系統識別號 U0026-1802202116041300
論文名稱(中文) 農地對淹水潛勢影響評估之研究—以桃園市沿海河系流域為例
論文名稱(英文) Assessing the Impacts of Agricultural Land on Flood Potential — A Case Study of Taoyuan Coastal Basins
校院名稱 成功大學
系所名稱(中) 都市計劃學系
系所名稱(英) Department of Urban Planning
學年度 109
學期 1
出版年 110
研究生(中文) 王鈺昕
研究生(英文) Yu-Hsin Wang
學號 P26074101
學位類別 碩士
語文別 中文
論文頁數 92頁
口試委員 口試委員-洪啟東
中文關鍵字 農地轉用  農地防洪  淹水潛勢  地文性淹排水模式 
英文關鍵字 Agricultural Land Conversion  Agricultural Land Flood Control  Flood Potential  Physiographic Drainage-Inundation Model 
中文摘要 隨著都市化進程,建成地區逐漸取代農地、林地等土地,致不透水鋪面比例增加,原具有洪水涵容功能之土地大幅減少,使得降雨逕流過程中雨水入滲比率減少、地表逕流量增加,導致水患風險上升。由於土地使用及覆蓋類型差異將直接影響降雨事件發生時雨水滲透性及地表逕流之形成,其中農業使用土地之土壤性質條件等因素,使其相較被不透水面披覆之建築使用土地有較佳滲透性,顯示農地不僅有糧食生產功能,亦具有洪水調節的功能。
英文摘要 With the process of urbanization, the agricultural land is often replaced, leading to a drastically reduce of the agricultural area in recent years, and it also reduces the flood control capacity of the area. Therefore, if the land with flood mitigation function can be identified in advance in spatial planning and land use management is implemented, the impact of land use changes on floods can be effectively reduced.
To understand the impact of agricultural land on the flood potential, this study applies the Physiographic Drainage-Inundation Model (PHD model) to simulate the impact of the agricultural land conversions on flood in Taoyuan Coastal Basins.
The research results show that when agricultural land is replaced by construction land, the flood potential would increase, including the inundation depth, area and total flood volume, which shows that the protection against floods has decreased in the study area. Also, it would affect floods time: the flood peak would arrive earlier, and the flood duration would be longer. Additionally, the correlation analysis shows that there is a significant correlation between the area of agricultural land change and the amount of flood volume change, indicating that the reduction of the agricultural land area would lead to an increase in flood volume.
This study uses a quantitative method to reveal the importance of agricultural land for flood management. Therefore, in terms of practical spatial planning, we should pay more attention to the potential benefits of agricultural land for flood disaster reduction.
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 4
第三節 研究範疇 5
第四節 研究內容與流程 8
第二章 文獻回顧 11
第一節 洪水災害與減災策略 11
第二節 農地與水文環境之關係 16
第三節 淹水模擬模型 20
第三章 研究方法與設計 22
第一節 研究方法 22
第二節 研究設計 29
第三節 演算資料建置與情境設定 31
第四節 地文性淹排水模式驗證 42
第四章 農地對淹水潛勢影響評估 44
第一節 情境一(現況)淹水模擬結果 46
第二節 農地轉用建地對淹水潛勢之影響 64
第三節 相關性分析 81
第五章 結論與建議 84
第一節 結論 84
第二節 後續研究建議 86
參考文獻 87
附錄一 SCS分類對應CN曲線值表 附-1
附錄二 國土利用現況對應土地利用型態SCS分類表 附-2
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