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系統識別號 U0026-1806201315300700
論文名稱(中文) J.R.R. 托爾金的《精靈寶鑽》及《魔戒》中的永生、死亡及超凡
論文名稱(英文) Exploration of Mortality and Transcendence in J.R.R. Tolkien's The Silmarillion and The Lord of the Rings
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 外國語文學系碩博士班
系所名稱(英) Department of Foreign Languages & Literature
學年度 101
學期 2
出版年 102
研究生(中文) 劉謹誼
研究生(英文) Ching-Yi Liu
電子信箱 kanyi77@hotmail.com
學號 k26991066
學位類別 碩士
語文別 英文
論文頁數 76頁
口試委員 指導教授-石苓
口試委員-金傑夫
口試委員-林明澤
中文關鍵字 J.R.R. 托爾金  《精靈寶鑽》  《魔戒》  永生  死亡  假死經驗  超凡  精靈  羅斯洛立安  凱蘭崔爾  美德    自由意志  伊露維塔 
英文關鍵字 J.R.R. Tolkien  The Silmarillion  The Lord of the Rings  immortality  mortality  death  transcendence  Lothlórien  love  free will  pseudo-mortality  virtue  fall  Elves  Men  Ilúvatar. 
學科別分類
中文摘要 對人類來說,「永生」一直是一個可談而不可及的狀態。但在英國奇幻作家J.R.R.托爾金所創造的阿爾達世界中,死亡與永生不僅共存於同一世界,還形成了強烈對比。本文探討托爾金兩大作品《精靈寶鑽》與《魔戒》,並透過分析不死之地維林諾與中土大陸、永生精靈與人類角色之間的故事,揭露死亡的真正涵義。本文第一章「精靈與死亡」以精靈角度出發,以羅斯洛立安王國、凱蘭崔爾公主,及水之戒南雅為例,分析永生所會面臨的生命難題,以及闡述精靈是如何羨慕人類的死亡,因而創造「假死經歷」以品嘗憂傷之美學。第二章「人類與永生」中,我們將看到,托爾金是如何藉由一部完整建構的努曼諾爾人歷史,證明在人類所追求的「永生」的過程中,是如何誤解伊露維塔贈與死亡的善意,及忽略其背後超凡之可能性。第三章「超凡: 美德與愛之力量」將以咕嚕、比爾博及波羅莫,這三名角色與支配魔戒之關係為例,證明美德是通往超凡境界的力量。以貝倫與露西安、及亞拉岡與亞玟這兩對愛侶為例,證明愛是足以對抗死亡恐懼之力量,並彰顯死亡對生命豐富性具有無可取代之價值。
英文摘要 This paper investigates the essence of death by exploring the distinct races of Elves and Men in John Ronald Reuel Tolkien's The Silmarillion and The Lord of the Rings. I will present the weakness of immortality, and show mortality as a possibility to transcend death for Men in Tolkien's world. In Chapter one "Elves and Mortality," we will see from the stories of the Three Rings of Elves and Lothlórien that immortality, which most Men think as perfection, has its own weakness and causes Elves a certain degree of emptiness and grief. The Elves thus create experiences of "pseudo-mortality" to aestheticize their sorrowfulness. Chapter two "Men and Immortality" is a contrast to that of the Elves and shows that the Númenóreans' fear of death and their desire for immortality are the main reasons that lead to their downfall and the biggest challenges that test their free will and virtue. The last Chapter "Path to Transcendence: Virtue and Love" focuses on the process of gaining a transcendence in the spiritual world through virtue and love. It will show virtue as a path of transcendence by examining the characters Gollum, Bilbo and Boromir, and presents love as a power to conquer the fear of death from the love stories of Beren and Lúthien, and Aragorn and Arwen.
論文目次 Introduction..................................1
Chapter One...................................10
Elves and Mortality.........................10
Chapter Two...................................29
Men and Immortality.........................29
Chapter Three.................................44
Path to Transcendence: Virtue and Love......44
Conclusion....................................66
Works Cited...................................75
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---, The Return of the King: Being the Third Part of the Lord of the Rings. New York: Ballantine Books, 2012. Print.
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Zipes, Jack. “The Utopian Function of Fairy Tales and Fantasy: Ernst Bloch the Marxist and J.R.R. Tolkien the Catholic.” Breaking the Magic Spell: Radical Theories of Folk and Fairy Tales. Austin: U of Texas P, 1979. 129-59. Print.
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