Bach-y-Rita, P. (2001). Brain plasticity:‘visual’acuity of blind persons via the tongue. Brain research, 908(2), 204-207.
Sanz, P. R., Mezcua, B. R., & Sánchez Pena, J. M. (2013). ICTs for orientation and mobility for blind people: A state of the art Handbook of Research on ICTs for Human-Centered Healthcare and Social Care Services (pp. 646-669).
Schauerte, B., Martinez, M., Constantinescu, A., & Stiefelhagen, R. (2012) An assistive vision system for the blind that helps find lost things. Vol. 7383 LNCS. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) (pp. 566-572).
Schroede, R., & Willoughby, D. (1985). Suggestions for the blind cook. Future Reflections, 4(3).
Schroeder, R. (1983). Let your blind child in the kitchen, mom. Future Reflections, 2(1).
Se, S. (2000). Zebra-crossing detection for the partially sighted. Paper presented at the Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2000. Proceedings. IEEE Conference on.
Shen, H., Chan, K.-Y., Coughlan, J., & Brabyn, J. (2008). A mobile phone system to find crosswalks for visually impaired pedestrians. Technology and disability, 20(3), 217-224.
Shioyama, T., Wu, H., Nishibe, Y., Nakamura, N., & Kitawaki, S. (2001). Image analysis of crosswalk. Paper presented at the Image Analysis and Processing, 2001. Proceedings. 11th International Conference on.
Shoval, S., Borenstein, J., & Koren, Y. (1998). Auditory guidance with the navbelt-a computerized travel aid for the blind. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications and Reviews, IEEE Transactions on, 28(3), 459-467.
Stephanidis, C. (2000). User interfaces for all: concepts, methods, and tools: CRC Press.
Veraart, C., & Wanet-Defalque, M.-C. (1987). Representation of locomotor space by the blind. Perception & psychophysics, 42(2), 132-139.
Wang, S., Pan, H., Zhang, C., & Tian, Y. (2014). RGB-D image-based detection of stairs, pedestrian crosswalks and traffic signs. Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation, 25(2), 263-272.
Wikia. (2013). CPU cooling. Retrieved August 9, 2015, from http://computer.wikia.com/wiki/CPU_cooling
Wood, J., & Silver, D. (1995). Joint application development: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Young, N. (2008). Sound. Retrieved August 9, 2015, from http://science-notebook.com/sound01.html
Zhou, L., Sang, Y., Shen, D., & Bao, H. (2014). Cup for the blind. Retrieved June 15, 2015, from http://exhibition.ifdesign.de/entrydetails_en.html?mode=esearch&offset=0
論文全文使用權限
  • 同意授權校內瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2025-09-09起公開。
  • 同意授權校外瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,於2025-09-09起公開。


  • 如您有疑問,請聯絡圖書館
    聯絡電話:(06)2757575#65773
    聯絡E-mail:etds@email.ncku.edu.tw