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系統識別號 U0026-1807201518080400
論文名稱(中文) 雙層週期性奈米陣列微結構於太陽能選擇性吸收器之提升吸收率分析
論文名稱(英文) Analysis of optical absorption in selective solar absorbers with double-layered Nanostructure Arrays
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 航空太空工程學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Aeronautics & Astronautics
學年度 103
學期 2
出版年 104
研究生(中文) 陳蕙琦
研究生(英文) Hui-Chi Chen
學號 P46024231
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 100頁
口試委員 指導教授-楊文彬
口試委員-胡潛濱
口試委員-陳介力
中文關鍵字 太陽能選擇性吸收器  雙層結構疊合  奈米微結構  熱效益分析  高溫應用 
英文關鍵字 Selective solar absorbers  Double-layered structure  Nanostructure  Figure of merit  High temperature applications 
學科別分類
中文摘要 近年來由於石油燃料日益枯竭,綠色能源一直被廣泛討論,利用太陽能集熱器收集太陽能的能源產生熱能便是一種方法,根據普朗克熱輻射定律,在紅外線頻譜區要有低吸收率,以避免吸收輻射能在提高溫度後,又將熱能發散出去,這種特殊的方法稱之為選擇性吸收,太陽能吸收器須在高溫下應用,吸收層在太陽能頻譜波段需要有高平均吸收率(α ̅),在紅外線頻譜波段需擁有低熱發散率(ε ̅)。
為提高太陽能吸收率,可於吸收塗層改變結構、成分搭配,本文利用光子晶體方法設計雙層結構疊合,以熔點高的鎢做為研究材料,利用COMSOL Multiphysics©模擬軟體,根據赫姆霍茲方程式計算其吸收率與反射率,再用Matlab R2014b進行熱效益分析,以熱效益係數(η_FOM)判別吸收層於800℃高溫的性能。首先,考慮週期為固定邊長L=0.4μm、固定厚度為d=0.32μm下,針對不同晶體形狀、不同填充比例之單層吸收層,垂直入射光源,橫向電場模態(TE偏振平面波),分析對吸收率的影響,得方槽形狀吸收率較圓孔高。再探討四種疊合類型不同填充比例之雙層吸收層,比較鎢平板、單層結構與雙層結構吸收層之熱效益係數,本文結論以雙層方槽疊合類型2的模型為最佳設計,其中上層f_s1=0.75配下層f_s2=0.45的結構計算得最佳結果,比較鎢平板(η_FOM=0.4161)、單層結構(η_FOM=0.6760),其數據為α ̅=0.9215、ε ̅=0.2185、η_FOM=0.7201有較高的光熱轉換效益。
英文摘要 In recent years due to increasing depletion of oil, the usage of green energy has been widely discussed. Using solar energy collectors to collect solar heat is one of the methods. According to Planck's law (Blackbody radiation law), a solar absorber must be designed to haves low absorption in the infrared spectrum, in order to minimize black body emittance at a high temperature. The characteristic of this absorber is called selective absorption. Solar absorbers are often operated at a high temperature, will need to have high absorption (α ̅) in the solar spectrum range and low thermal emittance (ε ̅) in the infrared range.
In order to improve solar absorption, some structural designs or compositional modifications are necessary for the surface of the absorber. This study employed tungsten to coat the surface of the absorber. Nanostructure with different square filling ratio (f_s) was designed on the tungsten to form a photonic crystal. Helmholtz’s equation was used to calculate the reflectance, transmittance and absorption of the tungsten by COMSOL Multiphysics simulation software. To characterize the performance of a selective solar absorber at 800 ℃,an index of figure of merit (η_FOM) was defined and calculated by MATLAB in our study. First, consider the geometry of the photonic crystal to be a periodic structure with periodicity L=0.4μm and depth d=0.32μm. The solar radiation was assumed to have an incident angle θ_i=0° with s-polarized plane wave in this study. For a single-layer photonics structure, different cavity shapes and filling ratio, were used to calculate their effects on the heat absorption. After that, a new design of double-layer structures with different square filling ratio (f_s) was proposed. There are four types of double-layer structures. The values of η_FOM were calculated and compared for the designs of single-layer photonics, double-layered photonics and flat plane for the surface of the solar absorber. Finally, the effect of Cermet with double-layered structure on the absorption is also discussed in this study.
論文目次 中文摘要................................ I
Abstract............................... III
致謝.................................... IX
目錄.................................... X
表目錄.................................. XIII
圖目錄.................................. XIII
附錄圖目錄............................... XVII
第一章、 緒論............................ 1
1-1 前言............................ 1
1-2 研究目的........................ 1
1-3 研究方法........................ 2
1-4 文獻回顧........................ 4
第二章、 研究簡介........................ 10
2-1 太陽能選擇性吸收器之概論.......... 10
2-2 太陽能選擇性吸收器之設計類型....... 11
2-2-1自然選擇性吸收材料................... 11
2-2-2半導體金屬材料...................... 11
2-2-3多層吸收材料........................ 13
2-2-4陶瓷金屬材料........................ 15
2-2-5表面紋理........................... 18
2-2-6光子晶體........................... 21
2-3 結論............................ 28
第三章、 理論原理與模擬介紹 ................29
3-1 前言............................ 29
3-2 基礎電磁學理論................... 30
3-3 有效介質理論..................... 32
3-4 反射率與穿透率計算 ................35
3-5 電磁波輻射理論................... 37
3-5-1黑體輻射........................... 37
3-5-2太陽輻射........................... 39
3-5-3 熱效益分析......................... 41
3-6 結論............................ 44
第四章、 數值結果與討論................... 45
4-1 設計概念........................ 45
4-2 幾何模型建立與文獻比對............ 46
4-3 陶瓷金屬材料..................... 48
4-3-1單層Cermet結果..................... 49
4-3-2雙層Cermet結果..................... 52
4-4 單層幾何結構之設計................ 57
4-4-1圓孔幾何結構........................ 57
4-4-2方槽幾何結構........................ 61
4-5 雙層結構疊合之設計................ 64
4-5-1雙層圓孔結構疊合.................... 66
4-5-2雙層方槽結構疊合.................... 75
4-5-3雙層陶瓷金屬疊合.................... 84
第五章、 結論............................ 88
5-1 結論............................ 88
5-2 成果與展望....................... 89
參考文獻................................ 91
附錄.................................... 97
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