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論文名稱(中文) Multi-level Antecedents of Social Capital and its Performance Consequence: The Roles of Innovative Culture, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, and Proactive Personality
論文名稱(英文) Multi-level Antecedents of Social Capital and its Performance Consequence: The Roles of Innovative Culture, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, and Proactive Personality
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 國際經營管理研究所碩士班
系所名稱(英) Institute of International Management (IIMBA--Master)
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生(中文) 阮海越
研究生(英文) Hai-Viet Nguyen
學號 Ra6007463
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 75頁
口試委員 指導教授-林豪傑
召集委員-張紹基
口試委員-鄭至甫
中文關鍵字 none 
英文關鍵字 Organizational citizenship behavior  Proactive personality  Innovative culture  Social capital  Hierarchical linear modeling 
學科別分類
中文摘要 none
英文摘要 This study applies the social capital and social impact theories and the hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) approach to examine the multilevel antecedents and performance consequences of employees’ internal and external social capital. Specifically, at the individual-level, organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and proactive personality are considered as antecedents while in-role and innovative performance is taken as consequences of employee social capital. .At the group-level, innovative culture is analyzed to test its moderating effect on the relationships between the antecedents and social capital. Analytical results based on a sample collected from Vietnamese business workers with a dyadic approach show that the positive effects of proactive personality on both internal and external social capital and that of OCB on internal social capital are supported. The positive effects of internal social capital on in-role and innovative performance, as well as that of external social capital on innovative performance, are also supported. Moreover, innovative culture positively moderates the relationship between OCB and internal social capital, which conversely mediates the relationship between OCB and task performance. The study contributes to the social capital theory by exploring the building of individual internal and external social capital and identifying their individual and contextual determinants. Implications and limitations are discussed.
論文目次 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................................................................................... I
ABSTRACT .................................................................................................................. II
TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................ III
LIST OF TABLES ...................................................................................................... VI
LIST OF FIGURES .................................................................................................... VII
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION ............................................................................ 1
1.1 Research Background and Motivation................................. ........................... 1
1.2 Research Objectives and Questions................................ ................................ 4
1.3 Research Gaps to be Filled and Contributions................................ ............... 4
1.4 Research Structure.......................... 7
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW................................................................. 8
2.1 Theoretical Background................................ ................................ ................. 8
2.2 Definitions of Relevant Research Variables................................ ................. 10
2.2.1 Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB)................................ ..... 10
2.2.2 Pro-active Personality................................ ........ 12
2.2.3 Innovative Culture................................ .............. 13
2.2.4 Social Capital................................ ..................... 14
2.3 Development of Research Hypothesis................................ .......................... 17
2.3.1 OCB and Social Capital................................ ................................ ..... 17
2.3.2 Pro-active Personality and Social Capital................................ ........ 20
2.3.3 Innovative Culture as a Moderator................................ .................... 21
2.3.4 Social Capital and Employee Performance................................ ....... 22
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY ...................... 25
3.1 Conceptual Model................................ ................................ ........................ 25
3. 2 Sampling Plan................................. ............................... 25
3.3 Hypotheses to be Tested................................ ................................ ............... 26
3.4 Questionnaire Design and Construct Measurement................................ ..... 27
3.4.1 Organizational Citizenship Behavior................................ ................. 28
3.4.2 Proactive Personality................................ ................................ ......... 29
3.4.3 Innovative Culture................................ ................................ .............. 30
3.4.4 Social Capital................................ ..................... 31
3.4.5 Job Performance................................ ................................ ................ 33
3.5 Data Analysis Procedures................................ ................................ ............. 34
3.5.1 Descriptive Statistical Analysis................................ .......................... 34
3.5.2 Confirmatory Factor Analysis................................ ............................ 34
3.5.3 Pearson Correlation................................ ................................ .......... 34
3.5.4 Purification and Reliability of the Measurement Variables ............... 34
3.5.5 Interrelationships between Research Variables: Hierarchical Liner Modeling (HLM) and Hierarchical Regression ................................ . 35
CHAPTER FOUR RESEARCH RESULTS ............................................................... 36
4.1 Characteristic of Respondents................................ ................................ ...... 36
4.2 Assessing Full Measurement Model................................ ............................. 37
4.3 Validity and Reliability Test................................ ................................ ......... 42
4.4 Mean, Standard Deviation, and Pearson Correlation................................ ... 44
4.5 Intra-class Correlation Coefficients (ICCs)................................ .................. 46
4.6 The Results of Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) and Hierarchical Regression analysis................................ ..................... 47
4.6.1 Null Mode................................ ......................... 48
4.6.2 Random -Coefficient Regression Model................................ ............. 48
4.6.3 Slopes-as-Outcomes Model................................ ................................ 48
4.6.4 Result for Hierarchical Linear Modeling................................ .......... 49
4.6.5 Result for Hierarchical Regression Analysis................................ ..... 53
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS ........................................ 55
5.1 Discussion and Conclusion................................ ........... 55
5.1.1 Theoretical Implications................................ ................................ .... 55
5.1.2 Practical Implications................................ ................................ ........ 59
5.2 Limitations and Future Research................................ ................................ .. 60
REFERENCE .............................................................................................................. 62
APPENDICES ............................................................................................................. 69 Appendix 1: English Questionnaire (Employee Version)................................ ... 69
Appendix 2: English Questionnaire (Supervisor Version)................................. . 74
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